[Full Book] Carnival And Culture

Carnival and Culture PDF
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Publisher: Yale University Press
Author: David D. Gilmore
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 244

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Carnival And Culture

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by David D. Gilmore, Carnival And Culture Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Carnival And Culture books, An exploration of the meanings of the Andalusian carnival, focusing in particular on the songs, or coplas. The author offers translations of many of these carnival productions, and contends that they are less about revolution or politics, than about the ambivalence of all human feeling.


[Full Book] Deconstructing Gender In Carnival

Deconstructing Gender in Carnival PDF
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Publisher: transcript Verlag
Author: Valeria Sterzi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Deconstructing Gender In Carnival

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Valeria Sterzi, Deconstructing Gender In Carnival Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Deconstructing Gender In Carnival books, This book explores the complexity of the dialectic relationship between ritual-like activities and social structure; focusing on women's increasing presence in Trinidad Carnival and the ways in which their participation becomes part of the conflict over the efforts to change the basic distribution of power within society. Femininity comes forward in Caribbean carnival as the sexualized body that unmasks power relations which are simultaneously affirmed and denied. Giving attention to the ideological process through which gender relations are constructed, this event is analysed in relation to economic, political, and social factors, as well as a consequence of the changes caused by the cultural clash of colonial and postcolonial society.


[Full Book] Carnival

Carnival PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Milla Cozart Riggio
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 344

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Carnival

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Milla Cozart Riggio, Carnival Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Carnival books, This beautifully illustrated volume features work by leading writers and experts on carnival from around the world, and includes two stunning photo essays by acclaimed photographers Pablo Delano and Jeffrey Chock. Editor Milla Cozart Riggio presents a body of work that takes the reader on a fascinating journey exploring the various aspects of carnival - its traditions, its history, its music, its politics - and prefaces each section with an illuminating essay. Traditional carnival theory, based mainly on the work of Mikhail Bakhtin and Victor Turner, has long defined carnival as inversive or subversive. The essays in this groundbreaking anthology collectively reverse that trend, offering a re-definition of 'carnival' that focuses not on the hierarchy it temporarily displaces or negates, but a one that is rooted in the actual festival event. Carnival details its new theory in terms of a carnival that is at once representative and distinctive: The Carnival of Trinidad - the most copied yet least studied major carnival in the world.


[Full Book] Soccer Culture And Society In Spain

Soccer  Culture and Society in Spain PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Mariann Vaczi
Category : Sports & Recreation
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Soccer Culture And Society In Spain

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Mariann Vaczi, Soccer Culture And Society In Spain Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Soccer Culture And Society In Spain books, Spanish soccer is on top of the world, at international and club level, with the best teams and a seemingly endless supply of exciting and stylish players. While the Spanish economy struggles, its soccer flourishes, deeply embedded throughout Spanish social and cultural life. But the relationship between soccer, culture and national identity in Spain is complex. This fascinating, in-depth study shines new light on Spanish soccer by examining the role this sport plays in Basque identity, consolidated in Athletic Club of Bilbao, the century-old soccer club located in the birthplace of Basque nationalism. Athletic Bilbao has a unique player recruitment policy, allowing only Basque-born players or those developed at the youth academies of Basque clubs to play for the team, a policy that rejects the internationalism of contemporary globalised soccer. Despite this, the club has never been relegated from the top division of Spanish football. A particularly tight bond exists between fans, their club and the players, with Athletic representing a beacon of Basque national identity. This book is an ethnography of a soccer culture where origins, nationalism, gender relations, power and passion, lifecycle events and death rituals gain new meanings as they become, below and beyond the playing field, a matter of creative contention and communal affirmation. Based on unique, in-depth ethnographic research, this book investigates how a soccer club and soccer fandom affect the life of a community, interweaving empirical research material with key contemporary themes in the social sciences, and placing the study in the wider context of Spanish political and sporting cultures. Filling a key gap in the literature on contemporary Spain, and on wider soccer cultures, this book is fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in sport, anthropology, sociology, political science, or cultural and gender studies.


