[Full Book] Power Over Rationality

Power Over Rationality PDF
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Publisher: SUNY Press
Author: Alex Roberto Hybel
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 143

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Power Over Rationality

Power Over Rationality by Alex Roberto Hybel, Power Over Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Power Over Rationality books, To most Americans, the Gulf War symbolizes the culmination of a highly sophisticated decision-making process within the Bush administration. In this highly readable and challenging book, Hybel demonstrates the shortcomings of such a view by using cognitive models to examine how the administration defined problems, identified goals, assessed alternatives, and selected options during the seven months preceding the start of the war. This book will prove to be a critical contribution to the understanding of the Bush administration's thinking process during the Gulf crisis and of the value of cognitive models in explaining foreign policy making.


[Full Book] Rationality

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Publisher: Penguin
Author: Steven Pinker
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Rationality

Power Over Rationality by Steven Pinker, Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rationality books, NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER “In our uncertain age, which can so often feel so dark and disturbing, Steven Pinker has distinguished himself as a voice of positivity.” – New York Times Can reading a book make you more rational? Can it help us understand why there is so much irrationality in the world? Steven Pinker, author of Enlightenment Now (Bill Gates’s "new favorite book of all time”) answers all the questions here Today humanity is reaching new heights of scientific understanding--and also appears to be losing its mind. How can a species that developed vaccines for Covid-19 in less than a year produce so much fake news, medical quackery, and conspiracy theorizing? Pinker rejects the cynical cliché that humans are simply irrational--cavemen out of time saddled with biases, fallacies, and illusions. After all, we discovered the laws of nature, lengthened and enriched our lives, and set out the benchmarks for rationality itself. We actually think in ways that are sensible in the low-tech contexts in which we spend most of our lives, but fail to take advantage of the powerful tools of reasoning we’ve discovered over the millennia: logic, critical thinking, probability, correlation and causation, and optimal ways to update beliefs and commit to choices individually and with others. These tools are not a standard part of our education, and have never been presented clearly and entertainingly in a single book--until now. Rationality also explores its opposite: how the rational pursuit of self-interest, sectarian solidarity, and uplifting mythology can add up to crippling irrationality in a society. Collective rationality depends on norms that are explicitly designed to promote objectivity and truth. Rationality matters. It leads to better choices in our lives and in the public sphere, and is the ultimate driver of social justice and moral progress. Brimming with Pinker’s customary insight and humor, Rationality will enlighten, inspire, and empower.


[Full Book] Rationality And Power

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Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Author: Bent Flyvbjerg
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 290

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Rationality And Power

Power Over Rationality by Bent Flyvbjerg, Rationality And Power Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rationality And Power books, In the Enlightenment tradition, rationality is considered well-defined. However, the author of this study argues that rationality is context-dependent, and that the crucial context is determined by decision-makers' political power. He uses a real-world Danish project to illustrate this theory.


[Full Book] Problems Of Rationality

Problems of Rationality PDF
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Publisher: Clarendon Press
Author: Donald Davidson
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 300

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Problems Of Rationality

Power Over Rationality by Donald Davidson, Problems Of Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Problems Of Rationality books, Problems of Rationality is the eagerly awaited fourth volume of Donald Davidson's philosophical writings. From the 1960s until his death in August 2003 Davidson was perhaps the most influential figure in English-language philosophy, and his work has had a profound effect upon the discipline. His unified theory of the interpretation of thought, meaning, and action holds that rationality is a necessary condition for both mind and interpretation. Davidson here develops this theory to illuminate value judgements and how we understand them; to investigate what the conditions are for attributing mental states to an object or creature; and to grapple with the problems presented by thoughts and actions which seem to be irrational. Anyone working on knowledge, mind, and language will find these essays essential reading.


