[Full Book] The State Versus The Individual

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Publisher: BRILL
Author: Katariina Simonen
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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The State Versus The Individual

The State Versus The Individual by Katariina Simonen, The State Versus The Individual Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The State Versus The Individual books, The question of humanitarian intervention ́s legality remains unanswered to date. This book offers a new approach to the legality issue by combining legal theory and international law. With humanitarian intervention, hard choices still have to be made by the international lawgiver.


[Full Book] State Sovereignty Versus Individual Human Rights In The Case Of The Rwandan Genocide Of 1994

State Sovereignty Versus Individual Human Rights in the Case of the Rwandan Genocide of 1994 PDF
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Publisher: Universal-Publishers
Author: Kayumba David
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 119

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State Sovereignty Versus Individual Human Rights In The Case Of The Rwandan Genocide Of 1994

The State Versus The Individual by Kayumba David, State Sovereignty Versus Individual Human Rights In The Case Of The Rwandan Genocide Of 1994 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download State Sovereignty Versus Individual Human Rights In The Case Of The Rwandan Genocide Of 1994 books, This study entitled State sovereignty versus individual human rights is a critical reflection of the relationship between sovereignty and (individual) human rights especially as it related to the Rwandan genocide in which about a million people perished in only 100 days. The fact that Rwanda government conducted a genocide against its citizens and continued to enjoy the benefits of sovereign rights of independent states such as the protection from foreign interference, well knowing that peoples rights were being violated, moved me to question the legitimacy of state sovereignty of an abusive government. The purpose of this study was to find out whether the people s sovereignty has been hijacked from the Rwandans by the state, and misused as a shield to mask violations of individual rights from international scrutiny. And further determine whether state sovereignty was made an excuse for non-intervention to stop the genocide. Therefore, the study set out to accomplish the following objectives; to establish the attitudes of the citizens about their sovereignty and independence in light of the past and present governments; to assess the role of sovereignty and international response to the1994 genocide; to examine the current level of human rights observance in the country; and make recommendations. I employed a qualitative Ex-post facto study design since I was looking at the conditions that had already occurred. In such a case there is no manipulation of conditions i.e. the genocide had already occurred. So the design was deemed appropriate in as far as the descriptions of facts. The study was conducted in Kigali, which was the epicentre of the genocide. Using purposive and simple random sampling techniques, a sample of 100 respondents was selected from a study population of 1000 people comprising civil servants, government officials, church leaders, civil society leaders and locals. Using self-administered questionnaires and interview guide data was collected and responses got, were organized, tabulated, and the frequencies determined. The discussion and analysis of data collected gave the following findings; that sovereignty was not a common right in pre-genocide Rwanda and that the 1962 independence was a Hutu independence rather than Rwandan; it was found out that there was gross misuse of sovereignty by the state government, which culminated in the successive and 1994 genocide; the international community breached the 1948 Geneva Convention obligation; there is considerable observance of human rights by the current government although there are still serious human rights concerns. It was recommended that human rights education be incorporated in the education curriculum at all levels to combat cognitive dissonance among Rwandans. Secondly, that those countries that were concerned in one way or another, should account for the untold suffering that the people went through, and thirdly, that the international community (UN) should be restructured to have new standards for prompt humanitarian intervention and that state sovereignty should cease to be used as justification to shield human right abuse. And finally, it is recommended that a regional Crisis response force be established for prompt deployment to the crisis area as an African initiative. I believe these recommendations are relevant to the UN, AU, and the civilized nations in the quest to protect human rights of all peoples everywhere.


[Full Book] The Individual Vs The Public Interest

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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Richard M. Alston
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 250

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The Individual Vs The Public Interest

The State Versus The Individual by Richard M. Alston, The Individual Vs The Public Interest Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Individual Vs The Public Interest books, Central to the controversy surrounding U. S. natural resources policy is the conflict between environmentalists and proponents of development. Examining the evolution of the philosophies underlying that conflict, Dr. Alston traces the failure to achieve a unified resources policy to the seemingly incompatible ideological positions held by resource specialists, interest groups, policymakers, econo mists, and foresters. His analysis goes beyond his case study of na ional forest policy to focus on an ancient question basic to policy making in a democratic society: How can government provide a sociopolitical framework that accomodates both individual interests and the need for unity in a collective existence? Only within this broader framework, he argues, is it possible to determine the proper division between private and public resource management or the proper role of government in natural resources planning. Incorporating a critical evaluation of the development of classical and neoclassical economic theory, this work makes clear the need to strike a balance between a strictly individualistic and an ecological point of view. Dr. Alston illustrates the ideological conflicts that complicate resources planning and explores the possibility of a new ideology capable of accomodating and inte grating differences to meet the complex needs of society.