[Full Book] Carnival Is Woman

Carnival Is Woman PDF
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Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Author: Frances Henry
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 210

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Carnival Is Woman

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Frances Henry, Carnival Is Woman Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Carnival Is Woman books, Contributions by Darrell Gerohn Baksh, Jan de Cosmo, Frances Henry, Jeff Henry, Adanna Kai Jones, Samantha Noel, Dwaine Plaza, Philip W. Scher, and Asha St. Bernard Women are performing an ever-growing role in Caribbean Carnival. Through a feminist perspective, this volume examines the presence of women in contemporary Carnival by demonstrating not only their strength in numbers, but also the ways in which women participate in the event. While decried by traditionalists, the bikinis, beads, and feathers of “pretty mas’” convey both a newly found empowerment as a gendered resistance to oppression from men. Although research on Carnivals is substantial, especially in the Americas, the subject of women in Carnival as a topic of inquiry remains fairly new. These essays address anthropological and historical facets of women and their practices in the Trinidad Carnival, including an analysis of how women’s costuming and performance have changed over time. The modern costumes, which are well within the financial means of most mas’ players, demonstrate the new power of women who can now afford these outfits. In discussing the commodification and erotization of Carnival, the book emphasizes the unveiling of the female body and the hip-rolling sexual movements called winin or it. Through display of their bodies, contemporary women in Carnival express a form of female resistance. Intent on enjoying and expressing themselves, they seem invigorated by their place in the economy, as well as their sexuality, defying the moral controls imposed on them. Through an array of methods in qualitative research, including interviews, participant observation, and ethnography, this volume explains the new power of women in the evolution of Carnival mas’ in Trinidad amid the wider Caribbean diaspora.


[Full Book] New Orleans Carnival Balls

New Orleans Carnival Balls PDF
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Publisher: LSU Press
Author: Jennifer Atkins
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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New Orleans Carnival Balls

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Jennifer Atkins, New Orleans Carnival Balls Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download New Orleans Carnival Balls books, Mardi Gras festivities don’t end after the parades roll through the streets; rather, a large part of the celebration continues unseen by the general public. Retreating to theaters, convention centers, and banquet halls, krewes spend the post-parade evening at lavish balls, where members cultivate a sense of fraternity and reinforce the organization’s shared values through pageantry and dance. In New Orleans Carnival Balls, Jennifer Atkins draws back the curtain on the origin of these exclusive soirees, bringing to light unique traditions unseen by outsiders. The oldest Carnival organizations—the Mistick Krewe of Comus, Twelfth Night Revelers, Krewe of Proteus, Knights of Momus, and Rex—emerged in the mid-nineteenth century. These old-line krewes ruled Mardi Gras from the Civil War until World War I, and the traditions of their private balls reflected a need for group solidarity amidst a world in flux. For these organizations, Carnival balls became magical realms where krewesmen reinforced their elite identity through sculpted tableaux vivants performances, mock coronations, and romantic ballroom dancing. This world was full of possibilities: krewesmen became gods, kings, and knights, while their daughters became queens and maids. As the old-line krewes cultivated a sense of brotherhood, they used costume and movement to reaffirm their group identity, and the crux of these performances relied on a specific mode of expression—dancing. Using the concept of dance as a lens for examining Carnival balls, Atkins delves deeper into the historical context and distinctive rituals of Mardi Gras in New Orleans. Beyond presenting readers with a new means of thinking about Carnival traditions, Atkins’s work situates dance as a vital piece of historical inquiry and a mode of study that sheds new light on the hidden practices of some of the best-known krewes in the Big Easy.


[Full Book] Carnival And Power

Carnival and Power PDF
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Publisher: Springer
Author: Vicki Ann Cremona
Category : Performing Arts
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Carnival And Power

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Vicki Ann Cremona, Carnival And Power Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Carnival And Power books, This book shows how Carnival under British colonial rule became a locus of resistance as well as an exercise and affirmation of power. Carnival is both a space of theatricality and a site of politics, where the playful, participatory aspects are appropriated by countervailing forces seeking to influence, control, channel or redirect power. Focusing specifically on the Maltese islands, a tiny European archipelago situated at the heart of the Mediterranean, this work links the contrast between play and power to other Carnival realities across the world. It examines the question of power and identity in relation to different social classes and environments of Carnival play, from streets to ballrooms. It looks at satire and censorship, unbridled gaiety and controlled celebration. It describes the ways Carnival was appropriated as a power channel both by the British and their Maltese subjects, and ultimately how it was manipulated in the struggle for Malta’s independence.


