[Full Book] The Late Devonian Mass Extinction

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: George R. McGhee
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 303

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The Late Devonian Mass Extinction

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by George R. McGhee, The Late Devonian Mass Extinction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Late Devonian Mass Extinction books, Based on two decades of research, The Late Devonian Mass Extinction reviews the many theories that have been presented to explain the global mass extinction that struck the earth over 367 million years ago, considering in particular the possibility that the extinction was triggered by multiple impacts of extraterrestrial objects.


[Full Book] Re Evaluating The Late Devonian Mass Extinction

Re evaluating the Late Devonian Mass Extinction PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Kelly N. Hillbun
Category : Chemostratigraphy
Languages : en
Pages : 266

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Re Evaluating The Late Devonian Mass Extinction

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Kelly N. Hillbun, Re Evaluating The Late Devonian Mass Extinction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Re Evaluating The Late Devonian Mass Extinction books, The primary goal of this dissertation is to increase understanding of the so-called Late Devonian mass extinction through the use of stable isotope geochemistry. Despite decades of research, the timing, cause(s), and extent of the events surrounding this devastating interval in Earth history remain poorly understood. One of the best places to study the Devonian period is the Lennard Shelf in the Canning Basin of Western Australia. This region contains extensive, well-preserved exposures of Middle and Upper Devonian (Givetian, Frasnian, and Famennian) carbonate reefal platforms and slopes that are ideal for geochemical analyses. A significant amount of information could be learned about the Late Devonian mass extinction in the Canning Basin if we had a detailed chronostratigraphic framework of platform to basin strata and a better understanding of the paleoenvironmental conditions during the Upper Devonian. This research aims to use stable isotope chemostratigraphy to help build a high resolution chronostratigraphy and examine any environmental changes leading up to and following the F-F boundary that may have contributed to Devonian extinction events in the Canning Basin. This dissertation is divided into two parts; the first concerns my research on the Late Devonian mass extinction while the second is ancillary and documents my astrobiology research rotation. Part 1 contains introductory and concluding remarks as well as three chapters written as scientific manuscripts that have been, or will soon be, submitted for journal publication. The first of these three chapters examines the local and global controls on carbon isotope chemostratigraphy in the Lennard Shelf system to validate the use of secular variations as a chronostratigraphic tool for regional and global correlations. The next chapter provides a detailed, expanded view of the F-F boundary and constrains the pattern of carbon isotope perturbations across said boundary at the intra-zonal scale. The third scientific chapter broadens focus from the F-F to the entirely of the Upper Devonian and presents the first carbon isotope composite curve from Western Australia that is used to test the global nature (timing and extent) of Late Devonian events and examine the relationship between carbon isotope fluctuations, faunal turnover, and changes in the paleoenvironment (sea level, climate, ocean chemistry, paleogeography). Results from Part 1 not only have implications for re-evaluating one of the "Big Five" mass extinctions in the Phanerozoic, but are also relevant to studies in astrobiology and have additional applications in the oil and gas industry. The final chapter of my dissertation, which is in Part 2, concerns interdisciplinary, astrobiology work done during summer quarter, 2014, that was devoted to analyzing the relationship between astronomy and geology circa 1770-1810. This chapter is included in my dissertation as partial fulfillment of my dual-title astrobiology degree.


[Full Book] Ecologic Changes Associated With The Late Devonian Mass Extinction

Ecologic Changes Associated with the Late Devonian Mass Extinction PDF
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Publisher:
Author: William Tate Phelps
Category : Catastrophes (Geology)
Languages : en
Pages : 560

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Ecologic Changes Associated With The Late Devonian Mass Extinction

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by William Tate Phelps, Ecologic Changes Associated With The Late Devonian Mass Extinction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ecologic Changes Associated With The Late Devonian Mass Extinction books, The purpose of this research is to test the predictive power of taxonomic and guild data as they pertain to large-scale ecological change during the Late Devonian Mass Extinction and to determine the validity of the assumptions required by studies that use only taxonomic data to investigate large-scale ecological change.


