[Full Book] Mindreading Animals

Mindreading Animals PDF
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Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Robert W. Lurz
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Mindreading Animals

Mindreading Animals by Robert W. Lurz, Mindreading Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mindreading Animals books, A comprehensive examination of a hotly debated question proposes a new model for mindreading in animals and a new experimental approach. Animals live in a world of other minds, human and nonhuman, and their well-being and survival often depends on what is going on in the minds of these other creatures. But do animals know that other creatures have minds? And how would we know if they do? In Mindreading Animals, Robert Lurz offers a fresh approach to the hotly debated question of mental-state attribution in nonhuman animals. Some empirical researchers and philosophers claim that some animals are capable of anticipating other creatures' behaviors by interpreting observable cues as signs of underlying mental states; others claim that animals are merely clever behavior-readers, capable of using such cues to anticipate others' behaviors without interpreting them as evidence of underlying mental states. Lurz argues that neither position is compelling and proposes a way to move the debate, and the field, forward. Lurz offers a bottom-up model of mental-state attribution that is built on cognitive abilities that animals are known to possess rather than on a preconceived view of the mind applicable to mindreading abilities in humans. Lurz goes on to describe an innovative series of new experimental protocols for animal mindreading research that show in detail how various types of animals—from apes to monkeys to ravens to dogs—can be tested for perceptual state and belief attribution.


[Full Book] The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds PDF
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Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Author: Kristin Andrews
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 522

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The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds

Mindreading Animals by Kristin Andrews, The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds books, While philosophers have been interested in animals since ancient times, in the last few decades the subject of animal minds has emerged as a major topic in philosophy. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising nearly fifty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into eight parts: Mental representation Reasoning and metacognition Consciousness Mindreading Communication Social cognition and culture Association, simplicity, and modeling Ethics. Within these sections, central issues, debates, and problems are examined, including: whether and how animals represent and reason about the world; how animal cognition differs from human cognition; whether animals are conscious; whether animals represent their own mental states or those of others; how animals communicate; the extent to which animals have cultures; how to choose among competing models and explanations of animal behavior; and whether animals are moral agents and/or moral patients. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, ethics, and related disciplines such as ethology, biology, psychology, linguistics, and anthropology.


[Full Book] The Animal Mind

The Animal Mind PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Kristin Andrews
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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The Animal Mind

Mindreading Animals by Kristin Andrews, The Animal Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Animal Mind books, The study of animal cognition raises profound questions about the minds of animals and philosophy of mind itself. Aristotle argued that humans are the only animal to laugh, but in recent experiments rats have also been shown to laugh. In other experiments, dogs have been shown to respond appropriately to over two hundred words in human language. In this introduction to the philosophy of animal minds Kristin Andrews introduces and assesses the essential topics, problems and debates as they cut across animal cognition and philosophy of mind. She addresses the following key topics: what is cognition, and what is it to have a mind? What questions should we ask to determine whether behaviour has a cognitive basis? the science of animal minds explained: ethology, behaviourist psychology, and cognitive ethology rationality in animals animal consciousness: what does research into pain and the emotions reveal? What can empirical evidence about animal behaviour tell us about philosophical theories of consciousness? does animal cognition involve belief and concepts; do animals have a ‘Language of Thought’? animal communication other minds: do animals attribute ‘mindedness’ to other creatures? moral reasoning and ethical behaviour in animals animal cognition and memory. Extensive use of empirical examples and case studies is made throughout the book. These include Cheney and Seyfarth’s ververt monkey research, Thorndike’s cat puzzle boxes, Jensen’s research into humans and chimpanzees and the ultimatum game, Pankseep and Burgdorf’s research on rat laughter, and Clayton and Emery’s research on memory in scrub-jays. Additional features such as chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of mind, animal cognition. It will also be an excellent resource for those in fields such as ethology, biology and psychology.


[Full Book] The Philosophy Of Animal Minds

The Philosophy of Animal Minds PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Robert W. Lurz
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 308

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The Philosophy Of Animal Minds

Mindreading Animals by Robert W. Lurz, The Philosophy Of Animal Minds Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Philosophy Of Animal Minds books, Do animals think? Are they self-aware? Do they have emotions? This book explores the philosophical issues concerning animal minds.