[Full Book] Values Rationality And Power Developing Organizational Wisdom

Values  Rationality  and Power  Developing Organizational Wisdom PDF
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Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Author: Brad C. Anderson
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Values Rationality And Power Developing Organizational Wisdom

Power Over Rationality by Brad C. Anderson, Values Rationality And Power Developing Organizational Wisdom Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Values Rationality And Power Developing Organizational Wisdom books, This book presents an analysis of organizational wisdom via an embedded single case study of a group's attempt to develop and spread a medical innovation within a Canadian healthcare authority. By offering a unique insight into how values, rationality, and power interact in a real social setting, the book explores how they create positive change.


[Full Book] The Bush Administrations And Saddam Hussein

The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein PDF
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Publisher: Springer
Author: A. Hybel
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 193

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The Bush Administrations And Saddam Hussein

Power Over Rationality by A. Hybel, The Bush Administrations And Saddam Hussein Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Bush Administrations And Saddam Hussein books, The authors present a vital analysis of the foreign policy-making processes of the two Bush administrations prior to the attacks on Iraq. In a thorough comparison, they show how both presidents used historical analogies to evaluate information, relied on instinct to formulate decisions, and drew on moral language to justify their choices.


[Full Book] The Shaping Of Rationality

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Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Author: J. Wentzel van Huyssteen
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 303

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The Shaping Of Rationality

Power Over Rationality by J. Wentzel van Huyssteen, The Shaping Of Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Shaping Of Rationality books, Annotation Confronting head-on the intellectual challenges raised by postmodern thought, this volume offers a convincing defense of human reason and the legitimacy of theological reflection. Building on the line of argument pursued in his most recent writings, J. Wentzel van Huyssteen here develops his notion of a "postfoundationalist rationality", finding within the rich resources of human thought the possibility -- and vital need -- for complementary dialogue between religion and science. Learned and fully engaged with current philosophical trends, this volume is a must-read for anyone seeking a sound foundation for faith in a scientifically oriented world.


[Full Book] Rationality And The Reflective Mind

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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Keith Stanovich
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 328

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Rationality And The Reflective Mind

Power Over Rationality by Keith Stanovich, Rationality And The Reflective Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rationality And The Reflective Mind books, The author attempts to resolve the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. He shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness.


[Full Book] Rational Powers In Action

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Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Author: Sergio Tenenbaum
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Rational Powers In Action

Power Over Rationality by Sergio Tenenbaum, Rational Powers In Action Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rational Powers In Action books, Rational Powers in Action presents a conception of instrumental rationality as governing actions that are extended in time with indeterminate ends. Tenenbaum argues that previous philosophical theories in this area, in focusing on momentary snapshots of the mind of idealized agents, miss central aspects of human rationality.


[Full Book] The Handbook Of Rationality

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Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Markus Knauff
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 880

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The Handbook Of Rationality

Power Over Rationality by Markus Knauff, The Handbook Of Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Handbook Of Rationality books, The first reference on rationality that integrates accounts from psychology and philosophy, covering descriptive and normative theories from both disciplines. Both analytic philosophy and cognitive psychology have made dramatic advances in understanding rationality, but there has been little interaction between the disciplines. This volume offers the first integrated overview of the state of the art in the psychology and philosophy of rationality. Written by leading experts from both disciplines, The Handbook of Rationality covers the main normative and descriptive theories of rationality—how people ought to think, how they actually think, and why we often deviate from what we can call rational. It also offers insights from other fields such as artificial intelligence, economics, the social sciences, and cognitive neuroscience. The Handbook proposes a novel classification system for researchers in human rationality, and it creates new connections between rationality research in philosophy, psychology, and other disciplines. Following the basic distinction between theoretical and practical rationality, the book first considers the theoretical side, including normative and descriptive theories of logical, probabilistic, causal, and defeasible reasoning. It then turns to the practical side, discussing topics such as decision making, bounded rationality, game theory, deontic and legal reasoning, and the relation between rationality and morality. Finally, it covers topics that arise in both theoretical and practical rationality, including visual and spatial thinking, scientific rationality, how children learn to reason rationally, and the connection between intelligence and rationality.


