[Full Book] Nixon And Israel

Nixon and Israel PDF
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Publisher: SUNY Press
Author: Noam Kochavi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 156

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Nixon And Israel

Nixon And Israel by Noam Kochavi, Nixon And Israel Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Nixon And Israel books, New insights into the cementing of the American-Israeli relationship during the Nixon years.


[Full Book] President Nixon And The Role Of Intelligence In The 1973 Arab Israeli War

President Nixon and the Role of Intelligence in the 1973 Arab Israeli War PDF
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Publisher: Government Printing Office
Author: Central Intelligence Agency
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 62

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President Nixon And The Role Of Intelligence In The 1973 Arab Israeli War

Nixon And Israel by Central Intelligence Agency, President Nixon And The Role Of Intelligence In The 1973 Arab Israeli War Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download President Nixon And The Role Of Intelligence In The 1973 Arab Israeli War books,


[Full Book] The Bomb In The Basement

The Bomb in the Basement PDF
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Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Author: Michael Karpin
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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The Bomb In The Basement

Nixon And Israel by Michael Karpin, The Bomb In The Basement Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Bomb In The Basement books, THE BOMB IN THE BASEMENT tells the fascinating story of how Israel became the Middle East's only nuclear power and -- unlike Iraq and Iran -- succeeded in keeping its atomic program secret. Veteran Israeli journalist Michael Karpin explains how Israel, by far the smallest of the nuclear powers, succeeded in its ambitious effort. David Ben-Gurion saw the need for an atomic capability to offset the numerical superiority of Arab armies at war with Israel. The Israeli program relied heavily on French assistance in its early years, until President Charles de Gaulle reduced his country's cooperation. Once it was discovered, Israel's nuclear program cast a shadow over relations between Israel and the United States. The Kennedy administration opposed it, and President Lyndon Johnson approved it only tacitly. Significant change took place when President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger adopted a new strategy. An Israel that possessed nuclear capability was a more valuable asset to the West than an Israel without such an option. President Nixon ceased to press Israel to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and dropped U.S. surveillance of the Israeli reactor at Dimona. In exchange, Israel committed itself to maintain official ambiguity about its nuclear program. That policy remains in place nearly forty years later. Without American approval and the financial assistance and lobbying of Jews in North America, Israel could not have achieved its nuclear capability. This is a fascinating story of scientists, politicians, spies, and major international personalities who all played a part in an extraordinary undertaking that continues to shape the politics of the world's most volatile region. Today it remains to be seen whether Israel will permit Iran to build a nuclear bomb and threaten Israel's security.


[Full Book] Master Of The Game

Master of the Game PDF
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Publisher: Knopf
Author: Martin Indyk
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 688

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Master Of The Game

Nixon And Israel by Martin Indyk, Master Of The Game Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Master Of The Game books, A perceptive and provocative history of Henry Kissinger's diplomatic negotiations in the Middle East that illuminates the unique challenges and barriers Kissinger and his successors have faced in their attempts to broker peace between Israel and its Arab neighbors. “A wealth of lessons for today, not only about the challenges in that region but also about the art of diplomacy . . . the drama, dazzling maneuvers, and grand strategic vision.”—Walter Isaacson, author of The Code Breaker More than twenty years have elapsed since the United States last brokered a peace agreement between the Israelis and Palestinians. In that time, three presidents have tried and failed. Martin Indyk—a former United States ambassador to Israel and special envoy for the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations in 2013—has experienced these political frustrations and disappointments firsthand. Now, in an attempt to understand the arc of American diplomatic influence in the Middle East, he returns to the origins of American-led peace efforts and to the man who created the Middle East peace process—Henry Kissinger. Based on newly available documents from American and Israeli archives, extensive interviews with Kissinger, and Indyk's own interactions with some of the main players, the author takes readers inside the negotiations. Here is a roster of larger-than-life characters—Anwar Sadat, Golda Meir, Moshe Dayan, Yitzhak Rabin, Hafez al-Assad, and Kissinger himself. Indyk's account is both that of a historian poring over the records of these events, as well as an inside player seeking to glean lessons for Middle East peacemaking. He makes clear that understanding Kissinger's design for Middle East peacemaking is key to comprehending how to—and how not to—make peace.


[Full Book] Kissinger And The Yom Kippur War

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Publisher: McFarland
Author: David R. Morse
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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Kissinger And The Yom Kippur War

Nixon And Israel by David R. Morse, Kissinger And The Yom Kippur War Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kissinger And The Yom Kippur War books, The 1973 Yom Kippur War marked a turning point in the “special relationship” between the United States and Israel. While previous U.S. administrations had taken a relatively even hand in the Middle East, the action saw American support of Israel become virtually unconditional. A massive airlift of military hardware to Israel brought the U.S. and the Soviet Union closer to conflict. As the war—just two weeks in duration—played out along the Suez Canal, U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew was forced to resign amidst bribery allegations. Watergate escalated, resulting in President Nixon’s near-breakdown. Despite Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s efforts to supply arms to Israel, he was stymied by resistance in the Department of Defense, which some saw as overly provocative toward the Arabs. Ostensibly a U.S. foreign policy success, the war led directly to the 1974 oil crisis and a permanent rift in U.S.–Arab relations. Drawing on Kissinger’s telephone conversations and recently declassified documents, this book tells the story of how the secretary became the chief architect of America’s Middle East policy, and how his Cold War strategy played a critical role in the decision to pursue active military involvement.