[Full Book] K Nnen Tiere Annahmen Treffen Alasdair Macintyres Dependent Rational Animals

K  nnen Tiere Annahmen treffen  Alasdair MacIntyres  Dependent Rational Animals  PDF
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Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Author: Götz-Ulrich Luttenberger
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 18

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K Nnen Tiere Annahmen Treffen Alasdair Macintyres Dependent Rational Animals

Mindreading Animals by Götz-Ulrich Luttenberger, K Nnen Tiere Annahmen Treffen Alasdair Macintyres Dependent Rational Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download K Nnen Tiere Annahmen Treffen Alasdair Macintyres Dependent Rational Animals books, Essay aus dem Jahr 2019 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie der Gegenwart, Note: 1,0, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Arbeit setzt sich aus philosophischer Sicht mit der Frage auseinander, ob Tiere Annahmen treffen können. Das wird im Rahmen von Alasdair MacIntyres Dependent Rational Animals diskutiert. MacIntyre distanziert sich in dieser Schrift bewusst von seinem früheren Werk After Virtue. MacIntyre verwirft in Dependent Rational Animals daher seine frühere aristotelische Vorstellung, wonach es ein typisch menschliches telos gibt, das der Mensch erkennen und das er anstreben soll. Stattdessen sieht MacIntyre den Menschen nun als ein komplexes Wesen, dessen Vorstellungen vom Guten, von Normen oder von den Tugenden wir niemals richtig erklären können, ohne unsere biologische Konstitution mit in Erwägung zu ziehen. Vor diesem Hintergrund fragt der Autor, ob Tiere Annahmen treffen können. Nur wenn das der Fall ist, kann man in den biologischen Wurzeln des Menschen - so wie MacIntyre meint - eine Rechtfertigung für ethisches, menschliches Handeln finden. Ausgehend von neueren naturwissenschaftlichen Experimenten erläutert Luttenberger ausführlich, in wie weit die Fähigkeit Annahmen treffen zu können die Fähigkeit zu sprechen, Vorstellungen von wahr und falsch und eine Theory of Mind voraussetzt. Im Ergebnis verteidigt der Autor die These MacIntyres, wonach Tiere tatsächlich Annahmen treffen können. Allerdings sieht Luttenberger im Gegensatz zu MacIntyre die Relevanz für die Ethik nicht in der gegenseitigen Abhängigkeit und Verletzlichkeit menschlicher Wesen. Vielmehr ist für ihn die Fähigkeit Annahmen treffen zu können Voraussetzung für empathisches Verhalten. Erst das ererbte Sich-in-einen-anderen-hineinversetzen-können, wie es bei manchen unserer biologischen Vorfahren in Theory of Mind Experimenten nachgewiesen wurde, befähigt uns zu ethischem Verhalten.


[Full Book] Experiencing Animal Minds

Experiencing Animal Minds PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: Julie A. Smith
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Experiencing Animal Minds

Mindreading Animals by Julie A. Smith, Experiencing Animal Minds Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Experiencing Animal Minds books, In these multidisciplinary essays, academic scholars and animal experts explore the nature of animal minds and the methods humans conventionally and unconventionally use to understand them. The collection features chapters by scholars working in psychology, sociology, history, philosophy, literary studies, and art, as well as chapters by and about people who live and work with animals, including the founder of a sanctuary for chickens, a fur trapper, a popular canine psychologist, a horse trainer, and an art photographer who captures everyday contact between humans and their animal companions. Divided into five sections, the collection first considers the ways that humans live with animals and the influence of cohabitation on their perceptions of animals' minds. It follows with an examination of anthropomorphism as both a guide and hindrance to mapping animal consciousness. Chapters next examine the effects of embodiment on animals' minds and the role of animal-human interembodiment on humans' understandings of animals' minds. Final sections identify historical representations of difference between human and animal consciousness and their relevance to pre-established cultural attitudes, as well as the ways that representations of animals' minds target particular audiences and sometimes produce problematic outcomes. The editors conclude with a discussion of the relationship between the book's chapters and two pressing themes: the connection between human beliefs about animals' minds and human ethical behavior, and the challenges and conditions for knowing the minds of animals. By inviting readers to compare and contrast multiple, uncommon points of view, this collection offers a unique encounter with the diverse perspectives and theories now shaping animal studies.


[Full Book] Mindreaders

Mindreaders PDF
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Publisher: Psychology Press
Author: Ian Apperly
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Mindreaders

Mindreading Animals by Ian Apperly, Mindreaders Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mindreaders books, Theory of mind, or "mindreading" as it is termed in this book, is the ability to think about beliefs, desires, knowledge and intentions. It has been studied extensively by developmental and comparative psychologists and more recently by neuroscientists and cognitive psychologists. This book is the first to draw together these diverse findings in an account of the cognitive basis of "theory of mind", and establishes the systematic study of these abilities in adults as a new field of enquiry. Apperly focuses on perceptions, knowledge and beliefs as paradigm cases of mindreading, and uses this as a basis from which more general lessons can be drawn. The book argues that an account of the cognitive basis of mindreading is necessary for making sense of findings from neuroscience and developmental and comparative psychology, as well as for understanding how mindreading fits more broadly into the cognitive system. It questions standard philosophical accounts of mindreading, and suggests a move away from the notion that it consists simply of having a "theory of mind". This unique study into the cognitive basis of mindreading will be ideal reading for academics and advanced students from the diverse disciplines that have studied theory of mind in particular, and social cognition more generally.