[Full Book] The Relationship Between State And Individual Responsibility For International Crimes

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Publisher: BRILL
Author: Béatrice I. Bonafè
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 281

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The Relationship Between State And Individual Responsibility For International Crimes

The State Versus The Individual by Béatrice I. Bonafè, The Relationship Between State And Individual Responsibility For International Crimes Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Relationship Between State And Individual Responsibility For International Crimes books, This book offers a unique comparison between state and individual responsibility for international crimes and examines the theories that can explain the relationship between these two regimes. The study provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the relevant international practice from the standpoint of both international criminal law, and in particular the case law of international criminal tribunals, and state responsibility. The author shows the various connections and issues arising from the parallel establishment of state and individual responsibility for the commission of the same international crimes. These connections indicate a growing need to better co-ordinate these regimes of international responsibility. The author maintains that a general conception, according to which state and individual responsibility are two separate sets of secondary rules attached to the breach of the same primary norms, can help to solve the various issues relating to this dual responsibility. This conception of the complementarity between state and individual responsibility justifies co-ordination and consistent application of these two different regimes, each of which aims to foster compliance with the most important obligations owed to the international community as a whole.


[Full Book] The Individual And The State In China

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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Brian Hook
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 231

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The Individual And The State In China

The State Versus The Individual by Brian Hook, The Individual And The State In China Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Individual And The State In China books, Addresses the effect of opening up China economically on the individual rights and freedoms of the population by considering changes in the relations of the state and several groups in the population - rural peasants, manual workers, the military, and the


[Full Book] The New Leviathan

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Publisher: Encounter Books
Author: Roger Kimball
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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The New Leviathan

The State Versus The Individual by Roger Kimball, The New Leviathan Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The New Leviathan books, The ideas and policies that are percolating down from 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue and Capitol Hill—increased government intervention, calls to “spread the wealth around,” onerous regulations, and bailouts for all—are not new. We’ve been down this road before. We know where it leads. It is that forlorn byway that Friedrich von Hayek called the Road to Serfdom. The good news is we don’t have to go down that road again. Resurrecting 18th-century style pamphleteering, Encounter Broadsides provide the intellectual ammunition for the battle over America’s future. From the folly of Obamacare, to the politicization of the Justice Department, or disastrous efforts to nationalize our education system, each Encounter Broadside assaults a new tentacle of the rising statism. Now, for the first time, The New Leviathan collects these salvos in one essential handbook. The New Leviathan is edited by Roger Kimball with contributions from John R. Bolton, Daniel DiSalvo, Richard A. Epstein, Peter Ferrara, John Fund, Victor Davis Hanson, Andrew C. McCarthy, Betsy McCaughey, Stephen Moore, Michael B. Mukasey, Glenn Harlan Reynolds, Rich Trzupek, and Kevin D. Williamson. Together, they make the definitive case for liberty and democratic capitalism at a time when they are under siege from the resurgence of collectivist sentiment.


[Full Book] The Individual And The Community

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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Wen Kwei Liao
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 332

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The Individual And The Community

The State Versus The Individual by Wen Kwei Liao, The Individual And The Community Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Individual And The Community books, First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


[Full Book] Law S Relations

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Publisher: OUP USA
Author: Jennifer Nedelsky
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 542

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Law S Relations

The State Versus The Individual by Jennifer Nedelsky, Law S Relations Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Law S Relations books, Jennifer Nedelsky claims that we must rethink our notion of autonomy, rejecting the usual vocabulary of control, boundaries and individual rights. If we understand that we are fundamentally in relation to others, she argues, we will recognize that we become autonomous with others.


[Full Book] Majority Rule Vs Individual Rights

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Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Author: Erika Meersman
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 32

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Majority Rule Vs Individual Rights

The State Versus The Individual by Erika Meersman, Majority Rule Vs Individual Rights Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Majority Rule Vs Individual Rights books, The U.S. government is commonly characterized as being comprised of the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. These two parties have differing views of how the government should be run, therefore creating a divide in legislative processes. Majority rule refers to a democracy being governed by decisions upon which a greater portion of people has agreed. However, U.S. citizens have basic and inalienable rights that can't be violated by the government. This book explores these basic and inalienable rights in relation to majority rule, and provides insight to how these concepts are laid out in the U.S. Constitution.


