[Full Book] Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment   Scientific Report PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: ACIA - Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1042

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Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by ACIA - Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report books, Arctic Climate Impact Assessment was prepared by an international team of over 300 scientists, experts, and knowledgeable members of indigenous communities, and is the most comprehensive volume on Arctic climate change available. Illustrated in full color throughout.


[Full Book] Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment

Impacts of a Warming Arctic   Arctic Climate Impact Assessment PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Susan Hassol
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 139

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Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Susan Hassol, Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment books, Plain-language synthesis of key findings of Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, for policymakers and broader public.


[Full Book] Climate Change And Arctic Sustainable Development

Climate Change and Arctic Sustainable Development PDF
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Publisher: UNESCO
Author: UNESCO
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 357

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Climate Change And Arctic Sustainable Development

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by UNESCO, Climate Change And Arctic Sustainable Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Climate Change And Arctic Sustainable Development books, The Arctic is undergoing rapid and dramatic environmental and social transformations due to climate change. This has ramifications for the entire planet, as change spreads through interconnected global networks that are environmental, cultural, economic and political. Today, with the major thrust of research shifting away from deciphering causes and monitoring trends, the central preoccupation of a growing circle of actors has become the exploration of strategies for responding and adapting to climate change. But to understand the far-reaching nature of climate change impacts and the complexities of adaptation, a truly interdisciplinary approach is required. Unique in the UN system, UNESCO brings together the domains of natural sciences, social sciences,culture, education and communication. Given this broad mandate, UNESCO favors integrated approaches for monitoring and adapting to climate change in the Arctic, fostering dialogue among scientists, circumpolar communities and decision-makers. This book brings together the knowledge, concerns and visions of leading Arctic scientists in the natural and social sciences, prominent Chukchi, Even, Inuit and Saami leaders from across the circumpolar North, and international experts in education, health and ethics. They highlight the urgent need for a sustained interdisciplinary and multi-actor approach to monitoring, managing and responding to climate change in the Arctic, and explore avenues by which this can be achieved.--Publisher's description.


[Full Book] Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment

Impacts of a Warming Arctic   Arctic Climate Impact Assessment PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144

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Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Impacts Of A Warming Arctic Arctic Climate Impact Assessment books, The Arctic is now experiencing some of the most rapid and severe climate change on earth. Over the next 100 years, climate change is expected to accelerate, contributing to major physical, ecological, social, and economic changes, many of which have already begun. Changes in arctic climate will also affect the rest of the world through increased global warming and rising sea levels. Impacts of a Warming Arctic is a plain language synthesis of the key findings of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA), designed to be accessible to policymakers and the broader public. The ACIA is a comprehensively researched, fully referenced, and independently reviewed evaluation of arctic climate change. It has involved an international effort by hundreds of scientists. This report provides vital information to society as it contemplates its responses to one of the greatest challenges of our time. It is illustrated in full color throughout.


[Full Book] Review Of The Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment PDF
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Publisher: National Academies Press
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 206

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Review Of The Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Review Of The Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Review Of The Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment books, Climate change poses many challenges that affect society and the natural world. With these challenges, however, come opportunities to respond. By taking steps to adapt to and mitigate climate change, the risks to society and the impacts of continued climate change can be lessened. The National Climate Assessment, coordinated by the U.S. Global Change Research Program, is a mandated report intended to inform response decisions. Required to be developed every four years, these reports provide the most comprehensive and up-to-date evaluation of climate change impacts available for the United States, making them a unique and important climate change document. The draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) report reviewed here addresses a wide range of topics of high importance to the United States and society more broadly, extending from human health and community well-being, to the built environment, to businesses and economies, to ecosystems and natural resources. This report evaluates the draft NCA4 to determine if it meets the requirements of the federal mandate, whether it provides accurate information grounded in the scientific literature, and whether it effectively communicates climate science, impacts, and responses for general audiences including the public, decision makers, and other stakeholders.


