[Full Book] War In The Tribal Zone

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Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the
Author: R. Brian Ferguson
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 303

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War In The Tribal Zone

War In The Tribal Zone by R. Brian Ferguson, War In The Tribal Zone Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download War In The Tribal Zone books, Compare the impact of expanding states on tribal conflict. From their cross-cultural investigation, the authors have developed a ground-breaking approach to the study of indigenous warfare, one that places tribal societies within the context of a larger and more complex social universe. The result is a radical reinterpretation of ethnographic reality as it relates to tribal warfare and patterns of tribe-state interaction.


[Full Book] Njego S Montenegro

Njego   s Montenegro PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Zdenko Zlatar
Category : Poetry
Languages : en
Pages : 472

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Njego S Montenegro

War In The Tribal Zone by Zdenko Zlatar, Njego S Montenegro Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Njego S Montenegro books, Montenegro's transition from a tribal to a civil society is the subject of Zdenko Zlatar's newest work. His study is both about a country and a ruler, who typified Montenegro. Zlatar compares Negos's standing in Montenegro to tribal leaders in other parts of the world.


[Full Book] The Thistle And The Drone

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Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Author: Akbar S. Ahmed
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424

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The Thistle And The Drone

War In The Tribal Zone by Akbar S. Ahmed, The Thistle And The Drone Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Thistle And The Drone books, Argues that the campaigns that fall under "The War on Terror" have exacerbated the already-broken relationship between central Islamic governments and the tribal societies within their borders.


[Full Book] Studying War

Studying War PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Stephen P. Reyna
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 219

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Studying War

War In The Tribal Zone by Stephen P. Reyna, Studying War Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Studying War books, First Published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


[Full Book] Tribe

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Publisher: Twelve
Author: Sebastian Junger
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160

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Tribe

War In The Tribal Zone by Sebastian Junger, Tribe Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Tribe books, We have a strong instinct to belong to small groups defined by clear purpose and understanding--"tribes." This tribal connection has been largely lost in modern society, but regaining it may be the key to our psychological survival. Decades before the American Revolution, Benjamin Franklin lamented that English settlers were constantly fleeing over to the Indians-but Indians almost never did the same. Tribal society has been exerting an almost gravitational pull on Westerners for hundreds of years, and the reason lies deep in our evolutionary past as a communal species. The most recent example of that attraction is combat veterans who come home to find themselves missing the incredibly intimate bonds of platoon life. The loss of closeness that comes at the end of deployment may explain the high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder suffered by military veterans today. Combining history, psychology, and anthropology, Tribe explores what we can learn from tribal societies about loyalty, belonging, and the eternal human quest for meaning. It explains the irony that-for many veterans as well as civilians-war feels better than peace, adversity can turn out to be a blessing, and disasters are sometimes remembered more fondly than weddings or tropical vacations. Tribe explains why we are stronger when we come together, and how that can be achieved even in today's divided world.


[Full Book] Dark Shamans

Dark Shamans PDF
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Publisher: Duke University Press
Author: Neil L. Whitehead
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 324

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Dark Shamans

War In The Tribal Zone by Neil L. Whitehead, Dark Shamans Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dark Shamans books, On the little-known and darker side of shamanism there exists an ancient form of sorcery called kanaimà, a practice still observed among the Amerindians of the highlands of Guyana, Venezuela, and Brazil that involves the ritual stalking, mutilation, lingering death, and consumption of human victims. At once a memoir of cultural encounter and an ethnographic and historical investigation, this book offers a sustained, intimate look at kanaimà, its practitioners, their victims, and the reasons they give for their actions. Neil L. Whitehead tells of his own involvement with kanaimà—including an attempt to kill him with poison—and relates the personal testimonies of kanaimà shamans, their potential victims, and the victims’ families. He then goes on to discuss the historical emergence of kanaimà, describing how, in the face of successive modern colonizing forces—missionaries, rubber gatherers, miners, and development agencies—the practice has become an assertion of native autonomy. His analysis explores the ways in which kanaimà mediates both national and international impacts on native peoples in the region and considers the significance of kanaimà for current accounts of shamanism and religious belief and for theories of war and violence. Kanaimà appears here as part of the wider lexicon of rebellious terror and exotic horror—alongside the cannibal, vampire, and zombie—that haunts the western imagination. Dark Shamans broadens discussions of violence and of the representation of primitive savagery by recasting both in the light of current debates on modernity and globalization.


