[Full Book] Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa

Taking Action to Reduce Poverty in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author:
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 151

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Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by , Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa books, World Bank Technical Paper No. 356. The fragmentation in African financial markets and its persistence despite reforms to liberalize those markets have been difficult to explain. This paper reports findings from surveys of formal and informal institutions and their clients in Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, and Tanzania to test hypotheses explaining different aspects of fragmentation, which occurs when different market segments are poorly linked and interest rate differentials cannot be fully explained by differences in costs and risks. The study concludes that financial development strategies, and World Bank operations supporting them, should explicitly include informal and semi-formal financial institutions to improve the extent and efficiency of financial intermediation in the medium term.


[Full Book] Accelerating Poverty Reduction In Africa

Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Kathleen Beegle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 308

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Accelerating Poverty Reduction In Africa

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Kathleen Beegle, Accelerating Poverty Reduction In Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Accelerating Poverty Reduction In Africa books, Sub-Saharan Africa's turnaround over the past couple of decades has been dramatic. After many years in decline, the continent's economy picked up in the mid-1990s. Along with this macroeconomic growth, people became healthier, many more youngsters attended schools, and the rate of extreme poverty declined from 54 percent in 1990 to 41 percent in 2015. Political and social freedoms expanded, and gender equality advanced. Conflict in the region also subsided, although it still claims thousands of civilian lives in some countries and still drives pressing numbers of displaced persons. Despite Africa’s widespread economic and social welfare accomplishments, the region’s challenges remain daunting: Economic growth has slowed in recent years. Poverty rates in many countries are the highest in the world. And notably, the number of poor in Africa is rising because of population growth. From a global perspective, the biggest concentration of poverty has shifted from South Asia to Africa. Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa explores critical policy entry points to address the demographic, societal, and political drivers of poverty; improve income-earning opportunities both on and off the farm; and better mobilize resources for the poor. It looks beyond macroeconomic stability and growth—critical yet insufficient components of these objectives—to ask what more could be done and where policy makers should focus their attention to speed up poverty reduction. The pro-poor policy agenda advanced in this volume requires not only economic growth where the poor work and live, but also mitigation of the many risks to which African households are exposed. As such, this report takes a "jobs" lens to its task. It focuses squarely on the productivity and livelihoods of the poor and vulnerable—that is, what it will take to increase their earnings. Finally, it presents a road map for financing the poverty and development agenda.


[Full Book] All Hands On Deck

All Hands On Deck PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Emmanuel Skoufias
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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All Hands On Deck

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Emmanuel Skoufias, All Hands On Deck Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download All Hands On Deck books, In Sub-Saharan Africa, the scale of undernutrition is staggering; 58 million children under the age of five are too short for their age (stunted), and 14 million weigh too little for their height (wasted). Poor diets in terms of diversity, quality, and quantity, combined with illness and poor water and sanitation facilities, are linked with deficiencies of micronutrients—such as iodine, vitamin A, and iron—associated with growth, development, and immune function. In the short term, inequities in access to the determinants of nutrition increase the incidence of undernutrition and diarrheal disease. In the long term, the chronic undernutrition of children has important consequences for individuals and societies: a high risk of stunting, impaired cognitive development, lower school attendance rates, reduced human capital attainment, and a higher risk of chronic disease and health problems in adulthood. Inequities in access to services early in life contribute to the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Recent World Bank estimates suggest that the income penalty a country incurs for not having eliminated stunting when today’s workers were children is about 9†“10 percent of gross domestic product per capita in Sub-Saharan Africa. Much of the effort to date has focused on the costing, financing, and impact of nutrition-specific interventions delivered mainly through the health sector to reach the global nutrition targets for stunting, anemia, and breastfeeding, and interventions for treating wasting. However, the determinants of undernutrition are multisectoral, and the solution to undernutrition requires multisectoral approaches. An acceleration of the progress to reduce stunting in Sub-Saharan Africa requires engaging additional sectors—such as agriculture; education; social protection; and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)—to improve nutrition. This book lays the groundwork for more effective multisectoral action by analyzing and generating empirical evidence to inform the joint targeting of nutrition-sensitive interventions. Using information from 33 recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), measures are constructed to capture a child’s access to food security, care practices, health care, and WASH, to identify gaps in access among different socioeconomic groups; and to relate access to these nutrition drivers to nutrition outcomes. All Hands on Deck: Reducing Stunting through Multisectoral Efforts in Sub-Saharan Africa addresses three main questions: • Do children have inadequate access to the underlying determinants of nutrition? • What is the association between stunting and inadequate food, care practices, health, and WASH access? • Can the sectors that have the greatest impact on stunting be identified? This book provides country authorities with a holistic picture of the gaps in access to the drivers of nutrition within countries to assist them in the formulation of a more informed, evidence-based, and balanced multisectoral strategy against undernutrition.