[Full Book] Predicting The Future Of Marine Fish And Fisheries Off Labrador And Eastern Newfoundland Under Scenarios Of Climate Change Information And Thoughts For The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Acia

Predicting the Future of Marine Fish and Fisheries Off Labrador and Eastern Newfoundland Under Scenarios of Climate Change   Information and Thoughts for the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment  ACIA  PDF
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Publisher:
Author: G. R. Lilly
Category : Climatic changes
Languages : en
Pages : 35

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Predicting The Future Of Marine Fish And Fisheries Off Labrador And Eastern Newfoundland Under Scenarios Of Climate Change Information And Thoughts For The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Acia

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by G. R. Lilly, Predicting The Future Of Marine Fish And Fisheries Off Labrador And Eastern Newfoundland Under Scenarios Of Climate Change Information And Thoughts For The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Acia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Predicting The Future Of Marine Fish And Fisheries Off Labrador And Eastern Newfoundland Under Scenarios Of Climate Change Information And Thoughts For The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Acia books,


[Full Book] The Greenland Ice Sheet In A Changing Climate

The Greenland Ice Sheet in a Changing Climate PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Dorthe Dahl-Jensen
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 115

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The Greenland Ice Sheet In A Changing Climate

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Dorthe Dahl-Jensen, The Greenland Ice Sheet In A Changing Climate Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Greenland Ice Sheet In A Changing Climate books, This report presents a summary of the initial scientifi c fi ndings of work conducted on the Greenland Ice Sheet (GRIS) component of the Arctic Council's Cryosphere project - Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA). It is a summary of the comprehensive and fully-referenced scientifi c and technical report entitled e Greenland Ice Sheet in a Changing Climate: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA). The SWIPA project was established by the Arctic Council in April 2008 as a follow-up to the 2005 Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA). Its goal is to assess current scientifi c information on changes in the Arctic cryosphere, including the impacts due to changes in the cryosphere that have potentially far reaching implications for both the Arctic and the Earth as a whole. The SWIPA project is coordinated by the Arctic Council's Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) in cooperation with the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), International Arctic Social Sciences Association (IASSA), International Polar Year, and WCRP-CliC Program (for further information see www.amap.no/swipa). The Greenland Ice Sheet component of the SWIPA project is led by Denmark. Th is summary report is also available in Chinese, Danish, French, Greenlandic and Russian translations; however, the English language version constitutes the official version of the report. The SWIPA-GRIS reports, together with other SWIPA products, will be presented at the UNFCCC COP15 meeting in Copenhagen in December 2009. The results of the SWIPA project will also be provided to the UNFCCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for use in future IPCC assessments. AMAP would like to thank all of the scientific experts that have contributed to this assessment. A list of the authors and contributors of the scientific background report is included in the colophon to this report. Thanks are also due to Carolyn Symon for preparing this summary.


[Full Book] Understanding Present And Past Arctic Environments

Understanding Present and Past Arctic Environments PDF
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Publisher: Elsevier
Author: Neloy Khare
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520

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Understanding Present And Past Arctic Environments

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Neloy Khare, Understanding Present And Past Arctic Environments Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Understanding Present And Past Arctic Environments books, Understanding Present and Past Arctic Environments: An Integrated Approach from Climate Change Perspectives provides a fully comprehensive overview of the past, present and future outlook for this incredibly diverse and important region. Through a series of contributed chapters, the book explores changes to this environment that are attributed to the effects of climate change. The book explores the current effects climate change has had on Arctic environments and ecosystems, our current understanding of the effects climate change is having, the effects climate change is having on the atmospheric and ocean processes in this region. The Arctic region is predicted to experience the earliest and most pronounced global warming response to human-induced climatic change, thus a better understanding is vital. Presents a thorough understanding of the Arctic, it’s past, present and future Provides an integrated assessment of the Arctic climate system, recognizing that a true understanding of its functions lies in appreciating the interactions and linkages among its various components Brings together many of the world's leading Arctic researchers to describe this diverse environment and its ecology


[Full Book] Climate Change And Indigenous Peoples

Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples PDF
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Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Author: Randall Abate
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 590

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Climate Change And Indigenous Peoples