[Full Book] Reef Recovery Following The Late Devonian Mass Extinction Evidence From The Dugway Range West Central Utah

Reef Recovery Following the Late Devonian Mass Extinction  Evidence from the Dugway Range  West central Utah PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Joseph G. Krivanek
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Reef Recovery Following The Late Devonian Mass Extinction Evidence From The Dugway Range West Central Utah

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Joseph G. Krivanek, Reef Recovery Following The Late Devonian Mass Extinction Evidence From The Dugway Range West Central Utah Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reef Recovery Following The Late Devonian Mass Extinction Evidence From The Dugway Range West Central Utah books, ABSTRACT: The biotic crisis of the Late Devonian Period involved three distinct peaks of extinction intensity and preferentially eliminated reef taxa. By the end of the second peak, the Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) boundary, the dominant constructor guild member of the mid-Paleozoic, the stromatoporoids, had ceased reef construction in most parts of the world. An undescribed stromatoporoid bioherm in the Dugway Range, west-central Utah, is one of the few locations where stromatoporoids continued building reefs into the mid-Famennian. The sections are well-constrained biostratigraphically using both conodonts and stromatoporoids and range from the latest Frasnian to the Early Carboniferous. The reefal faunas are depauperate and dominated by labechiids and stylostromids, as is characteristic of most Famennian bioconstructions. In this region, reefal development was episodic with reefal units interbedded with units lacking reef taxa. The stromatoporoid survivors belong to long-ranging clades, and may represent "extinction-resistant" taxa. Both were fairly minor constituents of Frasnian reef communities.


[Full Book] The Frasnian Famennian Late Devonian Mass Extinction And Recovery Interval

The Frasnian Famennian  Late Devonian  Mass Extinction and Recovery Interval PDF
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Publisher:
Author: John Frederick Bratton
Category : Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary
Languages : en
Pages : 522

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The Frasnian Famennian Late Devonian Mass Extinction And Recovery Interval

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by John Frederick Bratton, The Frasnian Famennian Late Devonian Mass Extinction And Recovery Interval Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Frasnian Famennian Late Devonian Mass Extinction And Recovery Interval books,


[Full Book] Selectivity Of The Lower Kellwasser Mass Extinction Event Late Devonian In The Appalachian Basin

Selectivity of the Lower Kellwasser Mass Extinction Event  Late Devonian  in the Appalachian Basin PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Jaleigh Quai Pier
Category : Electronic dissertations
Languages : en
Pages :

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Selectivity Of The Lower Kellwasser Mass Extinction Event Late Devonian In The Appalachian Basin

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Jaleigh Quai Pier, Selectivity Of The Lower Kellwasser Mass Extinction Event Late Devonian In The Appalachian Basin Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Selectivity Of The Lower Kellwasser Mass Extinction Event Late Devonian In The Appalachian Basin books, Mass extinctions are often associated with multiple environmental perturbations. For example, the Upper and Lower Kellwasser Events (the two pulses of the Frasnian-Famennian mass extinction in the Late Devonian) coincide with both global cooling and ocean anoxia/dysoxia. Assessing the selectivity of extinction-which types of organisms survived versus died-can help constrain which environmental changes were most important as kill mechanisms. Here, selectivity is examined with respect to several factors during the Lower Kellwasser Event. A thick package of siliciclastic sediments was deposited in the Appalachian Foreland Basin during the Late Devonian. Thanks to recent stratigraphic revisions, the Kellwasser Events can be traced along a paleoenvironmental gradient that shallows from west to east in New York and northern Pennsylvania. Previous studies have shown that brachiopod species composition varies significantly along this gradient, and that the Lower Kellwasser Event was the more severe of the two extinctions. The Wiscoy Formation was targeted for this study as it immediately predates the first extinction pulse. We collected bulk samples from numerous localities along the paleoenvironmental gradient and identified 7,933 brachiopod fossils from 21 genera and 26 species. Non-metric multidimensional scaling was used to quantify variation among species in environmental preference; variation in extinction intensity among habitats could indicate that anoxia was a kill mechanism, because oxygen levels likely varied with depth. Brachiopod orders varied in latitudinal distribution in the Devonian, so variation in extinction intensity among orders could implicate cooling as a kill mechanism. We also tested the effects of abundance and body size on probability of extinction. Multiple logistic regression strongly supported global cooling as a major kill mechanism-species belonging to orders prevalent at low latitudes had higher probability of extinction than those belonging to orders common at high latitudes. In contrast, paleoenvironmental preference was not a major predictor of extinction in these data.