[Full Book] Fragility And Conflict

Fragility and Conflict PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Paul Corral
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 112

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Fragility And Conflict

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Paul Corral, Fragility And Conflict Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Fragility And Conflict books, Fragility and conflict pose a critical threat to the global goal of ending extreme poverty. Between 1990 and 2015, successful development strategies reduced the proportion of the world’s people living in extreme poverty from 36 to 10 percent. But in many fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), poverty is stagnating or getting worse. The number of people living in proximity to conflict has nearly doubled worldwide since 2007. In the Middle East and North Africa, one in five people now lives in such conditions. The number of forcibly displaced persons worldwide has also more than doubled in the same period, exceeding 70 million in 2017. If current trends continue, by the end of 2020, the number of extremely poor people living in economies affected by fragility and conflict will exceed the number of poor people in all other settings combined. This book shows why addressing fragility and conflict is vital for poverty goals and charts directions for action. It presents new estimates of welfare in FCS, filling gaps in previous knowledge, and analyzes the multidimensional nature of poverty in these settings. It shows that data deprivation in FCS has prevented an accurate global picture of fragility, poverty, and their interactions, and it explains how innovative new measurement strategies are tackling these challenges. The book discusses the long-term consequences of conflict and introduces a data-driven classification of countries by fragility profile, showing opportunities for tailored policy interventions and the need for monitoring multiple markers of fragility. The book strengthens understanding of what poverty reduction in FCS will require and what it can achieve.


[Full Book] Growth And Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa

Growth and Poverty in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Channing Arndt
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 496

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Growth And Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Channing Arndt, Growth And Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Growth And Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa books, While the economic growth renaissance in sub-Saharan Africa is widely recognized, much less is known about progress in living conditions. This book comprehensively evaluates trends in living conditions in 16 major sub-Saharan African countries, corresponding to nearly 75% of the total population. It shows how some countries have seen little economic growth and progress for the poor whilst others have made impressive progress in key non-monetary indicators ofwellbeing.


[Full Book] Reducing Poverty And Investing In People

Reducing Poverty and Investing in People PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Victoria Monchuk
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 166

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Reducing Poverty And Investing In People

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Victoria Monchuk, Reducing Poverty And Investing In People Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reducing Poverty And Investing In People books, For the past two decades, Africa has experienced strong economic growth. However, high levels of chronicpoverty persist, with poor households exposed to frequent shocks and a widening gap between incomegroups in terms of human capital outcomes and access to basic services.By providing regular, reliable support to poor and vulnerable households and by helping individuals invest inproductive activities, targeted interventions such as safety nets have shown to help reduce poverty, reversethe trend of increasing inequality, and build household resilience.In the wake of the global economic crisis, an increasing number of policy makers in Africa have come to viewsafety nets as core instruments for reducing poverty and managing risk. Momentum is growing towardrationalizing public spending by better targeting measures to the poorest individuals.Reducing Poverty and Investing in People: The New Role of Safety Nets in Africa assesses the objectives,features, performance, and financing of safety nets in 22 Sub-Saharan African countries and identifies howgovernments and donors can strengthen safety net systems to better support poor and vulnerable people.Overall, the author finds that safety nets are on the rise in Africa and are beginning to evolve fromfragmented stand-alone programs into integrated systems. Social protection has started to change largelyfrom emergency food aid programs to regular, predictable safety nets including targeted cash transfers andcash-for-work programs. Some African countries, including Kenya, Rwanda, and Tanzania, are workingtoward consolidating their programs into a national system.With the timely analysis of safety nets in Africa, the encouraging results from impact evaluations, and theproductive aspects of cash transfer programs in these countries, African decision makers are now prioritizingsafety nets on their development agendas as effective instruments to reduce poverty and vulnerability.


