[Full Book] Gangs And Society

Gangs and Society PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: Louis Kontos
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Gangs And Society

Gangs And Society by Louis Kontos, Gangs And Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gangs And Society books, Compiled by three leading experts in the psychological, sociological, and criminal justice fields, this volume addresses timely questions from an eclectic range of positions. The product of a landmark conference on gangs, Gangs and Society brings together the work of academics, activists, and community leaders to examine the many functions and faces of gangs today. Analyzing the spread of gangs from New York to Texas to the West Coast, the book covers such topics as the spirituality of gangs, the place of women in gang culture, and the effect on gangs of a variety of educational programs and services for at-risk youth. The final chapter examines the "gang-photography phenomenon" by looking at the functions and politics of different approaches to gang photography and features a photographic essay by Donna DeCesare, an award-winning journalist.


[Full Book] Gangs And Society

Gangs and Society PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Louis Kontos
Category : FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description

Gangs And Society

Gangs And Society by Louis Kontos, Gangs And Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gangs And Society books, This volume addresses timely questions from an eclectic range of positions and brings together the work of academics, activists, and community leaders to examine the many functions and faces of gangs today. Analyzing the spread of gangs from New York to Texas to the West Coast, the book covers such topics as the spirituality of gangs, the place of women in gang culture, and the effect on gangs of a variety of educational programs and services for at-risk youth.


[Full Book] Encyclopedia Of Gangs

Encyclopedia of Gangs PDF
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Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Author: Louis Kontos
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 289

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Encyclopedia Of Gangs

Gangs And Society by Louis Kontos, Encyclopedia Of Gangs Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Gangs books, Examines gangs throughout the United States in over eighty entries covering topics such as history, the wide range of communities where gangs form, and their increasingly complex lifestyle.


[Full Book] Youth Gangs In American Society

Youth Gangs in American Society PDF
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Publisher: Cengage Learning
Author: Randall G. Shelden
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Youth Gangs In American Society

Gangs And Society by Randall G. Shelden, Youth Gangs In American Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Youth Gangs In American Society books, This comprehensive and widely respected survey of the literature on gangs and gang activities in America includes theoretical perspectives on why gangs exist, gang typologies, descriptions of gang activities, and various intervention strategies for dealing with gangs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


[Full Book] Youth Gangs In American Society

Youth Gangs in American Society PDF
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Publisher: Cengage Learning
Author: Randall G. Shelden
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Youth Gangs In American Society

Gangs And Society by Randall G. Shelden, Youth Gangs In American Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Youth Gangs In American Society books, This comprehensive and widely respected survey of the literature on gangs and gang activities in America includes theoretical perspectives on why gangs exist, gang typologies, descriptions of gang activities, and various intervention strategies for dealing with gangs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


[Full Book] Islands In The Street

Islands in the Street PDF
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Publisher: Univ of California Press
Author: Martin Sanchez-Jankowski
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Islands In The Street

Gangs And Society by Martin Sanchez-Jankowski, Islands In The Street Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Islands In The Street books, The overall goal of the research in this book was to understand gang phenomenon in the United States. In order to accomplish this goal, the author investigated gangs in different cities in order to understand what was similar in the way all gangs behaved and what was idiosyncratic to certain gangs. The research for this book took place over ten years and five months from 1978 to 1989 and will give the reader a comprehensive overview of gang behavior in the United States in that time period.


[Full Book] Youth Gangs And Community Intervention

Youth Gangs and Community Intervention PDF
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Publisher: Columbia University Press
Author: Robert Chaskin
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 296

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Youth Gangs And Community Intervention

Gangs And Society by Robert Chaskin, Youth Gangs And Community Intervention Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Youth Gangs And Community Intervention books, Although a range of program and policy responses to youth gangs exist, most are largely based on suppression, implemented by the police or other criminal justice agencies. Less attention and fewer resources have been directed to prevention and intervention strategies that draw on the participation of community organizations, schools, and social service agencies in the neighborhoods in which gangs operate. Also underemphasized is the importance of integrating such approaches at the local level. In this volume, leading researchers discuss effective intervention among youth gangs, focusing on the ideas behind, approaches to, and evidence about the effectiveness of community-based, youth gang interventions. Treating community as a crucial unit of analysis and action, these essays reorient our understanding of gangs and the measures undertaken to defeat them. They emphasize the importance of community, both as a context that shapes opportunity and as a resource that promotes positive youth engagement. Covering key themes and debates, this book explores the role of social capital and collective efficacy in informing youth gang intervention and evaluation, the importance of focusing on youth development within the context of community opportunities and pressures, and the possibilities of better linking research, policy, and practice when responding to youth gangs, among other critical issues.