[Full Book] When The Invasion Of Land Failed

When the Invasion of Land Failed PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: George R. McGhee Jr.
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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When The Invasion Of Land Failed

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by George R. McGhee Jr., When The Invasion Of Land Failed Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download When The Invasion Of Land Failed books, The invasion of land by ocean-dwelling plants and animals was one of the most revolutionary events in the evolution of life on Earth, yet the animal invasion almost failed—twice—because of the twin mass extinctions of the Late Devonian Epoch. Some 359 to 375 million years ago, these catastrophic events dealt our ancestors a blow that almost drove them back into the sea. If those extinctions had been just a bit more severe, spiders and insects—instead of vertebrates—might have become the ecologically dominant forms of animal life on land. This book examines the profound evolutionary consequences of the Late Devonian extinctions and the various theories proposed to explain their occurrence. Only one group of four-limbed vertebrates exists on Earth, while other tetrapod-like fishes are extinct. This gap is why the idea of "fish with feet" seems so peculiar to us, yet such animals were once a vital part of our world, and if the Devonian extinctions had not happened, members of these species, like the famous Acanthostega and Ichthyostega, might have continued to live in our rivers and lakes. Synthesizing decades of research and including a wealth of new discoveries, this accessible, comprehensive text explores the causes of the Devonian extinctions, the reasons vertebrates were so severely affected, and the potential evolution of the modern world if the extinctions had never taken place.


[Full Book] Carboniferous Giants And Mass Extinction

Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: George R. McGhee Jr.
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Carboniferous Giants And Mass Extinction

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by George R. McGhee Jr., Carboniferous Giants And Mass Extinction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Carboniferous Giants And Mass Extinction books, Picture a world of dog-sized scorpions and millipedes as long as a car; tropical rainforests with trees towering over 150 feet into the sky and a giant polar continent five times larger than Antarctica. That world was not imaginary; it was the earth more than 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period of the Paleozoic era. In Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction, George R. McGhee Jr. explores that ancient world, explaining its origins; its downfall in the end-Permian mass extinction, the greatest biodiversity crisis to occur since the evolution of animal life on Earth; and how its legacies still affect us today. McGhee investigates the consequences of the Late Paleozoic ice age in this comprehensive portrait of the effects of ancient climate change on global ecology. Carboniferous Giants and Mass Extinction examines the climatic conditions that allowed for the evolution of gigantic animals and the formation of the largest tropical rainforests ever to exist, which in time turned into the coal that made the industrial revolution possible—and fuels the engine of contemporary anthropogenic climate change. Exploring the strange and fascinating flora and fauna of the Late Paleozoic ice age world, McGhee focuses his analysis on the forces that brought this world to an abrupt and violent end. Synthesizing decades of research and new discoveries, this comprehensive book provides a wealth of insights into past and present extinction events and climate change.


