[Full Book] The Black White Achievement Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap PDF
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Publisher: AMACOM
Author: Rod Paige
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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The Black White Achievement Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap by Rod Paige, The Black White Achievement Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Black White Achievement Gap books, When it comes to race in America, we must face one uncomfortable but undeniable fact. Almost 50 years after the birth of the civil rights movement, inequality still reigns supreme in our classrooms. At a time when African-American students trail their white peers on academic tests and experience high dropout rates, low college completion rates, and a tendency to shy away from majors in hard sciences and mathematics, the Black-White achievement gap in our schools has become the major barrier to racial equality and social justice in America. In fact, it is arguably the greatest civil rights issue of our time. The Black-White Achievement Gap is a call to action for this country to face up to and confront this crisis head on. Renowned former Secretary of Education Rod Paige believes we can close this gap. In this thought-provoking book, he and Elaine Witty trace the history of the achievement gap, discuss its relevance to racial equality and social justice, examine popular explanations, and offer suggestions for the type of committed leadership and community involvement needed to close it. African-American leaders need to rally around this important cause if we are to make real progress since students’ academic performance is a function not only of school quality, but of home and community factors as well. The Black-White Achievement Gap is an unflinching and long overdue look at the very real problem of racial disparity in our schools and what we must do to solve it.


[Full Book] Trends In The Black White Achievement Gap

Trends in the Black white Achievement Gap PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Lindsay C. Page
Category : Academic achievement
Languages : en
Pages : 60

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Trends In The Black White Achievement Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap by Lindsay C. Page, Trends In The Black White Achievement Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Trends In The Black White Achievement Gap books, We decompose black-white achievement gap trends between 1971 and 2004 into trends in within- and between-school differences. We show that the previous finding that narrowing within-school inequality explains most of the decline in the black-white achievement gap between 1971 and 1988 is sensitive to methodology. Employing a more detailed partition of achievement differences, we estimate that 40 percent of the narrowing of the gap through the 1970s and 1980s is attributable to the narrowing of within-school differences between black and white students. Further, the consequences for achievement of attending a high minority school became increasingly deleterious between 1971 and 1999.


[Full Book] Kids Don T Want To Fail

Kids Don t Want to Fail PDF
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Publisher: Harvard University Press
Author: Angel L. Harris
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Kids Don T Want To Fail

The Black White Achievement Gap by Angel L. Harris, Kids Don T Want To Fail Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kids Don T Want To Fail books, Kids Don’t Want to Fail uses empirical evidence to refute the widely accepted hypothesis that the black-white achievement gap in secondary schools is due to a cultural resistance to schooling in the black community. The author finds that inadequate elementary school preparation—not negative attitude—accounts for black students’ underperformance.


[Full Book] Race And The Black White Achievement Gap Myth

Race and the Black White Achievement Gap Myth PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Dr Darrell a Jackson
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Race And The Black White Achievement Gap Myth

The Black White Achievement Gap by Dr Darrell a Jackson, Race And The Black White Achievement Gap Myth Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Race And The Black White Achievement Gap Myth books, Race and the Black-White Achievement Gap Myth, published in 2017, attempts to dispel the surreptitious myth that disparate achievement levels between Black and White students is due primarily to intrinsic intellectual and cultural failings of Black children and their parents. A compelling case is made for the ways in which systemic racism victimizes Black children through ubiquitous residential segregation, Apartheid Schooling, second generation school segregation, and the multitude of ways many educators manifest their deficit views of Black students and biased values. Drawing upon research and forty years of education experience, the author proposes a unique set of common sense solutions to narrowing the gap and improving academic performance in general; strategies he has used to close the gap between Black and White students in two New Jersey schools.


[Full Book] Beyond Acting White

Beyond Acting White PDF
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Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Author: Erin McNamara Horvat
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 247

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Beyond Acting White

The Black White Achievement Gap by Erin McNamara Horvat, Beyond Acting White Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Beyond Acting White books, Why do Blacks underperform in school? Researchers continue to pursue this question with vigor not only because Blacks currently lag behind Whites on a wide variety of educational indices but because the closing of the Black-White achievement gap has slowed and by some measures reversed during the last quarter of the 20th century. The social implications of the persistent educational 'gap' between Blacks and Whites are substantial. Black people's experience with poor school achievement and equally poor access to postsecondary education reduces their probability for achieving competitive economic and social rewards and are inconsistent with repeated evidence that Black people articulate high aspirations for their own educational and social mobility. Despite the social needs that press us towards making better sense of 'the gap, ' we are, nevertheless, limited in our understanding of how race operates to affect Black students' educational experiences and outcomes. In Beyond Acting White we contend with one of the most oft cited explanations for Black underachievement; the notion that Blacks are culturally opposed to 'acting White' and, therefore, culturally opposed to succeeding in school. Our book uses the 'acting White' hypothesis as the point of departure in order to explore and evaluate how and under what conditions Black culture and identity are implicated in our understanding of why Black students continue to lag behind their White peers in educational achievement and attainment. Beyond Acting White provides a response to the growing call that we more precisely situate how race, its representations, intersectionalities, and context specific contingencies help us make better sense of the Black-White achievement gap.