[Full Book] Animal Minds Animal Ethics

Animal Minds   Animal Ethics PDF
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Publisher: transcript Verlag
Author: Klaus Petrus
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Animal Minds Animal Ethics

Mindreading Animals by Klaus Petrus, Animal Minds Animal Ethics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Animal Minds Animal Ethics books, Animal minds and animal ethics - different origins, connecting similarities. Philosophers working on questions of animal ethics usually draw on research into animal cognition and subscribe to strong positions regarding animal minds. Whereas philosophers interested in the question of animal minds sometimes draw ethical conclusions from the positions they argue for. In spite of such overlaps, these two areas of research have grown up separately. One reason for this separation stems from the institutional distinction between theoretical and practical philosophy. The principal aim of this anthology is to build bridges between the fields and different philosophical approaches of animal ethics and of animal minds and cognition.


[Full Book] Lexikon Der Mensch Tier Beziehungen

Lexikon der Mensch Tier Beziehungen PDF
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Publisher: transcript Verlag
Author: Arianna Ferrari
Category : Nature
Languages : de
Pages : 482

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Lexikon Der Mensch Tier Beziehungen

Mindreading Animals by Arianna Ferrari, Lexikon Der Mensch Tier Beziehungen Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Lexikon Der Mensch Tier Beziehungen books, Unsere Beziehung zu den »anderen« Tieren gewinnt nicht bloß mehr und mehr an gesellschaftlicher Bedeutung, sie ist auch für die Wissenschaften wieder zum Thema geworden. Mit diesem Band widmet sich zum ersten Mal ein Lexikon umfassend den Mensch-Tier-Beziehungen. Im Gegensatz zu traditionellen Einführungen in die Tierethik beschränkt sich das groß angelegte Werk aber nicht auf moralphilosophische Themen, sondern beleuchtet die Mensch-Tier-Beziehungen u.a. auch aus historischer, soziologischer, ethologischer und kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive.


[Full Book] Can Animals Be Persons

Can Animals Be Persons  PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Author: Mark Rowlands
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Can Animals Be Persons

Mindreading Animals by Mark Rowlands, Can Animals Be Persons Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Can Animals Be Persons books, Can animals be persons? To this question, scientific and philosophical consensus has taken the form of a resounding, 'No!' In this book, Mark Rowlands disagrees. Not only can animals be persons, many of them probably are. Taking, as his starting point, John Locke's classic definition of a person, as "a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself the same thinking thing, in different times and places," Rowlands argues that many animals can satisfy all of these conditions. A person is an individual in which four features coalesce: consciousness, rationality, self-awareness and other-awareness, and many animals are such individuals. Consciousness--something that is like to have an experience--is widely distributed through the animal kingdom. Many animals are capable of both causal and logical reasoning. Many animals are also self-aware, since a form of self-awareness is essentially built into the possession of conscious experience. And some animals are capable of a kind of awareness of the minds of others, quite independently of whether they possess a theory of mind. This is not just a book about animals, however. As well as being fascinating in their own right, animals, as Claude Levi-Strauss once put it, are "good to think." In this seamless interweaving of the empirical study of animal minds with philosophy and its history, this book makes a powerful case for the idea that reflection on animals allows us to better understand each of these four pillars of personhood, and so illuminates what means for any individual--animal or human--to be conscious, rational, self- and other-aware.


[Full Book] Kant And Animals

Kant and Animals PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Author: John J. Callanan
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Kant And Animals

Mindreading Animals by John J. Callanan, Kant And Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kant And Animals books, This is the first edited collection devoted entirely to the question of the role of animals in the thought of Immanuel Kant. Though the topic is not one treated systematically in his work, mentions of animals occur throughout his corpus in relation to many of his central concerns. In this volume, a team of leading scholars address issues ranging over Kant's theoretical and practical philosophy, including questions regarding the possibility of objective representation and intentionality in animals, the role of animals in Kant's scientific picture of nature, the status of our moral responsibilities to animals' welfare, and more. It also includes chapters concerning contemporary questions relating to animals and Kantian ethics and metaethics, making a use of Kant's philosophy to help contend with one of the most crucial ethics issues facing us today.