[Full Book] Understanding Late Devonian And Permian Triassic Biotic And Climatic Events

Understanding Late Devonian and Permian Triassic Biotic and Climatic Events PDF
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Publisher: Elsevier
Author: Jeff Over
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344

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Understanding Late Devonian And Permian Triassic Biotic And Climatic Events

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Jeff Over, Understanding Late Devonian And Permian Triassic Biotic And Climatic Events Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Understanding Late Devonian And Permian Triassic Biotic And Climatic Events books, The Late Devonian and Permian-Triassic intervals are among the most dynamic episodes of Earth history, marked by large secular changes in continental ecosystems, dramatic fluctuations in ocean oxygenation, major phases of biotic turnover, volcanism, bolide impact events, and rapid fluctuations in stable isotope systems and sea level. This volume highlights contributions from a broad range of geological sub-disciplines currently striving to understand these critical intervals of geologically rapid, global-scale changes. * Provides updated, current models for the mid-Late Devonian and Permian-Triassic mass extinction episodes * Highlights several new analytical approaches for developing quantitative datasets * Takes an integrated approach presenting datasets from a broad range of sub-disciplines


[Full Book] The Earliest Forest And Associated Wildfires Linked To Marine Anoxia And Mass Extinctions During The Late Devonian

The Earliest Forest and Associated Wildfires Linked to Marine Anoxia and Mass Extinctions During the Late Devonian PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Man Lu
Category : Geology
Languages : en
Pages : 254

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The Earliest Forest And Associated Wildfires Linked To Marine Anoxia And Mass Extinctions During The Late Devonian

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Man Lu, The Earliest Forest And Associated Wildfires Linked To Marine Anoxia And Mass Extinctions During The Late Devonian Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Earliest Forest And Associated Wildfires Linked To Marine Anoxia And Mass Extinctions During The Late Devonian books, The diversification and radiation of vascular plants during the Devonian is a critical life event in geological history. The overarching goal of this dissertation is to reconstruct the evolution patterns of early vascular plants through the Devonian and their impacts on terrestrial and marine environments. The dissertation includes three projects that address this goal from different aspects. Project I was motivated by the lack of detailed spatiotemporal records of forests and soils during the Devonian. I presented data from microscopic and geochemical analyses of the Upper Devonian Chattanooga Shale (Famennian Stage) in northeastern Alabama, USA. I found increases in plant residues (microfossils, vitrinite, and inertinite) and molecular biomarkers (long-chain normal alkanes, vascular plant and wildfire derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)) throughout the section. These increases coincided with the intensification of continental weathering, as indicated by inorganic geochemical proxies (SiO2/Al2O3, Ti/Al, Zr/Al, and Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA)). These data suggest that the southern Appalachian Basin, a region representing the southernmost Euramerica, became increasingly forested during the Late Devonian. Furthermore, I performed a synthesis of vascular plant fossil records that were published to date, and the results show a more rapid southward progression of afforestation and pedogenesis than previously documented along the Acadian landmass during the Late Devonian. Project II was to evaluate the impacts of the global dispersal of forests and soils on marine anoxia during the Late Devonian mass extinction events. I established an ultra-high-resolution profile (centimeter-spaced intervals) of an Upper Kellwasser (UKW) extinction interval (uppermost Frasnian stage) from the Chattanooga Shale of Tennessee, USA. I applied multiple paleoenvironmental proxies to reconstruct changes in marine anoxia, marine primary productivity, terrestrial plant inputs, and sea-level changes. During UKW, the geochemical proxies for anoxia (aryl isoprenoids and MoEF) show frequent fluctuations, suggesting marine anoxia was periodic and short-lived. The fluctuation of anoxia coincided with those of plankton (short-chain normal alkanes and C27 steranes) and terrestrial plant biomarkers (long-chain normal alkanes and vascular plant-derived PAHs) and water-depth indicators (C29/C30 ÎłÎø hopane, Ti/Al, Zr/Al and CIA), suggesting the anoxic episodes were caused by pulsed inputs of organic matter from terrestrial plant and soil that were, in turn, regulated by sea-level variations. Results from time-series analysis of Ti/Al ratios profile through Late Frasnian-Early Famennian strata demonstrates that obliquity mediated the cycle of sea-level changes, providing the first evidence that recurring, episodic environmental stresses on marine organisms during the UKW mass extinction were paced by astronomic forcing. In Project III, I tested the hypothesis that the radiation of early forests and concurrent morphological evolution increased the frequency and spatial extent of wildfires. To date, the spatiotemporal evolutionary pattern of wildfires and underlying mechanisms during the Devonian remain poorly constrained. From works published to date, I synthesized global fire occurrences based on three paleo-wildfire proxies-fossil charcoals, inertinite maceral, and pyrogenic PAHs. Additionally, I performed a case study of reconstructing wildfire activities across the Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) boundary based on the contents of inertinite maceral and pyrogenic PAHs in the Upper Devonian Chattanooga Shale of Tennessee, USA. The results show that the wildfires increased dramatically across the F-F boundary and expanded rapidly across the Euramerica during the Famennian. I further analyzed the dispersal range, species, and key morphological features of vascular plants during the Devonian. I found the spatiotemporal expansion in wildfires through the Late Devonian were concurrent with the diversification and dispersal of the early trees, suggesting a rise in forest fires fueled by Archaeopteris. Axial diameter, leaf length, and leaf width also shows a rapid increasing trend through the Late Devonian, suggesting that forest fires favored the survival of tall trees with large leaves and eventually facilitated the expansion of the earliest forests in the Euramerica. This study demonstrates the effects of wildfires in shaping forest composition during the Late Devonian and highlights the long-term ecological significance of wildfires.