[Full Book] Economic Reforms And The Poor

Economic Reforms and the Poor PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Alexandre Marc
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Economic Reforms And The Poor

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Alexandre Marc, Economic Reforms And The Poor Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Economic Reforms And The Poor books, For many African countries, and for developing countries in other regions, the latter half of the 1980s was a turning point in the struggle to alleviate poverty. In response to a marked deterioration in the living standards of the poor, caused by an economic crisis and the austerity measures instituted to control it, governments added explicit poverty alleviation objectives to their development policies. In cooperation with external agencies, they began to design and implement interventions such as social action programs (SAPs) and social funds (SFs) to protect the poor and some vulnerable groups from the harmful effects of the economic situation and from the transitory negative effects of economic reform. There has been a growing acceptance of these interventions in Africa as the World Bank has placed greater emphasis on protecting the poor during adjustment. The present study previewed in this brief, reviews the experience of twelve SAPs and SFs in sub-Saharan Africa. Because a number of the programs are still in progress at this writing, it is too soon to analyze their effects on poverty reduction in depth. However, performance information is increasingly available on the implementation of these programs. This report is based on data gathered from project documents and task managers of the projects and on findings by the authors during field visits.


[Full Book] World Social Report 2020

World Social Report 2020 PDF
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Publisher: United Nations
Author: Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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World Social Report 2020

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Social Report 2020 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download World Social Report 2020 books, This report examines the links between inequality and other major global trends (or megatrends), with a focus on technological change, climate change, urbanization and international migration. The analysis pays particular attention to poverty and labour market trends, as they mediate the distributional impacts of the major trends selected. It also provides policy recommendations to manage these megatrends in an equitable manner and considers the policy implications, so as to reduce inequalities and support their implementation.


[Full Book] Rural Development Strategies For Poverty Reduction And Environmental Protection In Sub Saharan Africa

Rural Development Strategies for Poverty Reduction and Environmental Protection in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Kevin M. Cleaver
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 65

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Rural Development Strategies For Poverty Reduction And Environmental Protection In Sub Saharan Africa

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Kevin M. Cleaver, Rural Development Strategies For Poverty Reduction And Environmental Protection In Sub Saharan Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rural Development Strategies For Poverty Reduction And Environmental Protection In Sub Saharan Africa books, Content Description #Includes bibliographical references (p. ).


[Full Book] Education In Sub Saharan Africa

Education in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Kirsten Majgaard
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Education In Sub Saharan Africa

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Kirsten Majgaard, Education In Sub Saharan Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Education In Sub Saharan Africa books, Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Comparative Analysis takes stock of education in Sub-Saharan Africa by drawing on the collective knowledge gained through the preparation of Country Status Reports for more than 30 countries.


[Full Book] From Evidence To Action

From Evidence to Action PDF
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Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 404

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From Evidence To Action

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, From Evidence To Action Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download From Evidence To Action books, Cash transfers have become a key social protection tool in developing countries and have expanded dramatically in the last two decades. However, the impacts of cash transfers programmes, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, have not been substantially documented. This book presents a detailed overview of the impact evaluations of these programmes, carried out by the Transfer Project and FAO’s From Protection to Production project. The 14 chapters include a review of eight country case studies: Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, as well as a description of the innovative research methodologies, political economy issues and good practices to design cash transfer programmes. The key objective of the book is to enhance the understanding of these development programmes, how they lead to a broad range of social and productive impacts and also of the role of programme evaluation in the process of developing policies and implementing programmes.