[Full Book] Harming The Best

Harming the Best PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Eric Alan Hanushek
Category : Academic achievement
Languages : en
Pages : 27

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Harming The Best

The Black White Achievement Gap by Eric Alan Hanushek, Harming The Best Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Harming The Best books, Sizeable achievement differences by race appear in early grades, but substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap and particularly about its evolution across different parts of the achievement distribution. Texas administrative data show that the overall growth in the achievement gap between third and eighth grade is higher for students with higher initial achievement and that specific teacher and peer characteristics including teacher experience and peer racial composition explain a substantial share of the widening. The adverse effect of attending school with a high black enrollment share appears to be an important contributor to the larger growth in the achievement differential in the upper part of the test score distribution. This evidence reaffirms the major role played by peers and school quality, but also presents a policy dilemma. Teacher labor market complications, current housing patterns, legal limits in segregation efforts, and uncertainty about the overall effects of specific desegregation programs indicate that effective policy responses will almost certainly involve a set of school improvements beyond simple changes in peer racial composition and the teacher experience distribution.


[Full Book] School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap

School Quality and the Black white Achievement Gap PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Eric Alan Hanushek
Category : Academic achievement
Languages : en
Pages : 30

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School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap by Eric Alan Hanushek, School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap books, Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that schools have a substantial effect on the differential. The majority of the expansion of the achievement gap with age occurs between rather than within schools, and specific school and peer factors exert a significant effect on the growth in the achievement gap. Unequal distributions of inexperienced teachers and of racial concentrations in schools can explain all of the increased achievement gap between grades 3 and 8. Moreover, non-random sample attrition for school changers and much higher rates of special education classification and grade retention for blacks appears to lead to a significant understatement of the increase in the achievement gap with age within the ECLS and other data sets.


[Full Book] Bridging The Achievement Gap

Bridging the Achievement Gap PDF
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Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Author: John E. Chubb
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 268

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Bridging The Achievement Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap by John E. Chubb, Bridging The Achievement Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Bridging The Achievement Gap books, The achievement gap between white students and African American and Hispanic students has been debated by scholars and lamented by policymakers since it was first documented in 1966. The average black or Hispanic secondary school student currently achieves at about the same level as the average white student in the lowest quartile of white achievement. Black and Hispanic students are much less likely than white students to graduate from high school, acquire a college or advanced degree, or earn a middle-class living. They are also much more likely than whites to suffer social problems that often accompany low income. While educators have gained an understanding of the causes and effects of the education achievement gap, they have been less successful in finding ways to eliminate it—until now. This book provides, for the first time in one place, evidence that the achievement gap can be bridged. A variety of schools and school reforms are boosting the achievement of black and Hispanic students to levels nearing those of whites. Bridging the Achievement Gap brings together the findings of renowned education scholars who show how various states, school districts, and individual schools have lifted the achievement levels of poor and minority students. The most promising strategies include focusing on core academic skills, reducing class size, enrolling students in more challenging courses, administering annual achievement assessment tests, creating schools with a culture of competition and success, and offering vouchers in big-city school districts. While implementing new educational programs on a large scale is fraught with difficulties, these successful reform efforts offer what could be the start of widespread effective solutions for bridging the achievement gap.


[Full Book] Filling In The Blanks

Filling in The Blanks PDF
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Publisher: IAP
Author: Keena Arbuthnot
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 177

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Filling In The Blanks

The Black White Achievement Gap by Keena Arbuthnot, Filling In The Blanks Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Filling In The Blanks books, Filling in the Blanks is a book dedicated to helping policymakers, researchers, academics and teachers, better understand standardized testing and the Black-White achievement gap. This book provides a wealth of background information, as well as the most recent findings, about testing and measurement concepts essential to understanding standardized tests. The book then reviews theories and research that has been conducted which explain the differences in performance between Black and White test takers on many standardized tests. Most notably, Filling in the Blanks presents several new theories that address why Black students do not perform as well as their White counterparts. These theories present very novel and innovative perspectives to understanding these test performance differences. The book ends with a host of recommendations that are intended to address the concerns and questions of several stakeholder groups.