[Full Book] Volcanism Impacts And Mass Extinctions Causes And Effects

Volcanism  Impacts  and Mass  Extinctions  Causes and  Effects PDF
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Publisher: Geological Society of America
Author: Gerta Keller
Category : Asteroids
Languages : en
Pages : 455

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Volcanism Impacts And Mass Extinctions Causes And Effects

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Gerta Keller, Volcanism Impacts And Mass Extinctions Causes And Effects Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Volcanism Impacts And Mass Extinctions Causes And Effects books, "Comprises articles stemming from the March 2013 international conference at London's Natural History Museum. Researchers across geological, geophysical, and biological disciplines present key results from research concerning the causes of mass extinction events"--


[Full Book] Devonian Climate Sea Level And Evolutionary Events

Devonian Climate  Sea Level and Evolutionary Events PDF
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Publisher: Geological Society of London
Author: R. T. Becker, 1st
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 481

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Devonian Climate Sea Level And Evolutionary Events

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by R. T. Becker, 1st, Devonian Climate Sea Level And Evolutionary Events Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Devonian Climate Sea Level And Evolutionary Events books, The geological and palaeontological records of climate change and evolutionary events reflect Earth’s widely fluctuating climate systems. Past climates hold the clues to understanding future developments. In this context, research on linked climate, biodiversity and sea-level fluctuations of the Devonian contributes to the general knowledge of deep-time climate dynamics. A fruitful co-operation between the International Geoscience Programme IGCP 596 and the International Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy (SDS) addressed the complex succession of climate-linked Devonian global events of varying magnitude. The primary goal of IGCP 596 was to assess mid-Palaeozoic climate changes and their impact on marine and terrestrial biodiversity using an interdisciplinary approach. The focus of SDS includes a revision of the eustatic sea-level curve and the integration of refined chrono- and biostratigraphy with modern chemo-, magneto-, cyclo-, event- and sequence stratigraphy. This enabled the much improved dating and correlation of abiotic perturbations, evolutionary changes, organism and ecosystem ranges. Results by 37 authors are presented in 14 chapters, which cover the entire Devonian.