[Full Book] Handbook Of Individual Differences In Social Behavior

Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior PDF
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Publisher: Guilford Publications
Author: Mark R. Leary
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 624

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Handbook Of Individual Differences In Social Behavior

The State Versus The Individual by Mark R. Leary, Handbook Of Individual Differences In Social Behavior Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Handbook Of Individual Differences In Social Behavior books, How do individual differences interact with situational factors to shape social behavior? Are people with certain traits more likely to form lasting marriages; experience test-taking anxiety; break the law; feel optimistic about the future? This handbook provides a comprehensive, authoritative examination of the full range of personality variables associated with interpersonal judgment, behavior, and emotion. The contributors are acknowledged experts who have conducted influential research on the constructs they address. Chapters discuss how each personality attribute is conceptualized and assessed, review the strengths and limitations of available measures (including child and adolescent measures, when available), present important findings related to social behavior, and identify directions for future study.


[Full Book] The Five Rights Of The Individual

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Publisher: iUniverse
Author: Philip Schuyler
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 298

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The Five Rights Of The Individual

The State Versus The Individual by Philip Schuyler, The Five Rights Of The Individual Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Five Rights Of The Individual books, The US government makes 350 pages of new laws each day, including directives of policy that limit what an individual may do at home alone or with consenting adults. Such laws are intended to make people safer, healthier, or more productive, but they often violate the Five Rights because they sacrifice personal choices to some presumed greater good. Directives of policy may include laws that violate the rights to privacy or free speech; laws restricting abortion or physician-assisted suicide; restrictions on gun rights; prohibitions on unhealthy foods, cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs; laws that discriminate against gays; and laws that violate property rights. Drug prohibition laws have been the most damaging. Over the past 40 years, the US population grew 50 percent while its prison population grew 1,000 percent, due mostly to antidrug laws. There are now two million Americans in jail, half of whom didn’t harm, coerce, or defraud anyone. The land of the free has one twentieth of the world’s population and one fifth of its prison population. Our incarceration rate is seven times that of European countries. No democracy has ever had such a large percentage of its people behind bars. Legalization of marijuana and decriminalization of other drugs would free hundreds of thousands of individuals, end prison overcrowding, and save billions of dollars now spent trying to enforce unenforceable laws. There would be less need for spying, wiretapping, and breaking down doors. Americans could stop thinking of the police as the enemy and vice-versa, permitting a renewal of respect for the Five Rights.


[Full Book] The Individual And The Group

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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Malcolm Pines
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 680

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The Individual And The Group

The State Versus The Individual by Malcolm Pines, The Individual And The Group Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Individual And The Group books, Malcolm Pines and Lise Rafaelsen The Seventh International Congress of Group Psychotherapy organized in Copenhagen by the International Association of Group Psychotherapy was one of the largest and most representative congresses on this subject that has yet been held. Probably for the first time we achieved the declared aim of the International Association: that of bringing together representatives of the different approaches to group psychotherapy in the same forum to allow for communication, exchange, and development of our relation ships. Previous congresses have been less representative and it seems to augur well for the future of the Association and of it's congresses that there was this strong force and wish for unification and for exchange within the field of group psychotherapy. The Congress theme, "The Individual and the Group: Boundaries and Interrelations in Theory and Practice" was chosen because it gave an opportunity once again to examine the very basis for group psycho therapy as theory and as practice. The basic theme, stated in the opening papers by Professor Marie Jahoda and Professor James Anthony, was replayed daily with new developments and variations according to the theoretical position of each subsequent speaker.


[Full Book] The Unrecognised Peril

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Publisher: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd
Author: S Utham Kumar Jamadhagni
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 282

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The Unrecognised Peril

The State Versus The Individual by S Utham Kumar Jamadhagni, The Unrecognised Peril Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Unrecognised Peril books, Acknowledging the importance of non traditional security in the wider debate, this book looks at one significant aspect namely, environmental security. The book discusses different issues of theoretical and practical import through various chapters that deal with the general need for study on human and environmental security, its degradation due to a variety of factors like climate change, war, pollution and resource utilisation. Moving from a regional South Asian focus the book narrows down to specific cases within India and the region at large to highlight the widespread effect anthropogenic factors have had on environmental security. A diverse set of articles from many authors has meant a comprehensive perspective on a vital global and national concern.