[Full Book] The Politics Of Rationality

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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Charles Webel
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 228

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The Politics Of Rationality

Power Over Rationality by Charles Webel, The Politics Of Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Politics Of Rationality books, What are reason and rationality? How significant are recent postmodernist and neuroscientific challenges to these longheld notions? Should we abandon a belief in reason and an adherence to rationality? Or can reason and rationality be reformulated and reframed? And what does politics have to do with how we think about reason and why we act more or less rationally? The Politics of Rationality differs from other books with "reason" or “rationality” due to its historical, political, depth-psychological, and multidisciplinary approach to understanding reason through history. Charles P. Webel eloquently clarifies the links among ideas, their creators, the relevant mental processes, and the political cultures within which such important concepts as reasons and rationality take hold. He demonstrates how reason and rationality/irrationality have become what they mean for us today and proposes a way to rethink reason and rationality in light of the withering critiques leveled against them. In doing so, he presents a "history of reason and rationality" by examining the intellectual and political contexts of four representative theorists of reason and rationality-- Plato, Machiavelli, Kant, and Weber—and by addressing contemporary challenges posed by postmodernism, depth psychology, and neurophilosophy.


[Full Book] Rationality And Religious Commitment

Rationality and Religious Commitment PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Robert Audi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 311

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Rationality And Religious Commitment

Power Over Rationality by Robert Audi, Rationality And Religious Commitment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rationality And Religious Commitment books, Can it be rational to be religious? Robert Audi gives a persuasive positive answer through an account of rationality and a rich, nuanced understanding of what religious commitment means. It is not just a matter of belief, but of emotions and attitudes such as faith and hope, of one's outlook on the world, and of commitment to live in certain ways.


[Full Book] Rationality In The Social Sciences

Rationality in the Social Sciences PDF
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Publisher: Springer
Author: Helmut Staubmann
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Rationality In The Social Sciences

Power Over Rationality by Helmut Staubmann, Rationality In The Social Sciences Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rationality In The Social Sciences books, This volume presents for the first time a collection of historically important papers written on the concept of rationality in the social sciences. In 1939-40, the famed Austrian economist Joseph A. Schumpeter and the famous sociologist Talcott Parsons convened a faculty seminar at Harvard University on the topic of rationality. The first part includes their essays as well as papers by the Austrian phenomenologist Alfred Schütz, the sociologist Wilbert Moore, and the economist Rainer Schickele. Several younger economists and sociologists with bright futures also participated, including Alex Gerschenkron, John Dunlop, Paul M. Sweezy, and Wassily W. Leontief, who was later awarded the Nobel Prize for developing input-output analysis. The second part presents essays and commentaries written by today’s internationally noted social scientists and addressing the topic of rationality in social action from a broad range of perspectives. The book’s third and final part shares the recently discovered correspondence between the seminar principals regarding the original but failed plan to publish its proceedings. It also includes letters, not previously published, between Richard Grathoff, Walter M. Sprondel and Talcott Parsons on the rationality seminar and the exchanges between Parsons and Schütz.


[Full Book] The Power Of Shame

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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Agnes Heller
Category : Ethics.
Languages : en
Pages : 317

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The Power Of Shame

Power Over Rationality by Agnes Heller, The Power Of Shame Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Power Of Shame books,


[Full Book] Agents Under Fire

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Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Author: Angus J. L. Menuge
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 233

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Agents Under Fire

Power Over Rationality by Angus J. L. Menuge, Agents Under Fire Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Agents Under Fire books, In Agents Under Fire, Menuge defends a robust notion of agency and intentionaility against eliminative and naturalistic alternatives, showing the interconnections between the philosophy of mind, theology, and Intelligent Design.