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Randall Abate, Climate Change And Indigenous Peoples Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Climate Change And Indigenous Peoples books, 'Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples offers the most comprehensive resource for advancing our understanding of one of the least coherently developed of climate change policy realms – legal protection of vulnerable indigenous populations. The first part of the book provides a tremendously useful background on the cultural, policy, and legal context of indigenous peoples, with special emphasis on developing general principles for climate change mitigation and adaptation solutions. The remainder of the volume then carefully and thoroughly works through how those general principles play out for different regional indigenous populations around the globe. All of the contributions to the volume are by leading experts who bring their insights and innovative thinking to bear on a truly complex subject. Whether as a novice's starting point or expert's desktop reference, I cannot think of a more useful resource for anyone interested in climate policy for indigenous peoples.' – J.B. Ruhl, Vanderbilt University Law School, US 'In Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples, editors Randy Abate and Elizabeth Kronk have assembled a truly comprehensive and informative look at the special issues that indigenous peoples face as a result of climate impacts and an overview of the law – international and domestic, climate change and human rights, substantive and procedural – that applies to those issues. One of the great strengths of the book is that no group of indigenous people is made to stand proxy for all the others; instead, after exploring the general issues facing all indigenous peoples and the general legal strategies they use, the book focuses most of its attention on the specific climate change issues that confront particular groups – South American indigenous peoples; the various tribes of Native Americans in the US; the indigenous peoples of the Arctic, collectively as well as in respect to particular Arctic countries; Pacific Islanders; indigenous peoples in Asia; the various groups of Aborigines and Torres Islanders in Australia; the Maori on New Zealand; and several tribes in Kenya, Africa. For people interested in climate change and climate change adaptation, this book provides a unique overview of the special vulnerabilities and plights of indigenous peoples, issues that must be considered as the world works to formulate effective and protective climate change adaptation policies. For people interested in indigenous peoples and international human rights, this book paints a grim picture of the various ways in which climate change threatens this very diverse group of cultural entities and the deep knowledge of place that they usually possess, while at the same time offering hope that the law can find ways to keep them from disappearing – and, indeed, that indigenous peoples might just help the rest of us to survive, as well.' – Robin Kundis Craig, University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law, US 'It is one of the world's cruelest ironies that some of the earliest effects of climate change are being felt by indigenous populations around the world, even though they contributed no more than trivial amounts of the greenhouse gases that are at the root of much of the problem, and they are so politically and economically powerless that they played no role in the decisions that have led to their plight. At the same time, many of these populations are victimized by certain actions designed to reduce emissions, such as land clearing for biofuels cultivation, and restrictions on forest use. Professors Abate and Kronk have assembled a formidable collection of experts from around the world who demonstrate the diversity of challenges facing these indigenous peoples, and the opportunities and challenges in using various international and domestic legal tools to seek redress. This book will be an invaluable resource for all those examining the legal remedies that may be available, either now or as the law develops in the years to come.' – Michael B. Gerrard, Columbia Law School, US This timely volume explores the ways in which indigenous peoples across the world are challenged by climate change impacts, and discusses the legal resources available to confront those challenges. Indigenous peoples occupy a unique niche within the climate justice movement, as many indigenous communities live subsistence lifestyles that are severely disrupted by the effects of climate change. Additionally, in many parts of the world, domestic law is applied differently to indigenous peoples than it is to their non-indigenous peers, further complicating the quest for legal remedies. The contributors to this book bring a range of expert legal perspectives to this complex discussion, offering both a comprehensive explanation of climate change-related problems faced by indigenous communities and a breakdown of various real world attempts to devise workable legal solutions. Regions covered include North and South America (Brazil, Canada, the US and the Arctic), the Pacific Islands (Fiji, Tuvalu and the Federated States of Micronesia), Australia and New Zealand, Asia (China and Nepal) and Africa (Kenya). This comprehensive volume will appeal to professors and students of environmental law, indigenous law and international law, as well as practitioners and policymakers with an interest in indigenous legal issues and environmental justice.


[Full Book] Arctic Human Development Report

Arctic Human Development Report PDF
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Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers
Author: Joan Nymand Larsen
Category : Arctic peoples
Languages : en
Pages : 500

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Arctic Human Development Report

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Joan Nymand Larsen, Arctic Human Development Report Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Arctic Human Development Report books, The goals of the second volume of the AHDR – Arctic Human Development Report: Regional Processes and Global Linkages – are to provide an update to the first AHDR (2004) in terms of an assessment of the state of Arctic human development; to highlight the major trends and changes unfolding related to the various issues and thematic areas of human development in the Arctic over the past decade; and, based on this assessment, to identify policy relevant conclusions and key gaps in knowledge, new and emerging Arctic success stories. The production of AHDR-II on the tenth anniversary of the first AHDR makes it possible to move beyond the baseline assessment to make valuable comparisons and contrasts across a decade of persistent and rapid change in the North. It addresses critical issues and emerging challenges in Arctic living conditions, quality of life in the North, global change impacts and adaptation, and Indigenous livelihoods. The assessment contributes to our understanding of the interplay and consequences of physical and social change processes affecting Arctic residents’ quality of life, at both the regional and global scales. It shows that the Arctic is not a homogenous region. Impacts of globalization and environmental change differ within and between regions, between Indigenous and non-Indigenous northerners, between genders and along other axes.