[Full Book] The Decline Of The Individual

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Publisher: Springer
Author: Mark D. White
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 154

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The Decline Of The Individual

The State Versus The Individual by Mark D. White, The Decline Of The Individual Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Decline Of The Individual books, This book explores the steady decline in the status of the individual in recent years and addresses common misunderstandings about the concept of individuality. Drawing from psychology, neuroscience, technology, economics, philosophy, politics, and law, White explains how and why the individual has been devalued in the eyes of scholars, government leaders, and the public. He notes that developments in science have led to doubts about our cognitive competence, while assumptions made in the humanities have led to questions about our moral competence. In this book, White goes on to argue that both of these views are mistaken and that they stem from overly simplistic ideas about how individuals make choices, however imperfectly, in their interests, which are multifaceted and complex. In response, he proposes a new way to look at individuals that preserves their essential autonomy while emphasizing their responsibility to others, inspired by the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant and the legal and political philosophy reflected in the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution. This book explains how individuality combines both rights and responsibilities, reconciles the popular yet false dichotomy between individual and society, and provides the basis for a humane and respectful civil society and government. This book is part of White's trilogy on the individual and society, which includes The Manipulation of Choice and The Illusion of Well-Being.


[Full Book] The International Legal Personality Of The Individual

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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Astrid Kjeldgaard-Pedersen
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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The International Legal Personality Of The Individual

The State Versus The Individual by Astrid Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, The International Legal Personality Of The Individual Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The International Legal Personality Of The Individual books, This is the first monograph to scrutinize the relationship between the concept of international legal personality as a theoretical construct and the position of the ultimate subject, the individual, as a matter of positive international law. By testing the four main theoretical conceptions of international legal personality against historical and existing norms of positive international law that regulate the conduct of individuals, the book argues that the common narrative in contemporary scholarship about the development of the role of the individual in the international legal system is flawed. Contrary to conventional wisdom, international law did not apply to states alone until World War II, only to transform during the second half of the 20th century so as to include individuals as its subjects. Rather, the answer to the question of individual rights and obligations under international law is - and always was - strictly empirical. It follows, of course, that the entities governed by a particular norm tell us nothing about the legal system to which that norm belongs. Instead, the distinction between international law and national law turns exclusively on whether the source of the norm in question is international or national in kind. Against the background of these insights, the book shows how present-day international lawyers continue to allow an idea, which was never more than a scholarly invention of the 19th century, to influence the interpretation and application of international law. This state of affairs has significant real-world ramifications as international legal rights and obligations of individuals (and other non-state entities) are frequently applied more restrictively than interpretation without presumptions regarding 'personality' would merit.


[Full Book] Handbook Of Individual Differences In Cognition

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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Aleksandra Gruszka
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 494

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Handbook Of Individual Differences In Cognition

The State Versus The Individual by Aleksandra Gruszka, Handbook Of Individual Differences In Cognition Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Handbook Of Individual Differences In Cognition books, As cognitive models of behavior continue to evolve, the mechanics of cognitive exceptionality, with its range of individual variations in abilities and performance, remains a challenge to psychology. Reaching beyond the standard view of exceptional cognition equaling superior intelligence, the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition examines the latest findings from psychobiology, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience, for a comprehensive state-of-the-art volume. Breaking down cognition in terms of attentional mechanisms, working memory, and higher-order processing, contributors discuss general models of cognition and personality. Chapter authors build on this foundation as they revisit current theory in such areas as processing effort and general arousal and examine emerging methods in individual differences research, including new data on the role of brain plasticity in cognitive function. The possibility of a unified theory of individual differences in cognitive ability and the extent to which these variables may account for real-world competencies are emphasized, and commentary chapters offer suggestions for further research priorities. Coverage highlights include: The relationship between cognition and temperamental traits. The development of autobiographical memory. Anxiety and attentional control. The neurophysiology of gender differences in cognitive ability. Intelligence and cognitive control. Individual differences in dual task coordination. The effects of subclinical depression on attention, memory, and reasoning. Mood as a shaper of information. Researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in psychology and cognitive sciences, including clinical psychology and neuropsychology, personality and social psychology, neuroscience, and education, will find the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition an expert guide to the field as it currently stands and to its agenda for the future.