[Full Book] Mass Extinctions And Their Aftermath

Mass Extinctions and Their Aftermath PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press, UK
Author: A. Hallam
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 328

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Mass Extinctions And Their Aftermath

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by A. Hallam, Mass Extinctions And Their Aftermath Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mass Extinctions And Their Aftermath books, The first book to review all the evidence concerning both the dinosaur extinctions and all the other major extinctions - of plant, animal, terrestrial, and marine life - in the history of life. All the extinction mechanisms are critically assessed, including meteorite impact, anoxia, and volcanism. - ;Why do mass extinctions occur? The demise of the dinosaurs has been discussed exhaustively, but has never been out into the context of other extinction events. This is the first systematic review of the mass extinctions of all organisms, plant and animal, terrestrial and marine, that have occurred in the history of life. This includes the major crisis 250 million years ago which nearly wiped out all life on Earth. By examining current paleontological, geological, and sedimentological evidence of environmental changes, the cases for explanations based on climate change, marine regressions, asteroid or comet impact, anoxia, and volcanic eruptions are all critically evaluated. -


[Full Book] The Appalachian Geology Of John M Dennison

The Appalachian Geology of John M  Dennison PDF
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Publisher: Geological Society of America
Author: Katharine Lee Avary
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 249

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The Appalachian Geology Of John M Dennison

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Katharine Lee Avary, The Appalachian Geology Of John M Dennison Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Appalachian Geology Of John M Dennison books, "Dr. John M. Dennison spent his career studying the Appalachians, teaching and mentoring his students and professional colleagues, publishing papers, leading field trips, and presenting ideas at regional, national and international conferences. This volume is a collection of papers contributed by former students and colleagues to honor his memory. Learn about stratigraphy and paleontology ranging in age from Ordovician to Mississippian in Kentucky, New York, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia; Devonian airfall tephras throughout the eastern United States; a Devonian lonestone; a Middle Eocene bentonite in North Carolina and its relationship to a volcanic swarm in western Virginia; and a 3D model of a ductile duplex in northwestern Georgia. The stratigraphic and geologic diversity of the papers reflect Dennison's many interests and relationships with a large group of geoscientists"--


[Full Book] The Sixth Extinction

The Sixth Extinction PDF
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Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
Author: Elizabeth Kolbert
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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The Sixth Extinction

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Elizabeth Kolbert, The Sixth Extinction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Sixth Extinction books, ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW'S 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR A major book about the future of the world, blending intellectual and natural history and field reporting into a powerful account of the mass extinction unfolding before our eyes Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions, when the diversity of life on earth suddenly and dramatically contracted. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth extinction, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. This time around, the cataclysm is us. In The Sixth Extinction, two-time winner of the National Magazine Award and New Yorker writer Elizabeth Kolbert draws on the work of scores of researchers in half a dozen disciplines, accompanying many of them into the field: geologists who study deep ocean cores, botanists who follow the tree line as it climbs up the Andes, marine biologists who dive off the Great Barrier Reef. She introduces us to a dozen species, some already gone, others facing extinction, including the Panamian golden frog, staghorn coral, the great auk, and the Sumatran rhino. Through these stories, Kolbert provides a moving account of the disappearances occurring all around us and traces the evolution of extinction as concept, from its first articulation by Georges Cuvier in revolutionary Paris up through the present day. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy; as Kolbert observes, it compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.


[Full Book] Extinction Files

Extinction Files PDF
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Publisher:
Author:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Extinction Files

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by , Extinction Files Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Extinction Files books, The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) presents information on extinction. The BBC highlights the mass extinctions, including the late Cambrian, late Ordovician, late Devonian, and late Triassic extinctions. The BBC also discusses the life forms that evolved on Earth, theories of extinction, and patterns of extinction.


[Full Book] The History Of Life A Very Short Introduction

The History of Life  A Very Short Introduction PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Michael J. Benton
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 170

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The History Of Life A Very Short Introduction

The Late Devonian Mass Extinction by Michael J. Benton, The History Of Life A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The History Of Life A Very Short Introduction books, This Very Short Introduction presents a succinct and accessible guide to the key episodes in the story of life on earth - from the very origins of life four million years ago to the extraordinary diversity of species around the globe today.