[Full Book] Women And Gender In Medieval Europe

Women and Gender in Medieval Europe PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Margaret C. Schaus
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 984

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Women And Gender In Medieval Europe

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Margaret C. Schaus, Women And Gender In Medieval Europe Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Women And Gender In Medieval Europe books, From women's medicine and the writings of Christine de Pizan to the lives of market and tradeswomen and the idealization of virginity, gender and social status dictated all aspects of women's lives during the middle ages. A cross-disciplinary resource, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe examines the daily reality of medieval women from all walks of life in Europe between 450 CE and 1500 CE, i.e., from the fall of the Roman Empire to the discovery of the Americas. Moving beyond biographies of famous noble women of the middles ages, the scope of this important reference work is vast and provides a comprehensive understanding of medieval women's lives and experiences. Masculinity in the middle ages is also addressed to provide important context for understanding women's roles. Entries that range from 250 words to 4,500 words in length thoroughly explore topics in the following areas: · Art and Architecture · Countries, Realms, and Regions · Daily Life · Documentary Sources · Economics · Education and Learning · Gender and Sexuality · Historiography · Law · Literature · Medicine and Science · Music and Dance · Persons · Philosophy · Politics · Political Figures · Religion and Theology · Religious Figures · Social Organization and Status Written by renowned international scholars, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe is the latest in the Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages. Easily accessible in an A-to-Z format, students, researchers, and scholars will find this outstanding reference work to be an invaluable resource on women in Medieval Europe.


[Full Book] Cultures Communities Identities

Cultures  Communities  Identities PDF
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Publisher: Springer
Author: M. Mayo
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 217

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Cultures Communities Identities

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by M. Mayo, Cultures Communities Identities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cultures Communities Identities books, Cultures, Communities, Identities explores a wide range of cultural strategies to promote participation and empowerment in both First and Third World settings. The book starts by analysing contemporary debates on cultures, communities and identities, in the context of globalization. This sets the framework for the discussion of cultural strategies to combat social exclusion and to promote community participation in transformative agendas for local economic and social development. The final chapter focuses upon the use of cultural strategies and new technologies across national boundaries, at the global level.


[Full Book] Misogyny

Misogyny PDF
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Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Author: David D. Gilmore
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Misogyny

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by David D. Gilmore, Misogyny Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Misogyny books, "Yes, women are the greatest evil Zeus has made, and men are bound to them hand and foot with impossible knots by God."—Semonides, seventh century B.C. Men put women on a pedestal to worship them from afar—and to take better aim at them for the purpose of derision. Why is this paradoxical response to women so widespread, so far-reaching, so all-pervasive? Misogyny, David D. Gilmore suggests, is best described as a male malady, as it has always been a characteristic shared by human societies throughout the world. Misogyny: The Male Malady is a comprehensive historical and anthropological survey of woman-hating that casts new light on this age-old bias. The turmoil of masculinity and the ugliness of misogyny have been well documented in different cultures, but Gilmore's synoptic approach identifies misogyny in a variety of human experiences outside of sex and marriage and makes a fresh and enlightening contribution toward understanding this phenomenon. Gilmore maintains that misogyny is so widespread and so pervasive among men that it must be at least partly psychogenic in origin, a result of identical experiences in the male developmental cycle, rather than caused by the environment alone. Presenting a wealth of compelling examples—from the jungles of New Guinea to the boardrooms of corporate America—Gilmore shows that misogynistic practices occur in hauntingly identical forms. He asserts that these deep and abiding male anxieties stem from unresolved conflicts between men's intense need for and dependence upon women and their equally intense fear of that dependence. However, misogyny, according to Gilmore, is also often supported and intensified by certain cultural realities, such as patrilineal social organization; kinship ideologies that favor fraternal solidarity over conjugal unity; chronic warfare, feuding, or other forms of intergroup violence; and religious orthodoxy or asceticism. Gilmore is in the end able to offer steps toward the discovery of antidotes to this irrational but global prejudice, providing an opportunity for a lasting cure to misogyny and its manifestations.


[Full Book] Selling Ethnicity

Selling EthniCity PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Olaf Kaltmeier
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306

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Selling Ethnicity

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Olaf Kaltmeier, Selling Ethnicity Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Selling Ethnicity books, Bringing together a multidisciplinary team of scholars, this book explores the importance of ethnicity and cultural economy in the post-Fordist city in the Americas. It argues that cultural, political and economic elites make use of cultural and ethnic elements in city planning and architecture in order to construct a unique image of a particular city and demonstrates how the use of ethnicized cultural production - such as urban branding based on local identities - by the economic elite raises issues of considerable concern in terms of local identities, as it deploys a practical logic of capital exchange that can overcome forms of cultural resistance and strengthen the hegemonic colonization of everyday life. At the same time, it shows how ethnic communities are able to use ethnic labelling of cultural production, ethnic economy or ethno-tourism facilities in order to change living conditions and to empower its members in ways previously impossible. Of wide ranging interest across academic disciplines, this book will be a useful contribution to Inter-American studies.