[Full Book] Youth Gangs In American Society

Youth Gangs in American Society PDF
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Publisher: Cengage Learning
Author: Randall Shelden
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Youth Gangs In American Society

Gangs And Society by Randall Shelden, Youth Gangs In American Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Youth Gangs In American Society books, This comprehensive survey of the literature on gangs and gang activities in America includes theoretical perspectives on why gangs exist, gang typologies, descriptions of gang activities, and various intervention strategies for dealing with gangs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


[Full Book] Youth Street Gangs

Youth Street Gangs PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: David C. Brotherton
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 228

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Youth Street Gangs

Gangs And Society by David C. Brotherton, Youth Street Gangs Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Youth Street Gangs books, Gangs have been heavily pathologized in the last several decades. In comparison to the pioneering Chicago School's work on gangs in the 1920s we have moved away from a humanistic appraisal of and sensitivity toward the phenomenon and have allowed the gang to become a highly plastic folk devil outside of history. This pathologization of the gang has particularly negative consequences for democracy in an age of punishment, cruelty and coercive social control. This is the central thesis of David Brotherton’s new and highly contentious book on street gangs. Drawing on a wealth of highly acclaimed original research, Brotherton explores the socially layered practices of street gangs, including community movements, cultural projects and sites of social resistance. The book also critically reviews gang theory and the geographical trajectories of streets gangs from New York and Puerto Rico to Europe, the Caribbean and South America, as well as state-sponsored reactions and the enabling role of orthodox criminology. In opposition to the dominant gang discourses, Brotherton proposes the development of a critical studies approach to gangs and concludes by making a plea for researchers to engage the gang reflexively, paying attention to the contradictory agency of the gang and what gang members actually tell us. The book is essential reading for academics and students involved in the study of juvenile delinquency, youth studies, deviance, gang studies and cultural criminology.


[Full Book] A World Of Gangs

A World of Gangs PDF
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Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
Author: John Hagedorn
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 198

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A World Of Gangs

Gangs And Society by John Hagedorn, A World Of Gangs Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A World Of Gangs books, "On the street with gangs in three world cities - Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown - Hagedorn discovers that many of them have institutionalized as a strategy to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. The mhilistic appeal of gangsta rap and its ethic of survival "by any means necessary," he argues, provides vital insights into the ideology and persistence of gangs around the world. Proposing how gangs can be encouraged to overcome their violent tendencies, Hagedorn appeals to community leaders to use the urgency, outrage, and resistance common to both gang life and hip-hop to bring gangs into broader movements for social justice."--BOOK JACKET.


[Full Book] Gangs In The Caribbean

Gangs in the Caribbean PDF
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Publisher: University of West Indies Press
Author: Anthony Harriott
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 350

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Gangs In The Caribbean

Gangs And Society by Anthony Harriott, Gangs In The Caribbean Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gangs In The Caribbean books, For decades, gangs have been emerging across the globe, disrupting citizen security, the rule of law, health and education, and local economies. The Caribbean, like many other regions, has a significant gang problem. Unfortunately, however, there has been limited academic attention given to the issue. Gangs in the Caribbean is intended fill this gap by providing sound research conducted by leading Caribbean criminologists that encourages thoughtful and data driven discussions between researchers and policymakers. The book is broken into two sections. Section one focuses on the scope and nature of the Caribbean gang problem. It not only provides a cutting edge description of the Caribbean's gang problem but it also details differences between organized crime groups and street gangs, and how these differences impact the types of problems that communities face. Section two focuses on policies and programmes that have been designed and implemented to respond to Caribbean gangs, as well as what we have learned about them in terms of their effectiveness and unintended consequences. In doing so Gangs in the Caribbean provides researchers, policymakers, and students with a foundation of knowledge on a core issue confronting the Caribbean and provides these readers with a clear road map for responding to gangs in the future.