[Full Book] Role Of Pakistan In War Against Terrorism With Particular Emphasis On Its Tribal Area

Role of Pakistan in War Against Terrorism with Particular Emphasis on Its Tribal Area PDF
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Publisher:
Author:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 44

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Role Of Pakistan In War Against Terrorism With Particular Emphasis On Its Tribal Area

War In The Tribal Zone by , Role Of Pakistan In War Against Terrorism With Particular Emphasis On Its Tribal Area Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Role Of Pakistan In War Against Terrorism With Particular Emphasis On Its Tribal Area books, Pakistan can fight the war against terrorism in its tribal areas effectively with the assistance from the US and the international community. In order to win the war against terrorism, along with the military actions; the US and the international community must foster the development of economical, social and political system in Pakistan's tribal area. The tribal areas of Pakistan are the areas of the world where rule of the law has never been enforced. During the British time in the South Asia, tribal areas were not ruled but used as buffer zone against the invaders from the west through mutual agreements with tribal leaders. After independence of Pakistan from Britain, status quo was maintained for the tribal areas. The tribal areas were not extended with the privileges being provided to the common citizen of Pakistan. Tribal leaders were trusted. to develop their territory with funds provided by the Pakistan's government. The Cold War era flooded the tribes with heavy economic and military support to fight USSR but resulted in strengthening the tribal leaders and degradation of the basic human rights of the population. After the cold war, US and its allies mishandled the Pakistan and the Afghanistan that led creation of terrorist organization i.e. AI Qaeda. Lately Al Qaeda became the reason for the 9/11 incident and the war against terrorism. Although the Pakistan, the US and its allies have been fighting war on terror since 2001, however, there are no visible signs of victory so far. It is commonly perceived that the US and its Allies may win the war but will not be winning the hearts and minds of the people where the roots of terrorism are lying. To eliminate the terrorism from tribal areas, the Pakistan, the US and the international community have to uplift the tribal areas economically, socially and politically.


[Full Book] War Before Civilization

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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Lawrence H. Keeley
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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War Before Civilization

War In The Tribal Zone by Lawrence H. Keeley, War Before Civilization Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download War Before Civilization books, The myth of the peace-loving "noble savage" is persistent and pernicious. Indeed, for the last fifty years, most popular and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a disease of civilized societies alone. Prehistoric warfare, according to this view, was little more than a ritualized game, where casualties were limited and the effects of aggression relatively mild. Lawrence Keeley's groundbreaking War Before Civilization offers a devastating rebuttal to such comfortable myths and debunks the notion that warfare was introduced to primitive societies through contact with civilization (an idea he denounces as "the pacification of the past"). Building on much fascinating archeological and historical research and offering an astute comparison of warfare in civilized and prehistoric societies, from modern European states to the Plains Indians of North America, War Before Civilization convincingly demonstrates that prehistoric warfare was in fact more deadly, more frequent, and more ruthless than modern war. To support this point, Keeley provides a wide-ranging look at warfare and brutality in the prehistoric world. He reveals, for instance, that prehistorical tactics favoring raids and ambushes, as opposed to formal battles, often yielded a high death-rate; that adult males falling into the hands of their enemies were almost universally killed; and that surprise raids seldom spared even women and children. Keeley cites evidence of ancient massacres in many areas of the world, including the discovery in South Dakota of a prehistoric mass grave containing the remains of over 500 scalped and mutilated men, women, and children (a slaughter that took place a century and a half before the arrival of Columbus). In addition, Keeley surveys the prevalence of looting, destruction, and trophy-taking in all kinds of warfare and again finds little moral distinction between ancient warriors and civilized armies. Finally, and perhaps most controversially, he examines the evidence of cannibalism among some preliterate peoples. Keeley is a seasoned writer and his book is packed with vivid, eye-opening details (for instance, that the homicide rate of prehistoric Illinois villagers may have exceeded that of the modern United States by some 70 times). But he also goes beyond grisly facts to address the larger moral and philosophical issues raised by his work. What are the causes of war? Are human beings inherently violent? How can we ensure peace in our own time? Challenging some of our most dearly held beliefs, Keeley's conclusions are bound to stir controversy.