[Full Book] Global Monitoring Report 2005 Millennium Development Goals From Consensus To Momentum

Global Monitoring Report  2005  Millennium Development Goals   From Consensus to Momentum PDF
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Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
Author:
Category : Developing countries
Languages : en
Pages : 278

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Global Monitoring Report 2005 Millennium Development Goals From Consensus To Momentum

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by , Global Monitoring Report 2005 Millennium Development Goals From Consensus To Momentum Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Global Monitoring Report 2005 Millennium Development Goals From Consensus To Momentum books, The year 2005 marks an important juncture for development as the international community takes stock of implementation of the Millennium Declaration—signed by 189 countries in 2000—and discusses how progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) can be accelerated. The MDGs set clear targets for reducing poverty and other human deprivations and for promoting sustainable development. What progress has been made toward these goals, and what should be done to accelerate it? What are the responsibilities of developing countries, developed countries, and international financial institutions? Global Monitoring Report 2005 addresses these questions. This report, the second in an annual series assessing progress on the MDGs and related development outcomes, has a special focus on Sub-Saharan Africa—the region that is farthest from the development goals and faces the toughest challenges in accelerating progress. The report finds that without rapid action to accelerate progress, the MDGs will be seriously jeopardized—especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, which is falling short on all the goals. It calls on the international community to seize the opportunities presented by the increased global attention to development to build momentum for the MDGs. The report presents in-depth analysis of the agenda and priorities for action. It discusses improvements in policies and governance that developing countries need to make to achieve stronger economic growth and scale up human development and relevant key services. It examines actions that developed countries need to take to provide more and better development aid and to reform their trade policies to improve market access for developing country exports. And it evaluates how international financial institutions can strengthen and sharpen their support for this agenda. Global Monitoring Report 2005 is essential reading for development practitioners and those interested in international affairs.


[Full Book] Les Filets Sociaux En Afrique

Les filets sociaux en Afrique PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Carlo Del Ninno
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : fr
Pages : 318

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Les Filets Sociaux En Afrique

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Carlo Del Ninno, Les Filets Sociaux En Afrique Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Les Filets Sociaux En Afrique books, The need for safety nets in Sub-Saharan Africa is vast. In addition to being the world's poorest region, Sub-Saharan Africa is also one of the most unequal. In this context, redistribution must be seen as a legitimate way to fight poverty and ensure shared prosperity - and all the more so in countries where growth is driven by extractive industries that are not labor-intensive and often employ very few poor people. Given that most African countries face difficult decisions about how to allocate limited resources among a number of social programs, evidence is important. Do Safety Net programs actually benefit the poorest people? This book demonstrates with empirical evidence that it is possible to reach the poorest and most vulnerable people with safety net programs, and provides lessons for the effective use of targeting methods to achieve this outcome in the region.


[Full Book] Electricity Access In Sub Saharan Africa

Electricity Access in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Moussa P. Blimpo
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 164

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Electricity Access In Sub Saharan Africa

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Moussa P. Blimpo, Electricity Access In Sub Saharan Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Electricity Access In Sub Saharan Africa books, Access to reliable electricity is a prerequisite for the economic transformation of African economies, especially in a digital age. Yet the electricity access rate in Sub-Saharan African countries is often substantially low, households and businesses with access often face unreliable service, and the cost of the service is often among the highest in the world. This situation imposes substantial constraints on economic activities, provision of public services, adoption of new technologies, and quality of life. Much of the focus on how best to provide reliable, affordable, and sustainable electricity service to all has been on mitigating supply-side constraints. However, demand-side constraints may be as important, if not more important. On the supply side, inadequate investments in maintenance result in high technical losses; most state-owned utilities operate at a loss; and power trade, which could significantly lower the cost of electricity, is underdeveloped. On the demand side, the uptake and willingness to pay are often low in many communities, and the consumption levels of those who are connected are limited. Increased uptake and use will encourage investment to improve service reliability and close the access gap. This report shows that the fundamental problem is poverty and lack of economic opportunities rather than power. The solution lies in understanding that the overarching reasons for the unrealized potential involve tightly intertwined technical, financial, political, and geographic factors. The ultimate goal is to enable households and business to gain access, to afford to use, and utilities to recover their cost and make profits. The report makes the case that policy makers need to adopt a more comprehensive and long-term approach to electrification in the region—one centered on the productive use of electricity at affordable rates. Such an approach includes increased public and private investment in infrastructure, expanded access to credit for new businesses, improved access to markets, and additional skills development to translate the potential of expanded and reliable electricity access into substantial economic impact. Enhancing the economic capabilities of communities is the best way to achieve faster and more sustainable development progress while addressing the broad challenges of affordability, low consumption, and financial viability of utilities, as well as ensuring equitable provision between urban and rural areas.


