[Full Book] Mindreading Animals

Mindreading Animals PDF
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Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Robert W. Lurz
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 245

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Mindreading Animals

Mindreading Animals by Robert W. Lurz, Mindreading Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mindreading Animals books, Animals live in a world of other minds, human and nonhuman, and their well-being andsurvival often depends on what is going on in the minds of these other creatures. But do animalsknow that other creatures have minds? And how would we know if they do? In MindreadingAnimals, Robert Lurz offers a fresh approach to the hotly debated question of mental-stateattribution in nonhuman animals. Some empirical researchers and philosophers claim that some animalsare capable of anticipating other creatures' behaviors by interpreting observable cues as signs ofunderlying mental states; others claim that animals are merely clever behavior-readers, capable ofusing such cues to anticipate others' behaviors without interpreting them as evidence of underlyingmental states. Lurz argues that neither position is compelling, and proposes a way to move thedebate, and the field, forward. Lurz presents a new approach to understanding whatmindreading in animals might be, offering a bottom-up model of mental-state attribution that isbuilt upon cognitive abilities that animals are known to possess rather than on a preconceived viewof the mind applicable to mindreading abilities in humans. Lurz goes on to describe an innovativeseries of new experimental protocols for animal mindreading research that overcome a persistentmethodological problem in the field, known as the "logical problem" or "Povinelli's challenge."These protocols show in detail how various types of animals -- from apes to monkeys to ravens todogs -- can be tested for perceptual state and belief attribution.


[Full Book] The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds PDF
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Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Author: Kristin Andrews
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 522

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The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds

Mindreading Animals by Kristin Andrews, The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Routledge Handbook Of Philosophy Of Animal Minds books, While philosophers have been interested in animals since ancient times, in the last few decades the subject of animal minds has emerged as a major topic in philosophy. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising nearly fifty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into eight parts: Mental representation Reasoning and metacognition Consciousness Mindreading Communication Social cognition and culture Association, simplicity, and modeling Ethics. Within these sections, central issues, debates, and problems are examined, including: whether and how animals represent and reason about the world; how animal cognition differs from human cognition; whether animals are conscious; whether animals represent their own mental states or those of others; how animals communicate; the extent to which animals have cultures; how to choose among competing models and explanations of animal behavior; and whether animals are moral agents and/or moral patients. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, ethics, and related disciplines such as ethology, biology, psychology, linguistics, and anthropology.


[Full Book] The Oxford Handbook Of Animal Ethics

The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Tom L. Beauchamp
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :

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The Oxford Handbook Of Animal Ethics

Mindreading Animals by Tom L. Beauchamp, The Oxford Handbook Of Animal Ethics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Oxford Handbook Of Animal Ethics books, Humans encounter and use animals in a stunning number of ways. The nature of these animals and the justifiability or unjustifiabilitly of human uses of them are the subject matter of this volume. Philosophers have long been intrigued by animal minds and vegetarianism, but only around the last quarter of the twentieth century did a significant philosophical literature begin to be developed on both the scientific study of animals and the ethics of human uses of animals. This literature had a primary focus on discussion of animal psychology, the moral status of animals, the nature and significance of species, and a number of practical problems. This Oxford Handbook is designed to capture the nature of the questions as they stand today and to propose solutions to many of the major problems. Several chapters in this volume explore matters that have never previously been examined by philosophers. The authors of the thirty-five chapters come from a diverse set of philosophical interests in the History of Philosophy, the Philosophy of Mind, the Philosophy of Biology, the Philosophy of Cognitive Science, the Philosophy of Language, Ethical Theory, and Practical Ethics. They explore many theoretical issues about animal minds and an array of practical concerns about animal products, farm animals, hunting, circuses, zoos, the entertainment industry, safety-testing on animals, the status and moral significance of species, environmental ethics, the nature and significance of the minds of animals, and so on. They also investigate what the future may be expected to bring in the way of new scientific developments and new moral problems. This book of original essays is the most comprehensive single volume ever published on animal minds and the ethics of our use of animals.


[Full Book] The Animal Mind

The Animal Mind PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Kristin Andrews
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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The Animal Mind