[Full Book] Who You Claim

Who You Claim PDF
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Publisher: NYU Press
Author: Robert Garot
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 260

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Who You Claim

Gangs And Society by Robert Garot, Who You Claim Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Who You Claim books, 2011 Honorable Mention for the American Sociological Association Community and Urban Section's Robert E. Park Book Award The color of clothing, the width of shoe laces, a pierced ear, certain brands of sneakers, the braiding of hair and many other features have long been seen as indicators of gang involvement. But it’s not just what is worn, it’s how: a hat tilted to the left or right, creases in pants, an ironed shirt not tucked in, baggy pants. For those who live in inner cities with a heavy gang presence, such highly stylized rules are not simply about fashion, but markers of "who you claim," that is, who one affiliates with, and how one wishes to be seen. In this carefully researched ethnographic account, Robert Garot provides rich descriptions and compelling stories to demonstrate that gang identity is a carefully coordinated performance with many nuanced rules of style and presentation, and that gangs, like any other group or institution, must be constantly performed into being. Garot spent four years in and around one inner city alternative school in Southern California, conducting interviews and hanging out with students, teachers, and administrators. He shows that these young people are not simply scary thugs who always have been and always will be violent criminals, but that they constantly modulate ways of talking, walking, dressing, writing graffiti, wearing make-up, and hiding or revealing tattoos as ways to play with markers of identity. They obscure, reveal, and provide contradictory signals on a continuum, moving into, through, and out of gang affiliations as they mature, drop out, or graduate. Who You Claim provides a rare look into young people’s understandings of the meanings and contexts in which the magic of such identity work is made manifest.


[Full Book] God S Gangs

God s Gangs PDF
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Publisher: NYU Press
Author: Edward Orozco Flores
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 230

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God S Gangs

Gangs And Society by Edward Orozco Flores, God S Gangs Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download God S Gangs books, Winner, 2014 Distinguished Contribution to Research Award presented by the Latina/o Sociology Section of the American Sociological Association Los Angeles is the epicenter of the American gang problem. Rituals and customs from Los Angeles’ eastside gangs, including hand signals, graffiti, and clothing styles, have spread to small towns and big cities alike. Many see the problem with gangs as related to urban marginality—for a Latino immigrant population struggling with poverty and social integration, gangs offer a close-knit community. Yet, as Edward Orozco Flores argues in God’s Gangs, gang members can be successfully redirected out of gangs through efforts that change the context in which they find themselves, as well as their notions of what it means to be a man. Flores here illuminates how Latino men recover from gang life through involvement in urban, faith-based organizations. Drawing on participant observation and interviews with Homeboy Industries, a Jesuit-founded non-profit that is one of the largest gang intervention programs in the country, and with Victory Outreach, a Pentecostal ministry with over 600 chapters, Flores demonstrates that organizations such as these facilitate recovery from gang life by enabling gang members to reinvent themselves as family men and as members of their community. The book offers a window into the process of redefining masculinity. As Flores convincingly shows, gang members are not trapped in a cycle of poverty and marginality. With the help of urban ministries, such men construct a reformed barrio masculinity to distance themselves from gang life.


[Full Book] Routledge International Handbook Of Critical Gang Studies

Routledge International Handbook of Critical Gang Studies PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: David Brotherton
Category : Criminology
Languages : en
Pages : 768

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Routledge International Handbook Of Critical Gang Studies

Gangs And Society by David Brotherton, Routledge International Handbook Of Critical Gang Studies Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Routledge International Handbook Of Critical Gang Studies books, "Routledge International Handbook of Critical Gang Studies is rooted in the instability, inequality and liquidity of the post-industrial era. It understands the gang as a complex and contradictory phenomenon; a socio-historical agent that reflects, responds to and creates a certain structured environment in spaces which are always in flux. International in scope and drawing on a range of sociological, criminological and anthropological traditions, it looks beyond pathological, ahistorical, and non-transformative approaches, and considers other important factors that produce the phenomenon, whether the historically entrenched racialized power structure and segregation in Chicago, the unconstrained state-abandoned development of favelas in Brazil, or the colonization, displacement and dependency of people in Central America. This handbook reflects and defines the new theoretical and empirical traditions of critical gang studies. It offers a variety of perspectives, including: A view of gangs that takes into consideration the global context and appearance of the "gang" in its various forms and stages of development, An appreciation of the gang as a socio-cultural formation, A race-ethnic and class analysis of the gang that problematizes domain assumptions such as the "underclass", Gender variations of the gang phenomenon with a particular emphasis on their intersectional properties, Relations between gangs and the political economy that address the dominant mode of production and exchange, Treatments that demonstrate the historically contingent nature of gangs and their changes across time, The contradictory impact of gang repressive policies, institutions and practices as part of a broader discussion on the nature of the state in specific societies, Critical methodologies on gangs that involve discussions of visual and textual representations and the problematics of data collection and analysis. Authoritative, multi-disciplinary and international, this book will be of interest to criminologists, sociologists and anthropologists alike, particularly those engaged with critical criminology/sociology, youth crime, delinquency, and global social inequality. The handbook will also be of interest to policy makers and those in the peacebuilding field"--


[Full Book] Dangerous Society

Dangerous Society PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Carl S. Taylor
Category : Drug abuse and crime
Languages : en
Pages : 149

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Dangerous Society

Gangs And Society by Carl S. Taylor, Dangerous Society Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dangerous Society books, "This book focuses on gangs in inner-city Detroit, but many urban centers are experiencing similar problems. In fact, no community in America, urban, suburban, or rural, has escaped the far-reaching effects of drug-related crime. No one is immune. Everyone needs to be aware of what is happening and what needs to happen"--Prologue.