[Full Book] Advocating For Israel

Advocating for Israel PDF
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Publisher: Lexington Books
Author: Natan Aridan
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Advocating For Israel

Nixon And Israel by Natan Aridan, Advocating For Israel Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Advocating For Israel books, This study examines the triangular relationship between Israel’s diplomatic corps, the pro-Israel lobby, and various US administrations. Based on a wealth of primary source material, the author analyzes how Israel successfully established a unique relationship with the United States and created a channel of political, economic, and military aid.


[Full Book] The Illusion Of Peace

The Illusion of Peace PDF
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Publisher: Viking Adult
Author: Tad Szulc
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages : 822

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The Illusion Of Peace

Nixon And Israel by Tad Szulc, The Illusion Of Peace Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Illusion Of Peace books, Tad Szulc makes it possible to understand just what happened, and how, in foreign affairs during the Nixon years - revealing how Henry Kissinger and President Nixon together pursued parallel public and covert policies.


[Full Book] The Nixon Administration And The Middle East Peace Process 1969 1973

The Nixon Administration and the Middle East Peace Process  1969 1973 PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Boaz Vanetik
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 312

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The Nixon Administration And The Middle East Peace Process 1969 1973

Nixon And Israel by Boaz Vanetik, The Nixon Administration And The Middle East Peace Process 1969 1973 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Nixon Administration And The Middle East Peace Process 1969 1973 books, In the years following the Yom Kippur War, many studies addressed the internal and international political background prior to the war, attempting to determine causes and steps by political players and parties in Israel, Egypt, and the United States. But to date there has been no comprehensive study based on archival materials and other primary sources. Classified documents from that period have recently become available and it is now possible to examine in depth a crucial period in Middle East history generally and Israeli history in particular. The authors provide a penetrating and insightful viewpoint on the question that lies at the heart of the Israeli polity and military: Was an opportunity missed to prevent the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War? The book provides surprising answers to longstanding issues: How did National Security Adviser, Henry Kissinger, succeed in torpedoing the efforts of the State Department to bring about an interim agreement between Israel and Egypt in 1971? Would that agreement have allowed Israel to hold on to most of the Sinai Peninsula for many years and at the same time avert the outbreak of the war? Did Golda Meir reject any diplomatic initiative that came up for discussion in the years preceding the war? And Was the White House’s Middle East policy throughout 1973 a catalyst for war breaking out?


[Full Book] Peace Process

Peace Process PDF
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Publisher: Univ of California Press
Author: William B. Quandt
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 535

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Peace Process

Nixon And Israel by William B. Quandt, Peace Process Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Peace Process books, Updated through the first term of President George W. Bush, this edition analyses how each US president since Lyndon Johnson has dealt with the complex challenge of Arab-Israeli peacemaking.


[Full Book] The Nixon Record On Israel

The Nixon Record on Israel PDF
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Publisher:
Author: McGovern for President Campaign
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages : 4

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The Nixon Record On Israel

Nixon And Israel by McGovern for President Campaign, The Nixon Record On Israel Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Nixon Record On Israel books,


[Full Book] The Worst Kept Secret

The Worst Kept Secret PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: Avner Cohen
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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The Worst Kept Secret

Nixon And Israel by Avner Cohen, The Worst Kept Secret Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Worst Kept Secret books, Israel has made a unique contribution to the nuclear age. It has created a special "bargain" with the bomb. Israel is the only nuclear-armed state that does not acknowledge its possession of the bomb, even though its existence is a common knowledge throughout the world. It only says that it will not be the first to introduce nuclear weapons to the Middle East. The bomb is Israel's collective ineffable the nation's last great taboo. This bargain has a name: in Hebrew, it is called amimut, or opacity. By adhering to the bargain, which was born in a secret deal between Richard Nixon and Golda Meir, Israel has created a code of nuclear conduct that encompasses both governmental policy and societal behavior. The bargain has deemphasized the salience of nuclear weapons, yet it is incompatible with the norms and values of a liberal democracy. It relies on secrecy, violates the public right to know, and undermines the norm of public accountability and oversight, among other offenses. It is also incompatible with emerging international nuclear norms. Author of the critically acclaimed Israel and the Bomb, Avner Cohen offers a bold and original study of this politically explosive subject. Along with a fair appraisal of the bargain's strategic merits, Cohen critiques its undemocratic flaws. Arguing that the bargain has become increasingly anachronistic, he calls for a reform in line with domestic democratic values as well as current international nuclear norms. Most ironic, he believes Iran is imitating Israeli amimut. Cohen concludes with fresh perspectives on Iran, Israel, and the effort toward global disarmament.


[Full Book] The Nixon S Record On Israel

The Nixon s Record on Israel PDF
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Publisher:
Author: McGovern for President Campaign
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages : 4

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The Nixon S Record On Israel

Nixon And Israel by McGovern for President Campaign, The Nixon S Record On Israel Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Nixon S Record On Israel books,


[Full Book] Israel And The Bomb

Israel and the Bomb PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: Avner Cohen
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 470

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Israel And The Bomb

Nixon And Israel by Avner Cohen, Israel And The Bomb Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Israel And The Bomb books, Cohen focuses on a two-decade period from about 1950 until 1970, during which David Ben-Gurion's vision of making Israel a nuclear-weapon state was realized. He weaves together the story of the formative years of Israel's nuclear program, from the founding of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission in 1952, to the alliance with France that gave Israel the sophisticated technology it needed, to the failure of American intelligence to identify the Dimona Project for what it was, to the negotiations between President Nixon and Prime Minister Meir that led to the current policy of secrecy. Cohen also analyzes the complex reasons Israel concealed its nuclear program - from concerns over the Arab reaction and the negative effect of the debate at home to consideration of America's commitment to nonproliferation.