[Full Book] Class And Schools

Class and Schools PDF
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Publisher: Teachers College Press
Author: Richard Rothstein
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 210

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Class And Schools

The Black White Achievement Gap by Richard Rothstein, Class And Schools Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Class And Schools books, Contemporary public policy assumes that the achievement gap between black and white students could be closed if only schools would do a better job. According to Richard Rothstein, "Closing the gaps between lower-class and middle-class children requires social and economic reform as well as school improvement. Unfortunately, the trend is to shift most of the burden to schools, as if they alone can eradicate poverty and inequality." In this book, Rothstein points the way toward social and economic reforms that would give all children a more equal chance to succeed in school. This book features: a summary of numerous studies linking school achievement to health care quality, nutrition, childrearing styles, housing stability, parental economic security, and more ; aA look at erroneous and misleading data that underlie commonplace claims that some schools "beat the demographic odds and therefore any school can close the achievement gap if only it adopted proper practices." ; and an analysis of how the over-emphasis of standardized tests in federal law obscures the true achievement gap and makes narrowing it more difficult.


[Full Book] The Black White Test Score Gap

The Black White Test Score Gap PDF
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Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Author: Christopher Jencks
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 536

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The Black White Test Score Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap by Christopher Jencks, The Black White Test Score Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Black White Test Score Gap books, The test score gap between blacks and whites--on vocabulary, reading, and math tests, as well as on tests that claim to measure scholastic aptitude and intelligence--is large enough to have far-reaching social and economic consequences. In their introduction to this book, Christopher Jencks and Meredith Phillips argue that eliminating the disparity would dramatically reduce economic and educational inequality between blacks and whites. Indeed, they think that closing the gap would do more to promote racial equality than any other strategy now under serious discussion. The book offers a comprehensive look at the factors that contribute to the test score gap and discusses options for substantially reducing it. Although significant attempts have been made over the past three decades to shrink the test score gap, including increased funding for predominantly black schools, desegregation of southern schools, and programs to alleviate poverty, the median black American still scores below 75 percent of American whites on most standardized tests. The book brings together recent evidence on some of the most controversial and puzzling aspects of the test score debate, including the role of test bias, heredity, and family background. It also looks at how and why the gap has changed over the past generation, reviews the educational, psychological, and cultural explanations for the gap, and analyzes its educational and economic consequences. The authors demonstrate that traditional explanations account for only a small part of the black-white test score gap. They argue that this is partly because traditional explanations have put too much emphasis on racial disparities in economic resources, both in homes and in schools, and on demographic factors like family structure. They say that successful theories will put more emphasis on psychological and cultural factors, such as the way black and white parents teach their children to deal with things they do not know or understand, and the way black and white children respond to the same classroom experiences. Finally, they call for large-scale experiments to determine the effects of schools' racial mix, class size, ability grouping, and other policies. In addition to the editors, the contributors include Claude Steele, Ronald Ferguson, William G. Bowen, Philip Cook, and William Julius Wilson.


[Full Book] School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap

School Quality and the Black White Achievement Gap PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Eric A. Hanushek
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 55

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Book Description

School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap by Eric A. Hanushek, School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download School Quality And The Black White Achievement Gap books, Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that schools have a substantial effect on the differential. The majority of the expansion of the achievement gap with age occurs between rather than within schools, and specific school and peer factors exert a significant effect on the growth in the achievement gap. Unequal distributions of inexperienced teachers and of racial concentrations in schools can explain all of the increased achievement gap between grades 3 and 8. Moreover, non-random sample attrition for school changers and much higher rates of special education classification and grade retention for blacks appears to lead to a significant understatement of the increase in the achievement gap with age within the ECLS and other data sets.


[Full Book] The Color Of Mind

The Color of Mind PDF
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Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Author: Derrick Darby
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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The Color Of Mind