Mindreading Animals by Kristin Andrews, The Animal Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Animal Mind books, The study of animal cognition raises profound questions about the minds of animals and philosophy of mind itself. Aristotle argued that humans are the only animal to laugh, but in recent experiments rats have also been shown to laugh. In other experiments, dogs have been shown to respond appropriately to over two hundred words in human language. In this introduction to the philosophy of animal minds Kristin Andrews introduces and assesses the essential topics, problems and debates as they cut across animal cognition and philosophy of mind. She addresses the following key topics: what is cognition, and what is it to have a mind? What questions should we ask to determine whether behaviour has a cognitive basis? the science of animal minds explained: ethology, behaviourist psychology, and cognitive ethology rationality in animals animal consciousness: what does research into pain and the emotions reveal? What can empirical evidence about animal behaviour tell us about philosophical theories of consciousness? does animal cognition involve belief and concepts; do animals have a ‘Language of Thought’? animal communication other minds: do animals attribute ‘mindedness’ to other creatures? moral reasoning and ethical behaviour in animals animal cognition and memory. Extensive use of empirical examples and case studies is made throughout the book. These include Cheney and Seyfarth’s ververt monkey research, Thorndike’s cat puzzle boxes, Jensen’s research into humans and chimpanzees and the ultimatum game, Pankseep and Burgdorf’s research on rat laughter, and Clayton and Emery’s research on memory in scrub-jays. Additional features such as chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of mind, animal cognition. It will also be an excellent resource for those in fields such as ethology, biology and psychology.


[Full Book] Mindreaders

Mindreaders PDF
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Publisher: Psychology Press
Author: Ian Apperly
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Mindreaders

Mindreading Animals by Ian Apperly, Mindreaders Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mindreaders books, Theory of mind, or "mindreading" as it is termed in this book, is the ability to think about beliefs, desires, knowledge and intentions. It has been studied extensively by developmental and comparative psychologists and more recently by neuroscientists and cognitive psychologists. This book is the first to draw together these diverse findings in an account of the cognitive basis of "theory of mind", and establishes the systematic study of these abilities in adults as a new field of enquiry. Apperly focuses on perceptions, knowledge and beliefs as paradigm cases of mindreading, and uses this as a basis from which more general lessons can be drawn. The book argues that an account of the cognitive basis of mindreading is necessary for making sense of findings from neuroscience and developmental and comparative psychology, as well as for understanding how mindreading fits more broadly into the cognitive system. It questions standard philosophical accounts of mindreading, and suggests a move away from the notion that it consists simply of having a "theory of mind". This unique study into the cognitive basis of mindreading will be ideal reading for academics and advanced students from the diverse disciplines that have studied theory of mind in particular, and social cognition more generally.


[Full Book] The Philosophy Of Animal Minds

The Philosophy of Animal Minds PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Robert W. Lurz
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 308

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The Philosophy Of Animal Minds

Mindreading Animals by Robert W. Lurz, The Philosophy Of Animal Minds Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Philosophy Of Animal Minds books, Do animals think? Are they self-aware? Do they have emotions? This book explores the philosophical issues concerning animal minds.


[Full Book] Experiencing Animal Minds

Experiencing Animal Minds PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: Julie A. Smith
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Experiencing Animal Minds

Mindreading Animals by Julie A. Smith, Experiencing Animal Minds Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Experiencing Animal Minds books, In these multidisciplinary essays, academic scholars and animal experts explore the nature of animal minds and the methods humans conventionally and unconventionally use to understand them. The collection features chapters by scholars working in psychology, sociology, history, philosophy, literary studies, and art, as well as chapters by and about people who live and work with animals, including the founder of a sanctuary for chickens, a fur trapper, a popular canine psychologist, a horse trainer, and an art photographer who captures everyday contact between humans and their animal companions. Divided into five sections, the collection first considers the ways that humans live with animals and the influence of cohabitation on their perceptions of animals' minds. It follows with an examination of anthropomorphism as both a guide and hindrance to mapping animal consciousness. Chapters next examine the effects of embodiment on animals' minds and the role of animal-human interembodiment on humans' understandings of animals' minds. Final sections identify historical representations of difference between human and animal consciousness and their relevance to pre-established cultural attitudes, as well as the ways that representations of animals' minds target particular audiences and sometimes produce problematic outcomes. The editors conclude with a discussion of the relationship between the book's chapters and two pressing themes: the connection between human beliefs about animals' minds and human ethical behavior, and the challenges and conditions for knowing the minds of animals. By inviting readers to compare and contrast multiple, uncommon points of view, this collection offers a unique encounter with the diverse perspectives and theories now shaping animal studies.


[Full Book] Animal Minds Animal Ethics

Animal Minds   Animal Ethics PDF
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Publisher: transcript Verlag
Author: Klaus Petrus
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Animal Minds Animal Ethics

Mindreading Animals by Klaus Petrus, Animal Minds Animal Ethics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Animal Minds Animal Ethics books, Animal minds and animal ethics - different origins, connecting similarities. Philosophers working on questions of animal ethics usually draw on research into animal cognition and subscribe to strong positions regarding animal minds. Whereas philosophers interested in the question of animal minds sometimes draw ethical conclusions from the positions they argue for. In spite of such overlaps, these two areas of research have grown up separately. One reason for this separation stems from the institutional distinction between theoretical and practical philosophy. The principal aim of this anthology is to build bridges between the fields and different philosophical approaches of animal ethics and of animal minds and cognition.