[Full Book] Climate Governance In The Arctic

Climate Governance in the Arctic PDF
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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Timo Koivurova
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 452

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Climate Governance In The Arctic

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Timo Koivurova, Climate Governance In The Arctic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Climate Governance In The Arctic books, Climate change is affecting the Arctic environment and ecosystems at an accelerating speed, twice the rate of the global average. This is opening the Arctic to transportation and resource development and creating serious challenges for local communities and indigenous peoples. Climate Governance in the Arctic considers two aspects of climate change from an institutional perspective. It focuses on how relevant regimes, institutions and governance systems support mitigation of climate change. It also examines the extent to which the varying governance arrangements in the Arctic support adaptation and the development of adaptation processes for the region. The book’s focus on Arctic governance offers unique insights within climate change mitigation and adaptation research.


[Full Book] Community Adaptation And Vulnerability In Arctic Regions

Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Arctic Regions PDF
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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Grete K. Hovelsrud
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 353

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Community Adaptation And Vulnerability In Arctic Regions

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Grete K. Hovelsrud, Community Adaptation And Vulnerability In Arctic Regions Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Community Adaptation And Vulnerability In Arctic Regions books, The ‘Year’ That Changed How We View the North This book is about a new theoretical approach that transformed the field of Arctic social studies and about a program called International Polar Year 2007–2008 (IPY) that altered the position of social research within the broader polar science. The concept for IPY was developed in 2003–2005; its vision was for researchers from many nations to work together to gain cro- disciplinary insight into planetary processes, to explore and increase our understanding of the polar regions, the Arctic and Antarctica, and of their roles in the global system. IPY 2007–2008, the fourth program of its kind, followed in the footsteps of its predecessors, the first IPY in 1882–1883, the second IPY in 1932–1933, and the third IPY (later renamed to ‘International Geophysical Year’ or IGY) in 1957–1958. All earlier IPY/IGY have been primarily geophysical initiatives, with their focus on meteorology, atmospheric and geomagnetic observations, and with additional emphasis on glaciology and sea ice circulation. As such, they excluded socio-economic disciplines and polar indigenous people, often deliberately, except for limited ethnographic and natural history collection work conducted by some expeditions of the first IPY. That once dominant vision biased heavily towards geophysics, oceanography, and ice-sheets, left little if any place for people, that is, the social sciences and the humanities, in what has been commonly viewed as the ‘hard-core’ polar research.


[Full Book] Frontiers In Understanding Climate Change And Polar Ecosystems

Frontiers in Understanding Climate Change and Polar Ecosystems PDF
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Publisher: National Academies Press
Author: National Research Council
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 86

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Frontiers In Understanding Climate Change And Polar Ecosystems

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by National Research Council, Frontiers In Understanding Climate Change And Polar Ecosystems Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Frontiers In Understanding Climate Change And Polar Ecosystems books, The polar regions are experiencing rapid changes in climate. These changes are causing observable ecological impacts of various types and degrees of severity at all ecosystem levels, including society. Even larger changes and more significant impacts are anticipated. As species respond to changing environments over time, their interactions with the physical world and other organisms can also change. This chain of interactions can trigger cascades of impacts throughout entire ecosystems. Evaluating the interrelated physical, chemical, biological, and societal components of polar ecosystems is essential to understanding their vulnerability and resilience to climate forcing. The Polar Research Board (PRB) organized a workshop to address these issues. Experts gathered from a variety of disciplines with knowledge of both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Participants were challenged to consider what is currently known about climate change and polar ecosystems and to identify the next big questions in the field. A set of interdisciplinary "frontier questions" emerged from the workshop discussions as important topics to be addressed in the coming decades. To begin to address these questions, workshop participants discussed the need for holistic, interdisciplinary systems approach to understanding polar ecosystem responses to climate change. As an outcome of the workshop, participants brainstormed methods and technologies that are crucial to advance the understanding of polar ecosystems and to promote the next generation of polar research. These include new and emerging technologies, sustained long-term observations, data synthesis and management, and data dissemination and outreach.