The Black White Achievement Gap by Derrick Darby, The Color Of Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Color Of Mind books, American students vary in educational achievement, but white students in general typically have better test scores and grades than black students. Why is this the case, and what can school leaders do about it? In The Color of Mind, Derrick Darby and John L. Rury answer these pressing questions and show that we cannot make further progress in closing the achievement gap until we understand its racist origins. Telling the story of what they call the Color of Mind—the idea that there are racial differences in intelligence, character, and behavior—they show how philosophers, such as David Hume and Immanuel Kant, and American statesman Thomas Jefferson, contributed to the construction of this pernicious idea, how it influenced the nature of schooling and student achievement, and how voices of dissent such as Frederick Douglass, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, and W. E. B. Du Bois debunked the Color of Mind and worked to undo its adverse impacts. Rejecting the view that racial differences in educational achievement are a product of innate or cultural differences, Darby and Rury uncover the historical interplay between ideas about race and American schooling, to show clearly that the racial achievement gap has been socially and institutionally constructed. School leaders striving to bring justice and dignity to American schools today must work to root out the systemic manifestations of these ideas within schools, while still doing what they can to mitigate the negative effects of poverty, segregation, inequality, and other external factors that adversely affect student achievement. While we cannot expect schools alone to solve these vexing social problems, we must demand that they address the dignitary injustices associated with how we track, discipline, and deal with special education that reinforce long-standing racist ideas. That is the only way to expel the Color of Mind from schools, close the racial achievement gap, and afford all children the dignity they deserve.


[Full Book] Model Specification Use Of Aggregate Data And The Ecological Correlation Fallacy

Model Specification  Use of Aggregate Data  and the Ecological Correlation Fallacy PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Eric Alan Hanushek
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages : 20

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Model Specification Use Of Aggregate Data And The Ecological Correlation Fallacy

The Black White Achievement Gap by Eric Alan Hanushek, Model Specification Use Of Aggregate Data And The Ecological Correlation Fallacy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Model Specification Use Of Aggregate Data And The Ecological Correlation Fallacy books,


[Full Book] School Factors And Their Impact On The Black White Achievement Gap In Eastern North Carolina

School Factors and Their Impact on the Black White Achievement Gap in Eastern North Carolina PDF
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Publisher:
Author: June L. Preast
Category : Academic achievement
Languages : en
Pages : 42

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School Factors And Their Impact On The Black White Achievement Gap In Eastern North Carolina

The Black White Achievement Gap by June L. Preast, School Factors And Their Impact On The Black White Achievement Gap In Eastern North Carolina Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download School Factors And Their Impact On The Black White Achievement Gap In Eastern North Carolina books, Since desegregation in the 1960s and 1970s, a gap in the test scores between ethnic groups has been identified, though it has probably been present for much longer. The gap between the test scores of Blacks and Whites is often termed the Black-White achievement gap. The present study used publicly available test score data, from the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction Report Cards of End-of-Grade tests, to investigate the presence of the Black-White achievement gap in Eastern North Carolina. The study also investigated the impact school factors (e.g., school size, average class size, minority composition, and AYP classification) may have on the magnitude of the Black-White achievement gap. Data from 141 elementary schools, in 23 different counties, in Eastern North Carolina were included in this study. White students (M = .78, SD = .10) performed significantly better than Black students (M = .53, SD = .12) on the R/LA EOG, t(266) = 24.26, p


[Full Book] Explaining The Black White Achievement Gap In The Context Of Family Neighborhood And School

Explaining the Black white Achievement Gap in the Context of Family  Neighborhood  and School PDF
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Publisher:
Author:
Category : Children, Black
Languages : en
Pages : 2

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Explaining The Black White Achievement Gap In The Context Of Family Neighborhood And School

The Black White Achievement Gap by , Explaining The Black White Achievement Gap In The Context Of Family Neighborhood And School Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Explaining The Black White Achievement Gap In The Context Of Family Neighborhood And School books,


[Full Book] Attitudes That Affect The Black White Achievement Gap

Attitudes that Affect the Black White Achievement Gap PDF
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Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Author: Kathryn Sarzyniak
Category : Achievement motivation in children
Languages : en
Pages : 60

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Attitudes That Affect The Black White Achievement Gap

The Black White Achievement Gap by Kathryn Sarzyniak, Attitudes That Affect The Black White Achievement Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Attitudes That Affect The Black White Achievement Gap books, This book researches the achievement gap between Black and white students and theorizes that Black students associate scholastic achievement with 'acting white' or 'selling out' African American culture. This claim is evidenced with research that focuses on academic salience, academic futility, and racial identity. The historical and educational background as well as coping strategies of African Americans are explored to determine the origin and explanations for this sentiment. Furthermore, this book considers the implications of Ebonics, African American students' dialect, in the classroom. Code-switching is noted as a means of effectively making conscious decisions about what form of language is appropriate in varying contexts. Lastly, culturally relevant teaching strategies which involve students in code-switching, literary analysis, and critical thinking are shared. These strategies offer insights on how to alter African American students' perceptions about academic success and enable students to embrace learning as a rich part of their cultural identity and a necessary step for their future.