[Full Book] The Youth Gang Problem

The Youth Gang Problem PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Irving A. Spergel
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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The Youth Gang Problem

Gangs And Society by Irving A. Spergel, The Youth Gang Problem Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Youth Gang Problem books, Every day there are new stories of gang-related crime: from the proliferation of illegal weapons in the streets and children dealing drugs in their schools, to innocent bystanders caught in the crossfire of never-ending gang wars. Once considered an urban phenomenon, gang violence is permeating American life, spreading to the suburbs and bringing the problem closer to home for much of America. The government, schools, social agencies, and the justice system are conspicuous by their sporadic interest in the subject and have failed to develop effective policies and programs. Existing social support mechanisms and strategies for suppressing violence have often been unsuccessful. And, state and federal policy is largely nonexistent. In The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach, Irving Spergel provides a systematic analysis of youth gangs in the United States. Based on research, historical and comparative analysis, and agency documents and the author's extensive first-hand experience, the work explores the gang problem from the perspective of community disorganization, especially population movement, and the plight of the underclass. It examines the factors of gang member personality, gang dynamics, criminal organization, and the influence of family, school, prisons, and politics, as well as the response of criminal justice agencies and community groups. Spergel describes techniques used by social agencies, schools, employment programs, criminal justice agencies, and grass-roots organizations for dealing with gangs, and recommends strategies that emphasize the use of local resources, planning, and collaborative procedures. There is no single strategy and no easy solution to the youth gang problem in the United States. There are, however, substantial steps we can take, and they must be honestly and systematically tested. Offering a practical and alternative approach to a serious social problem, The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach is a major and long-awaited contribution to this dilemma. It is required reading for criminal justice personnel, school staff, social workers, policy makers, students and scholars of urban and organizational sociology, and the general reader concerned with the youth gang problem and how to control, intervene, and prevent it.


[Full Book] The Social Order Of The Underworld

The Social Order of the Underworld PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: David Skarbek
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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The Social Order Of The Underworld

Gangs And Society by David Skarbek, The Social Order Of The Underworld Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Social Order Of The Underworld books, When most people think of prison gangs, they think of chaotic bands of violent, racist thugs. Few people think of gangs as sophisticated organizations (often with elaborate written constitutions) that regulate the prison black market, adjudicate conflicts, and strategically balance the competing demands of inmates, gang members, and correctional officers. Yet as David Skarbek argues, gangs form to create order among outlaws, producing alternative governance institutions to facilitate illegal activity. He uses economics to explore the secret world of the convict culture, inmate hierarchy, and prison gang politics, and to explain why prison gangs form, how formal institutions affect them, and why they have a powerful influence over crime even beyond prison walls. The ramifications of his findings extend far beyond the seemingly irrational and often tragic society of captives. They also illuminate how social and political order can emerge in conditions where the traditional institutions of governance do not exist.


[Full Book] Multiple Marginality And Gangs

Multiple Marginality and Gangs PDF
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Publisher: Lexington Books
Author: James Diego Vigil
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 140

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Multiple Marginality And Gangs

Gangs And Society by James Diego Vigil, Multiple Marginality And Gangs Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Multiple Marginality And Gangs books, Multiple Marginality and Gangs: Through a Prism Darkly unravels the youth gang problem in a multidimensional approach that encompasses the place, status, social control, subcultural, and identity facets of urban street gangs. The power of place and the status of persons and groups are the major forces that generate the many situations and conditions that give rise to gangs. In its simplest trajectory, Multiple Marginality can be modeled as follows: place/status to street socialization to street subculture to street identity. It is the actions and reactions among them that we fathom. As we witness detrimental or absent family influence, we also observe weaker, underfunded schools that limit educators’ reach. At the same time, there has been an increase in the militarization of law enforcement to deal with the youth street populations, the heaviest hand is that of the police. There is a causal relationship between social marginalization factors and gang membership. A psychological analysis also entails how street socialization leads to a street identity. In a place and status group, the cascading effects of marginalization have certainly affected—and mostly thwarted—social control institutions.