[Full Book] Yanomami Warfare

Yanomami Warfare PDF
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Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the
Author: R. Brian Ferguson
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 449

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Yanomami Warfare

War In The Tribal Zone by R. Brian Ferguson, Yanomami Warfare Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Yanomami Warfare books, "Re-evaluation of Yanomamo warfare defends a material motivation hypothesis grounded in an etic behavioral approach. Elaborating a method previously applied to the study of Pacific Northwest warfare patterns, author develops a formal analytic model and applies it to histories of Yanomamo conflicts, political relations among villages, and warfare strategies. Effects of Western contact - especially the introduction of manufactured goods - on warfare patterns are discussed"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.


[Full Book] Empire And Tribe In The Afghan Frontier Region

Empire and Tribe in the Afghan Frontier Region PDF
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Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Author: Hugh Beattie
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Empire And Tribe In The Afghan Frontier Region

War In The Tribal Zone by Hugh Beattie, Empire And Tribe In The Afghan Frontier Region Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Empire And Tribe In The Afghan Frontier Region books, Waziristan, a region on the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, has in recent years become a flash point in the so-called 'War on Terror'. Hugh Beattie looks at the history of this region, examining British attempts to manage the tribes from 1849 until Pakistan's declaration of independence in 1947. He explores British attempts to divide the frontier region into separate British and Afghan spheres of influence. In the minds of British policymakers, this demarcation would secure the position of the Empire, and so Beattie highlights the various policy initiatives towards the frontier region over the period in question. Crucially, he analyses how the British perceived the local tribes, what constituted authority within tribal frameworks, and the military and political ramifications of these perceptions. As he also explores the contemporary relevance of this region, taking into account the resurgence of the Taliban in Waziristan, Beattie's analysis is vital for those interested in the history and security implications of the Afghan frontier with Pakistan.


[Full Book] Virtual War And Magical Death

Virtual War and Magical Death PDF
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Publisher: Duke University Press
Author: Neil L. Whitehead
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Virtual War And Magical Death

War In The Tribal Zone by Neil L. Whitehead, Virtual War And Magical Death Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Virtual War And Magical Death books, Virtual War and Magical Death is a provocative examination of the relations between anthropology and contemporary global war. Several arguments unite the collected essays, which are based on ethnographic research in varied locations, including Guatemala, Uganda, and Tanzania, as well as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, and the United States. Foremost is the contention that modern high-tech warfare—as it is practiced and represented by the military, the media, and civilians—is analogous to rituals of magic and sorcery. Technologies of "virtual warfare," such as high-altitude bombing, remote drone attacks, night-vision goggles, and even music videoes and computer games that simulate battle, reproduce the imaginative worlds and subjective experiences of witchcraft, magic, and assault sorcery long studied by cultural anthropologists. Another significant focus of the collection is the U.S. military's exploitation of ethnographic research, particularly through its controversial Human Terrain Systems (HTS) Program, which embeds anthropologists as cultural experts in military units. Several pieces address the ethical dilemmas that HTS and other counterinsurgency projects pose for anthropologists. Other essays reveal the relatively small scale of those programs in relation to the military's broader use of, and ambitions for, social scientific data. Contributors. Robertson Allen, Brian Ferguson, Sverker Finnström, Roberto J. González, David H. Price, Antonius Robben, Victoria Sanford, Jeffrey Sluka, Koen Stroeken, Matthew Sumera, Neil L. Whitehead