[Full Book] Making A Stand For Animals

Making a Stand for Animals PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Oscar Horta
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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Making A Stand For Animals

Mindreading Animals by Oscar Horta, Making A Stand For Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Making A Stand For Animals books, Engaging and thought-provoking, this book examines how humans see and treat other animals and argues that we should extend equal consideration and respect to all beings, human and nonhuman alike. Our world is plighted by ‘isms’ such as racism and sexism, but we may have overlooked a very important one: speciesism. Speciesism is a form of discrimination against those who don’t belong to a certain species. It drives us to see nonhuman animals as objects, rather than individuals with their own interests and with the ability to feel and suffer. This book questions all of the assumptions speciesism is based upon. It raises many challenging questions over humans' very complicated attitudes toward other animals. Thinking about how animals are used as well as the suffering of wild animals, and what the future may be for all beings, this book calls for society to seriously take into account the interests of all animals. For all who care about animals, or simply how to make the world a better place, this book is essential reading.


[Full Book] Kant And Animals

Kant and Animals PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Author: John J. Callanan
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Kant And Animals

Mindreading Animals by John J. Callanan, Kant And Animals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kant And Animals books, This is the first edited collection devoted entirely to the question of the role of animals in the thought of Immanuel Kant. Though the topic is not one treated systematically in his work, mentions of animals occur throughout his corpus in relation to many of his central concerns. In this volume, a team of leading scholars address issues ranging over Kant's theoretical and practical philosophy, including questions regarding the possibility of objective representation and intentionality in animals, the role of animals in Kant's scientific picture of nature, the status of our moral responsibilities to animals' welfare, and more. It also includes chapters concerning contemporary questions relating to animals and Kantian ethics and metaethics, making a use of Kant's philosophy to help contend with one of the most crucial ethics issues facing us today.


[Full Book] Are Dolphins Really Smart

Are Dolphins Really Smart  PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Justin Gregg
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 301

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Are Dolphins Really Smart

Mindreading Animals by Justin Gregg, Are Dolphins Really Smart Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Are Dolphins Really Smart books, Justin Gregg weighs up the claims made about dolphin intelligence and seperates scientific fact from fiction.


[Full Book] The Opacity Of Mind

The Opacity of Mind PDF
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Publisher: OUP Oxford
Author: Peter Carruthers
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 456

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The Opacity Of Mind

Mindreading Animals by Peter Carruthers, The Opacity Of Mind Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Opacity Of Mind books, It is widely believed that people have privileged and authoritative access to their own thoughts, and many theories have been proposed to explain this supposed fact. The Opacity of Mind challenges the consensus view and subjects the theories in question to critical scrutiny, while showing that they are not protected against the findings of cognitive science by belonging to a separate 'explanatory space'. The book argues that our access to our own thoughts is almost always interpretive, grounded in perceptual awareness of our own circumstances and behavior, together with our own sensory imagery (including inner speech). In fact our access to our own thoughts is no different in principle from our access to the thoughts of other people, utilizing the conceptual and inferential resources of the same 'mindreading' faculty, and relying on many of the same sources of evidence. Peter Carruthers proposes and defends the Interpretive Sensory-Access (ISA) theory of self-knowledge. This is supported through comprehensive examination of many different types of evidence from across cognitive science, integrating a diverse set of findings into a single well-articulated theory. One outcome is that there are hardly any kinds of conscious thought. Another is that there is no such thing as conscious agency. Written with Carruthers' usual clarity and directness, this book will be essential reading for philosophers interested in self-knowledge, consciousness, and related areas of philosophy. It will also be of vital interest to cognitive scientists, since it casts the existing data in a new theoretical light. Moreover, the ISA theory makes many new predictions while also suggesting constraints and controls that should be placed on future experimental investigations of self-knowledge.


[Full Book] Easy Mind Reading Tricks

Easy Mind Reading Tricks PDF
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Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Author: Robert Mandelberg
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 95

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Easy Mind Reading Tricks

Mindreading Animals by Robert Mandelberg, Easy Mind Reading Tricks Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Easy Mind Reading Tricks books, Reveals mind-reading secrets that anyone can learn to astound friends and family.