[Full Book] Routledge Revivals Women And Gender In Medieval Europe 2006

Routledge Revivals  Women and Gender in Medieval Europe  2006  PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Margaret Schaus
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 944

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Routledge Revivals Women And Gender In Medieval Europe 2006

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Margaret Schaus, Routledge Revivals Women And Gender In Medieval Europe 2006 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Routledge Revivals Women And Gender In Medieval Europe 2006 books, First published in 2006, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe examines the daily reality of medieval women from all walks of life in Europe between 450 CE and 1500 CE. This reference work provides a comprehensive understanding of many aspects of medieval women and gender, such as art, economics, law, literature, sexuality, politics, philosophy and religion, as well as the daily lives of ordinary women. Masculinity in the middle ages is also addressed to provide important context for understanding women's roles. Additional up-to-date bibliographies have been included for the 2016 reprint. Written by renowned international scholars and easily accessible in an A-to-Z format, students, researchers, and scholars will find this outstanding reference work to be a valuable resource on women in Medieval Europe.


[Full Book] Transgressive Sex

Transgressive Sex PDF
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Publisher: Berghahn Books
Author: Hastings Donnan
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 290

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Transgressive Sex

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Hastings Donnan, Transgressive Sex Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Transgressive Sex books, Sex is often regarded as a dangerous business that must be rigorously controlled, regulated, and subjected to rules. Sexual acts that defy acceptable practices may be seen as variously defiling, immoral, and even unnatural. They may challenge and subvert both cultural preconceptions and the social order in a politics of sexual transgression that threatens to transform permissible boundaries and restructure bodily engagements. This collection of essays explores acts of sexual transgression that have the power to reconfigure perceptions of bodily intimacy and the social norms of interaction. Considering issues such as domestic violence, child prostitution, health and sex, teenage sex, and sex with animals across a range of settings from contemporary Oceania, the Pacific, South Africa, and southeast Asia to Euro-America, this book should interest all those who question the "naturalness" of sex, including public health workers, clinical practitioners and students of sex, sexuality, and gender in the humanities and social sciences.


[Full Book] Downtown Mardi Gras

Downtown Mardi Gras PDF
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Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Author: Leslie A. Wade
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Downtown Mardi Gras

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Leslie A. Wade, Downtown Mardi Gras Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Downtown Mardi Gras books, After Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans and the surrounding region in 2005, the city debated whether to press on with Mardi Gras or cancel the parades. Ultimately, they decided to proceed. New Orleans’s recovery certainly has resulted from a complex of factors, but the city’s unique cultural life—perhaps its greatest capital—has been instrumental in bringing the city back from the brink of extinction. Voicing a civic fervor, local writer Chris Rose spoke for the importance of Carnival when he argued to carry on with the celebration of Mardi Gras following Katrina: “We are still New Orleans. We are the soul of America. We embody the triumph of the human spirit. Hell, we ARE Mardi Gras." Since 2006, a number of new Mardi Gras practices have gained prominence. The new parade organizations or krewes, as they are called, interpret and revise the city’s Carnival traditions but bring innovative practices to Mardi Gras. The history of each parade reveals the convergence of race, class, age, and gender dynamics in these new Carnival organizations. Downtown Mardi Gras: New Carnival Practices in Post-Katrina New Orleans examines six unique, offbeat, Downtown celebrations. Using ethnography, folklore, cultural studies, and performance studies, the authors analyze new Mardi Gras’s connection to traditional Mardi Gras. The narrative of each krewe’s development is fascinating and unique, illustrating participants’ shared desire to contribute to New Orleans’s rich and vibrant culture.


[Full Book] Cajun Women And Mardi Gras

Cajun Women and Mardi Gras PDF
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Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Author: Carolyn Ware
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 233

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Cajun Women And Mardi Gras

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Carolyn Ware, Cajun Women And Mardi Gras Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cajun Women And Mardi Gras books, How Cajun women have creatively refashioned the tradition of rural Mardi Gras runs


[Full Book] Rethinking Asian Tourism

Rethinking Asian Tourism PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Author: Victor T. King
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Rethinking Asian Tourism