[Full Book] Virtual War And Magical Death

Virtual War and Magical Death PDF
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Publisher: Duke University Press
Author: Neil L. Whitehead
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 289

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Virtual War And Magical Death

War In The Tribal Zone by Neil L. Whitehead, Virtual War And Magical Death Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Virtual War And Magical Death books, The contributors to this provocative collection scrutinize the relations between anthropology and contemporary global war, contending that modern high-tech warfare is analogous to rituals of magic and sorcery, and examining the U.S. military's exploitation of ethnographic research.


[Full Book] How War Began

How War Began PDF
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Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
Author: Keith F. Otterbein
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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How War Began

War In The Tribal Zone by Keith F. Otterbein, How War Began Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download How War Began books, Have humans always fought and killed each other, or did they peacefully coexist until states developed? Is war an expression of human nature or an artifact of civilization? Questions about the origin and inherent motivations of warfare have long engaged philosophers, ethicists, anthropologists as they speculate on the nature of human existence. In How War Began, author Keith F. Otterbein draws on primate behavior research, archaeological research, data gathered from the Human Relations Area Files, and a career spent in research and reflection on war to argue for two separate origins. He identifies two types of military organization: one which developed two million years ago at the dawn of humankind, wherever groups of hunters met, and a second which developed some five thousand years ago, in four identifiable regions, when the first states arose and proceeded to embark upon military conquests. In carefully selected detail, Otterbein marshals the evidence for his case that warfare was possible and likely among early Homo sapiens. He argues from analogy with other primates, from Paleolithic rock art depicting wounded humans, and from rare skeletal remains with embedded weapon points to conclude that warfare existed and reached a peak in big game hunting societies. As the big game disappeared, so did warfare—only to reemerge once agricultural societies achieved a degree of political complexity that allowed the development of professional military organizations. Otterbein concludes his survey with an analysis of how despotism in both ancient and modern states spawns warfare. A definitive resource for anthropologists, social scientists and historians, How War Began is written for all who are interested in warfare and individuals who seek to understand the past and the present of humankind.


[Full Book] Tribal Soldiers Of Vietnam

Tribal Soldiers of Vietnam PDF
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Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Author: David K. Moore
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 105

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Tribal Soldiers Of Vietnam

War In The Tribal Zone by David K. Moore, Tribal Soldiers Of Vietnam Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Tribal Soldiers Of Vietnam books,


[Full Book] Emergent Warfare In Our Evolutionary Past

Emergent Warfare in Our Evolutionary Past PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Nam C Kim
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 234

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Emergent Warfare In Our Evolutionary Past

War In The Tribal Zone by Nam C Kim, Emergent Warfare In Our Evolutionary Past Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Emergent Warfare In Our Evolutionary Past books, Why do we fight? Have we always been fighting one another? This book examines the origins and development of human forms of organized violence from an anthropological and archaeological perspective. Kim and Kissel argue that human warfare is qualitatively different from forms of lethal, intergroup violence seen elsewhere in the natural world, and that its emergence is intimately connected to how humans evolved and to the emergence of human nature itself.


[Full Book] Tribal And Chiefly Warfare In South America

Tribal and Chiefly Warfare in South America PDF
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Publisher: University of Michigan Museum
Author: Elsa M. Redmond
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 148

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Tribal And Chiefly Warfare In South America

War In The Tribal Zone by Elsa M. Redmond, Tribal And Chiefly Warfare In South America Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Tribal And Chiefly Warfare In South America books, "Preparations, organization, weapons, strategies, rituals, and mortuary treatments associated with warfare among contemporary Jivaro and Yanomamo, and among contact-period Colombian and Panamanian chiefdoms, provide criteria for differentiating tribal and chiefdom levels; these are evaluated using archaeological data from various regions and periods"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.