[Full Book] Minding Dogs

Minding Dogs PDF
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Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Author: Michele Merritt
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Minding Dogs

Mindreading Animals by Michele Merritt, Minding Dogs Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Minding Dogs books, While the past decade has seen a surge of research regarding canine cognition, this newfound interest has not caught the attention of many philosophers. Studies pertaining to dog minds have been pouring out of canine cognition labs all over the world, but they remain relatively ensconced within the scientific, sociological, and anthropological communities, and very little philosophical thought on dog cognition exists. Philosophers certainly have not shied away from theorizing about the nature of nonhuman animal cognition generally. Theories range from Cartesian disavowal of all nonhuman intelligence to arguments that even fish have complex minds and therefore humans should not eat them. Serious philosophical considerations about dogs and their relationship to humans, however, remain incredibly rare. Even less common, if not entirely nonexistent, is a critical examination of the question “What are dogs thinking?” and what asking and attempting to answer this question reveals, not so much about dogs, but about us. With Minding Dogs Michele Merritt attempts to fill two significant gaps in the philosophy of animal cognition. First, she adds to the growing discussion on canine cognition, which has been overlooked until recently and requires more consideration. Second, she takes seriously our dynamic collaborations with our canine friends as crucial to understanding both their minds and our own.


[Full Book] Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy

Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Edouard Machery
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 162

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Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy

Mindreading Animals by Edouard Machery, Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Current Controversies In Experimental Philosophy books, Experimental philosophy is one of the most active and exciting areas in philosophy today. In Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy, Elizabeth O’Neill and Edouard Machery have brought together twelve leading philosophers to debate four topics central to recent research in experimental philosophy. The result is an important and enticing contribution to contemporary philosophy which thoroughly reframes traditional philosophical questions in light of experimental philosophers’ use of empirical research methods, and brings to light the lively debates within experimental philosophers’ intellectual community. Two papers are dedicated to the following four topics: Language (Edouard Machery & Genoveva Martí) Consciousness (Brian Fiala, Adam Arico, and Shaun Nichols & Justin Sytsma) Free Will and Responsibility (Joshua Knobe & Eddy Nahmias and Morgan Thompson) Epistemology and the Reliability of Intuitions (Kenneth Boyd and Jennifer Nagel & Joshua Alexander and Jonathan Weinberg). Preliminary descriptions of each chapter, annotated bibliographies for each controversy, and a supplemental guide to further controversies in experimental philosophy (with bibliographies) help provide clearer and richer views of these live controversies for all readers.


[Full Book] Consciousness And Intentionality

Consciousness and Intentionality PDF
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Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Author: Grant Gillett
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 263

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Consciousness And Intentionality

Mindreading Animals by Grant Gillett, Consciousness And Intentionality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Consciousness And Intentionality books, Is there an internal relationship between consciousness and intentionality? Can mental content be described in such a way so as to avoid dualism? What is the influence of social context upon consciousness, conceptions of self and mental content?This book considers questions such as these and argues for a conception of consciousness, mental content and intentionality that is anti-Cartesian in its major tenets. Focusing upon the rule governed nature of concepts and the grounding of the rules for concept use in the practical world, intentional consciousness emerges as a phenomena that depends upon social context. Given that dependence, the authors consider and set aside attempts to reduce human consciousness and intentionality to phenomena explicable at biological or neuroscientific levels. (Series A)


[Full Book] Thinking About Oneself

Thinking about Oneself PDF
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Publisher: MIT Press
Author: Kristina Musholt
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Thinking About Oneself

Mindreading Animals by Kristina Musholt, Thinking About Oneself Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Thinking About Oneself books, A novel theory of self-consciousness and its development that integrates philosophical considerations with recent findings in the empirical sciences. In this book, Kristina Musholt offers a novel theory of self-consciousness, understood as the ability to think about oneself. Traditionally, self-consciousness has been central to many philosophical theories. More recently, it has become the focus of empirical investigation in psychology and neuroscience. Musholt draws both on philosophical considerations and on insights from the empirical sciences to offer a new account of self-consciousness—the ability to think about ourselves that is at the core of what makes us human. Examining theories of nonconceptual content developed in recent work in the philosophy of cognition, Musholt proposes a model for the gradual transition from self-related information implicit in the nonconceptual content of perception and other forms of experience to the explicit representation of the self in conceptual thought. A crucial part of this model is an analysis of the relationship between self-consciousness and intersubjectivity. Self-consciousness and awareness of others, Musholt argues, are two sides of the same coin. After surveying the philosophical problem of self-consciousness, the notion of nonconceptual content, and various proposals for the existence of nonconceptual self-consciousness, Musholt argues for a non-self-representationalist theory, according to which the self is not part of the representational content of perception and bodily awareness but part of the mode of presentation. She distinguishes between implicitly self-related information and explicit self-representation, and describes the transitions from the former to the latter as arising from a complex process of self–other differentiation. By this account, both self-consciousness and intersubjectivity develop in parallel.


[Full Book] The Politics Of Species

The Politics of Species PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Raymond Corbey
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 310

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The Politics Of Species

Mindreading Animals by Raymond Corbey, The Politics Of Species Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Politics Of Species books, Experts from a range of disciplines identify the key barriers to a definition of moral respect that includes nonhuman animals.