[Full Book] Poverty And Shared Prosperity 2020

Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020 PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: World Bank
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 198

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Poverty And Shared Prosperity 2020

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by World Bank, Poverty And Shared Prosperity 2020 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Poverty And Shared Prosperity 2020 books, This edition of the biennial Poverty and Shared Prosperity report brings sobering news. The COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic and its associated economic crisis, compounded by the effects of armed conflict and climate change, are reversing hard-won gains in poverty reduction and shared prosperity. The fight to end poverty has suffered its worst setback in decades after more than 20 years of progress. The goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030, already at risk before the pandemic, is now beyond reach in the absence of swift, significant, and sustained action, and the objective of advancing shared prosperity—raising the incomes of the poorest 40 percent in each country—will be much more difficult. Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020: Reversals of Fortune presents new estimates of COVID-19's impacts on global poverty and shared prosperity. Harnessing fresh data from frontline surveys and economic simulations, it shows that pandemic-related job losses and deprivation worldwide are hitting already poor and vulnerable people hard, while also shifting the profile of global poverty to include millions of 'new poor.' Original analysis included in the report shows that the new poor are more urban, better educated, and less likely to work in agriculture than those living in extreme poverty before COVID-19. It also gives new estimates of the impact of conflict and climate change, and how they overlap. These results are important for targeting policies to safeguard lives and livelihoods. It shows how some countries are acting to reverse the crisis, protect those most vulnerable, and promote a resilient recovery. These findings call for urgent action. If the global response fails the world's poorest and most vulnerable people now, the losses they have experienced to date will be minimal compared with what lies ahead. Success over the long term will require much more than stopping COVID-19. As efforts to curb the disease and its economic fallout intensify, the interrupted development agenda in low- and middle-income countries must be put back on track. Recovering from today's reversals of fortune requires tackling the economic crisis unleashed by COVID-19 with a commitment proportional to the crisis itself. In doing so, countries can also plant the seeds for dealing with the long-term development challenges of promoting inclusive growth, capital accumulation, and risk prevention—particularly the risks of conflict and climate change.


[Full Book] Youth Employment In Sub Saharan Africa

Youth Employment in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
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Publisher: World Bank Publications
Author: Deon Filmer
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Youth Employment In Sub Saharan Africa

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Deon Filmer, Youth Employment In Sub Saharan Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Youth Employment In Sub Saharan Africa books, This book focuses on how to improve the quality of jobs and meet the aspirations of youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. It finds that a strong foundation for human capital development can be key to boosting earnings, arguing for a balanced approach that builds skills and demand for labor.


[Full Book] Comparative Development Experiences Of Sub Saharan Africa And East Asia

Comparative Development Experiences of Sub Saharan Africa and East Asia PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Ernest Aryeetey
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 492

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Comparative Development Experiences Of Sub Saharan Africa And East Asia

Taking Action To Reduce Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa by Ernest Aryeetey, Comparative Development Experiences Of Sub Saharan Africa And East Asia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Comparative Development Experiences Of Sub Saharan Africa And East Asia books, Title first publishedin 2003. This comprehensive book focuses on the prevailing conditions in Asia and Africa under various macroeconomic and sectoral themes in order to provide in depth explanations for the divergent development experiences of the two regions. Seeking to go further than the simple comparison of policies, the book carefully examines the institutional context for policy implementation within which growth and development have proceeded in the regions.