[Full Book] Reviving Rationality

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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Michael A. Livermore
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

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Reviving Rationality

Power Over Rationality by Michael A. Livermore, Reviving Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reviving Rationality books, For decades, administrations of both political parties have used cost-benefit analysis to evaluate and improve federal policy in a variety of areas, including health and the environment. Today, this model is under grave threat. In Reviving Rationality, Michael Livermore and Richard Revesz explain how Donald Trump has destabilized the decades-long bipartisan consensus that federal agencies must base their decisions on evidence, expertise, and analysis. Administrative agencies are charged by law with protecting values like stable financial markets and clean air. Their decisions often have profound consequences, affecting everything from the safety of workplaces to access to the dream of home ownership. Under the Trump administration, agencies have been hampered in their ability to advance these missions by the conflicting ideological whims of a changing cast of political appointees and overwhelming pressure from well-connected interest groups. Inconvenient evidence has been ignored, experts have been sidelined, and analysis has been used to obscure facts, rather than inform the public. The results are grim: incoherent policy, social division, defeats in court, a demoralized federal workforce, and a loss of faith in government's ability to respond to pressing problems. This experiment in abandoning the norms of good governance has been a disaster. Reviving Rationality explains how and why our government has abandoned rationality in recent years, and why it is so important for future administrations to restore rigorous cost-benefit analysis if we are to return to a policymaking approach that effectively tackles the most pressing problems of our era.


[Full Book] Game Theory 101 The Rationality Of War

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Publisher:
Author: William Spaniel
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 198

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Game Theory 101 The Rationality Of War

Power Over Rationality by William Spaniel, Game Theory 101 The Rationality Of War Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Game Theory 101 The Rationality Of War books, William Spaniel, author of Game Theory 101: The Complete Textbook, returns with a compelling exploration of the origins of war. Using the same crystal clear logic of the Game Theory 101 series, he investigates important questions about war, including: Can two perfectly intelligent, perfectly unbiased leaders still send their countries to war with each other? Why has Iran taken its nuclear program underground (literally)? Why did the United States--the clear victors of the Spanish-American War--nevertheless write a check for more than $500 million to make Spain surrender? Why do most interstate wars end in peaceful compromise and not the military defeat of one side? Why do virtually all civil wars end the opposite way, and what makes the few peacefully settled civil wars different from the rest? How do nuclear weapons--humanity's deadliest creations--paradoxically keep the peace? Why is war the worst possible outcome of a crisis negotiation? What is the difference between preventive and preemptive war, and why on earth does the media use these terms interchangeably? Why are states as trustworthy as poker players at the bargaining table? Why do states willingly pick fights with stronger opponents and yet pacify weaker opponents? William Spaniel answers these questions by constructing game theoretical models of crisis bargaining. Fully illustrated, with more than 100 images, The Rationality of War will make you rethink everything you "know" about political violence. As consumers and producers of war, it is a must read for any citizen of a liberal democracy.


[Full Book] The Limits Of Rationality

The Limits of Rationality PDF
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Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Author: Karen Schweers Cook
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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The Limits Of Rationality

Power Over Rationality by Karen Schweers Cook, The Limits Of Rationality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Limits Of Rationality books, Prevailing economic theory presumes that agents act rationally when they make decisions, striving to maximize the efficient use of their resources. Psychology has repeatedly challenged the rational choice paradigm with persuasive evidence that people do not always make the optimal choice. Yet the paradigm has proven so successful a predictor that its use continues to flourish, fueled by debate across the social sciences over why it works so well. Intended to introduce novices to rational choice theory, this accessible, interdisciplinary book collects writings by leading researchers. The Limits of Rationality illuminates the rational choice paradigm of social and political behavior itself, identifies its limitations, clarifies the nature of current controversies, and offers suggestions for improving current models. In the first section of the book, contributors consider the theoretical foundations of rational choice. Models of rational choice play an important role in providing a standard of human action and the bases for constitutional design, but do they also succeed as explanatory models of behavior? Do empirical failures of these explanatory models constitute a telling condemnation of rational choice theory or do they open new avenues of investigation and theorizing? Emphasizing analyses of norms and institutions, the second and third sections of the book investigate areas in which rational choice theory might be extended in order to provide better models. The contributors evaluate the adequacy of analyses based on neoclassical economics, the potential contributions of game theory and cognitive science, and the consequences for the basic framework when unequal bargaining power and hierarchy are introduced.