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Victor T. King, Rethinking Asian Tourism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rethinking Asian Tourism books, Rethinking Asian Tourism addresses some of the latest developments in on-going tourism research in Southeast Asia and the wider Asia region (encompassing, in geographical terms, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Japan, and Korea). It examines many of the emerging, as well as established, themes and issues in Asian tourism and promotes the development of critical scholarship within Asia to overcome Anglo-Western ethnocentrism in tourism studies of the region. There is some attention to such familiar concepts as authenticity, commoditisation, culture, heritage, and hosts and guests, but more especially to the diversification of phenomena which traditionally would not have been included within the parameters of tourism studies: retirees and long-stays, gastronomy, family-based leisure, popular culture, and local branding. Above all, the book addresses and develops a conceptual understanding from a multidisciplinary perspective of the character, experiences, encounters, perceptions and motivations of local, national and intra-regional tourism rather than basing concepts, perspectives, emphases and analyses on Western-Asian interactions and on transformations in the West. In this respect it encourages a shift in emphasis towards ‘Asianising’ our understanding of Asian tourism. This is one of the first volumes on Asian tourism written primarily by Asians and, as such, provides them with the opportunity to express their concerns, interests and priorities, rather than depending on the analyses and interpretations of those from outside the region. It also enables a deconstruction of the field of tourism studies, acknowledging that it is an open-ended, shifting, fluid and complex category of encounters and events generated by the processes of physical mobility.


[Full Book] The Faith And The Fury

The Faith and the Fury PDF
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Publisher: Apollo Books
Author: Maria Thomas
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 300

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The Faith And The Fury

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Maria Thomas, The Faith And The Fury Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Faith And The Fury books, In Spain, the five-year period following the proclamation of the Republic in April 1931 was marked by physical assaults upon the property and public ritual of the Spanish Catholic Church. These attacks were generally carried out by rural and urban anticlerical workers who were frustrated by the Republic's practical inability to tackle the Church's vast power. On July 17/18, 1936, a right-wing military rebellion divided Spain geographically, provoking the radical fragmentation of power in the territory which remained under Republican authority. The coup marked the beginning of a conflict which developed into a full-scale civil war. Anticlerical protagonists, with the reconfigured structure of political opportunities working in their favor, participated in an unprecedented wave of iconoclasm and violence against the clergy. During the first six months of the conflict, innumerable religious buildings were destroyed and almost 7,000 religious personnel were killed. To date, scholarly interpretations of these violent acts were linked to irrationality, criminality, and primitiveness. However, the reasons for these outbursts are more complex and deep-rooted: Spanish popular anticlericalism was undergoing a radical process of reconfiguration during the first three decades of the 20th century. During a period of rapid social, cultural, and political change, anticlerical acts took on new - explicitly political - meanings, becoming both a catalyst and a symptom of social change. After July 17/18, 1936, anticlerical violence became a constructive force for many of its protagonists: an instrument with which to build a new society. This book explores the motives, mentalities, and collective identities of the groups involved in anticlericalism, during the pre-war Spanish Second Republic and the Spanish Civil War. It will be is essential reading for all those interested in 20th-century Spanish history.


[Full Book] A Cultural History Of Madrid

A Cultural History of Madrid PDF
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Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Author: Deborah L. Parsons
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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A Cultural History Of Madrid

Carnival And Culture Sex Symbol And Status In Spain by Deborah L. Parsons, A Cultural History Of Madrid Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Cultural History Of Madrid books, Despite its international significance, Madrid has been almost entirely ignored by urban, literary and cultural studies published in English. A Cultural History of Madrid: Modernism and the Urban Spectacle corrects that oversight by presenting an urban and cultural history of the city from the turn of the century to the early 1930s. Between 1900 and 1930, Madrids population doubled to almost one million, with less than half the population being indigenous to the city itself. Far from the Castilian capital it was made out to be, Madrid was fast becoming a socially magnetic, increasingly secular and cosmopolitan metropolis. Parsons explores the interface between elite, mass and popular culture in Madrid while considering the construction of a modern madrileo identity that developed alongside urban and social modernization. She emphasizes the interconnection of art and popular culture in the creation of a metropolitan personality and temperament. The book draws on literary, theatrical, cinematic and photographic texts, including the work of such figures as Ramn Mesonero Romanos, Benito Prez Galds, Po Baroja, Ramn Gomez de la Serna, Ramn Valle-Incln and Maruja Mallo. In addition, the author examines the development of new urban-based art forms and entertainments such as the zarzuela, music halls and cinema, and considers their interaction with more traditional cultural identities and activities. In arguing that traditional aspects of culture were incorporated into the everyday life of urban modernity, Parsons shows how the boundaries between high and low culture became increasingly blurred as a new identity influenced by modern consumerism emerged. She investigates the interaction of the geographical landscape of the city with its expression in both the popular imagination and in aesthetic representations, detailing and interrogating the new freedoms, desires and perspectives of the Madrid modernista.