[Full Book] The Opacity Of Mind

The Opacity of Mind PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Peter Carruthers
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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The Opacity Of Mind

Mindreading Animals by Peter Carruthers, The Opacity Of Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Opacity Of Mind books, It is widely believed that people have privileged and authoritative access to their own thoughts. The Opacity of Mind challenges the consensus view and subjects the theories in question to critical scrutiny, while showing that they are not protected against the findings of cognitive science by belonging to a separate 'explanatory space'. Access to our own thoughts is almost always interpretive, grounded in perceptual awareness of our own circumstances andbehavior, together with our own sensory imagery (including inner speech). Peter Carruthers proposes and defends the Interpretive Sensory-Access (ISA) theory of self-knowledge. This is supported through examination of many different types of evidence from across cognitive science, integrating a diverse set offindings into a single well-articulated theory. One outcome is that there are hardly any kinds of conscious thought. Another is that there is no such thing as conscious agency.


[Full Book] Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy

Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Edouard Machery
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 162

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Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy

Mindreading Animals by Edouard Machery, Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy books, Experimental philosophy is one of the most active and exciting areas in philosophy today. In Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy, Elizabeth O’Neill and Edouard Machery have brought together twelve leading philosophers to debate four topics central to recent research in experimental philosophy. The result is an important and enticing contribution to contemporary philosophy which thoroughly reframes traditional philosophical questions in light of experimental philosophers’ use of empirical research methods, and brings to light the lively debates within experimental philosophers’ intellectual community. Two papers are dedicated to the following four topics: Language (Edouard Machery & Genoveva Martí) Consciousness (Brian Fiala, Adam Arico, and Shaun Nichols & Justin Sytsma) Free Will and Responsibility (Joshua Knobe & Eddy Nahmias and Morgan Thompson) Epistemology and the Reliability of Intuitions (Kenneth Boyd and Jennifer Nagel & Joshua Alexander and Jonathan Weinberg). Preliminary descriptions of each chapter, annotated bibliographies for each controversy, and a supplemental guide to further controversies in experimental philosophy (with bibliographies) help provide clearer and richer views of these live controversies for all readers.


[Full Book] Easy Mind Reading Tricks

Easy Mind Reading Tricks PDF
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Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Author: Robert Mandelberg
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 95

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Easy Mind Reading Tricks

Mindreading Animals by Robert Mandelberg, Easy Mind Reading Tricks Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Easy Mind Reading Tricks books, Reveals mind-reading secrets that anyone can learn to astound friends and family.


[Full Book] Consciousness And Intentionality

Consciousness and Intentionality PDF
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Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Author: Grant Gillett
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 263

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Consciousness And Intentionality

Mindreading Animals by Grant Gillett, Consciousness And Intentionality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Consciousness And Intentionality books, Is there an internal relationship between consciousness and intentionality? Can mental content be described in such a way so as to avoid dualism? What is the influence of social context upon consciousness, conceptions of self and mental content?This book considers questions such as these and argues for a conception of consciousness, mental content and intentionality that is anti-Cartesian in its major tenets. Focusing upon the rule governed nature of concepts and the grounding of the rules for concept use in the practical world, intentional consciousness emerges as a phenomena that depends upon social context. Given that dependence, the authors consider and set aside attempts to reduce human consciousness and intentionality to phenomena explicable at biological or neuroscientific levels. (Series A)


[Full Book] The Politics Of Species

The Politics of Species PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Raymond Corbey
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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The Politics Of Species

Mindreading Animals by Raymond Corbey, The Politics Of Species Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Politics Of Species books, Experts from a range of disciplines identify the key barriers to a definition of moral respect that includes nonhuman animals.


[Full Book] Components Of The Language Ready Brain

Components of the Language Ready Brain PDF
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Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Author: Cedric Boeckx
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Components Of The Language Ready Brain

Mindreading Animals by Cedric Boeckx, Components Of The Language Ready Brain Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Components Of The Language Ready Brain books, This volume highlights new avenues of research in the language sciences, and particularly, in the neurobiology of language. The term “language-ready brain” stresses, on the one hand, the importance of a brain-based description of our species’ linguistic capacity, and, on the other, the need to appreciate the crucial role culture plays in shaping the linguistic systems children acquire and adults use. For this reason, the focus is not put on language per se, but on our learning biases and cognitive pre-dispositions toward language. Both brain and culture are considered at two crucial levels of inquiry: phylogeny and ontogeny. In a fast-growing field like the language sciences and specifically, language evolution studies, this book has tried to capture several of the most exciting topics explored currently, sowing seeds for future investigations.