[Full Book] Anthropology And Climate Change

Anthropology and Climate Change PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Susan A Crate
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Anthropology And Climate Change

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Susan A Crate, Anthropology And Climate Change Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Anthropology And Climate Change books, The first book to comprehensively assess anthropology’s engagement with climate change, this pioneering volume both maps out exciting trajectories for research and issues a call to action. Chapters in part one are systematic research reviews, covering the relationship between culture and climate from prehistoric times to the present; changing anthropological discourse on climate and environment; the diversity of environmental and sociocultural changes currently occurring around the globe; and the unique methodological and epistemological tools anthropologists bring to bear on climate research. Part two includes a series of case studies that highlights leading-edge research—including some unexpected and provocative findings. Part three challenges scholars to be proactive on the front lines of climate change, providing instruction on how to work in with research communities, with innovative forms of communication, in higher education, in policy environments, as individuals, and in other critical arenas. Linking sophisticated knowledge to effective actions, Anthropology and Climate Change is essential for students and scholars in anthropology and environmental studies.


[Full Book] Climate Change And Globalization In The Arctic

Climate Change and Globalization in the Arctic PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: E. Carina H. Keskitalo
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Climate Change And Globalization In The Arctic

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Climate Change And Globalization In The Arctic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Climate Change And Globalization In The Arctic books, Climate change vulnerability assessment is a rapidly developing field. However, despite the fact that such major trends as globalization and the changing characteristics of the political and economic governance systems are crucial in shaping a communitys capacity to adapt to climate change, these trends are seldom included in assessments. This book addresses this shortcoming by developing a framework for qualitative vulnerability assessment in multiple impact studies (of climate change and globalization) and applying this framework to several cases of renewable natural resource use. The book draws upon case studies of forestry and fishing - two of the largest sectors that rely on renewable natural resources - and reindeer herding in the European North. The study represents a bottom-up view, originating with the stakeholders themselves, of the degree to which stakeholders find adaptation to climate change possible and how they evaluate it in relation to their other concerns, notably economic and political ones. Moreover, the approach and research results include features that could be broadly generalized to other geographic areas or sectors characterized by renewable natural resource use.


[Full Book] International Governance Of The Arctic Marine Environment

International Governance of the Arctic Marine Environment PDF
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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Author: Lilly Weidemann
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 251

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International Governance Of The Arctic Marine Environment

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by Lilly Weidemann, International Governance Of The Arctic Marine Environment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download International Governance Of The Arctic Marine Environment books, The Arctic is particularly affected by climate change; over the past few decades, temperatures in this area have risen twice as fast as the mean global rate. The most prominent effect of global climate change in the region is the melting sea ice in the Arctic Ocean, which enables a multitude of ocean uses to be initiated and extended, such as shipping, fishing and oil and gas extraction. Unlike in the Antarctic, there is currently no single comprehensive legal regime for governance of the Arctic. Instead, the region is regulated by a patchwork of international treaties, above all the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), various regional and sub-regional agreements, national laws and soft-law agreements. This treatise provides an evaluation of the governance regime that regulates the use of the Arctic marine environment and its readiness to protect these fragile ecosystems in light of the consequences of climate change.


[Full Book] Lessons And Legacies Of International Polar Year 2007 2008

Lessons and Legacies of International Polar Year 2007 2008 PDF
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Publisher: National Academies Press
Author: National Research Council
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 152

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Lessons And Legacies Of International Polar Year 2007 2008

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report by National Research Council, Lessons And Legacies Of International Polar Year 2007 2008 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Lessons And Legacies Of International Polar Year 2007 2008 books, International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY) was an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations, research, and analysis. It was the largest, most comprehensive campaign ever mounted to explore Earth's polar domains. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 summarizes how IPY engaged the public to communicate the relevance of polar research to the entire planet, strengthened connections with the Indigenous people of the Arctic, and established new observational networks. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 also addresses the objectives articulated for IPY in the 2004 National Research Council report, A Vision for International Polar Year (NRC, 2004). These objectives include: suggestions for scientific communities and agencies to use the IPY to initiate a sustained effort aimed at assessing large-scale environmental change and variability in the polar regions, the need to explore new scientific frontiers from the molecular to the planetary scale, investment in critical infrastructure and technology to guarantee that IPY 2007-2008 leaves enduring benefits for the nation and for the residents of northern regions, as well as increase public understanding of the importance of polar regions in the global system. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 explains how activities at both poles led to scientific discoveries that provided a step change in scientific understanding and helped translate scientific knowledge into policy-relevant information. At a time when the polar regions are undergoing a transformation from an icy wilderness to a new zone for human affairs, these insights could not be more timely or more relevant. From outreach activities that engaged the general public to projects that brought researchers from multiple disciplines and several nations together, the legacies of IPY extend far beyond the scientific results achieved, and valuable lessons learned from the process will guide future endeavors of similar magnitude.