[Full Book] Across The Moscow River

Across the Moscow River PDF
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Publisher: Yale University Press
Author: Rodric Braithwaite
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 371

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Across The Moscow River

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Rodric Braithwaite, Across The Moscow River Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Across The Moscow River books, Rodric Braithwaite was British ambassador to Moscow during the critical years of Perestroika and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the failed coup of August 1991, and the rise of Boris Yeltsin. From the vantage point of the British Embassy (once the mansion of the great nineteenth-century merchant Pavel Kharitonenko) with its commanding views cross the Moscow River to Red Square and the Kremlin, Braithwaite had a ringside seat. With his long experience of Russia and the Russians, who saw him as 'Mrs. Thatcher's Ambassador', on good personal terms with Mikhail Gorbachev, he was in a privileged position close to the centre of Russia's changing relationship with the West. But this is not primarily a memoir. It is an intimate analysis of momentous change and the people who drove it, against the background of Russia's long history and its unique but essentially European culture. Braithwaite watched as Gorbachev and his allies struggled to modernise and democratise a system which had already reached the point of terminal decay. Against the opposition of the generals, they forced the abandonment of the nuclear confrontation as the Soviet Union fell apart. The climax of the drama came in August 1991 when a miscellaneous collection of conservative patriots - generals, politicians and secret policemen - attempted to reverse the course of history and succeeded only in accelerating the collapse of the Soviet Union.


[Full Book] Moscow 1941

Moscow 1941 PDF
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Publisher: Vintage
Author: Rodric Braithwaite
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 448

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Moscow 1941

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Rodric Braithwaite, Moscow 1941 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Moscow 1941 books, In 1941 close to one million Russian soldiers died defending Moscow from German invasion–more causalities than that of the United States and Britain during all of World War II. Many of these soldiers were in fact not soldiers at all, but instead ordinary people who took up arms to defend their city. Students dropped their books for guns; released prisoners exchanged their freedom for battle; and women fought alongside men on the bloody, mud-covered frozen road to Moscow. By the time the United States entered the war the Germans were already retreating and a decisive victory had been won for the Allies. With extensive research into the lives of soldiers, politicians, writers, artists, workers, and children, Rodric Braithwaite creates a richly detailed narrative that captures this crucial moment. Moscow 1941 is a dramatic, unforgettable portrait of an often overlooked battle that changed the world.


[Full Book] Tearing Down Walls

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Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Author: Mr.James M. Boughton
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 1036

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Tearing Down Walls

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Mr.James M. Boughton, Tearing Down Walls Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Tearing Down Walls books, This volume--the fifth in a series of histories of the International Monetary Fund--examines the 1990s, a tumultuous decade in which the IMF faced difficult challenges and took on new and expanded roles. Among these were assisting countries that had long operated under central planning to manage transitions toward market economies, helping countries in financial crisis after sudden loss of support from private financial markets, adapting surveillance to reflect the growing acceptance of international standards for economic and financial policies, helping low-income countries grow and begin to eradicate poverty while staying within its mandate as a monetary institution, and providing adequate financial assistance to members in an age of limited official resources. The IMF's successes and setbacks in facing these challenges provide valuable lessons for an uncertain future.


[Full Book] Gorbachev S Gamble

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Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Author: Andrei Grachev
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Gorbachev S Gamble

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Andrei Grachev, Gorbachev S Gamble Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gorbachev S Gamble books, Gorbachev’s Gamble offers a new and more convincing answer to this question by providing the missing link between the internal and external aspects of Gorbachev’s perestroika. Andrei Grachev shows that the radical transformation of Soviet foreign policy during the Gorbachev years was an integral part of an ambitious project of internal democratic reform and of the historic opening of Soviet society to the outside world. Grachev explains the motives and the intentions of the initiators of this project and describes their hopes and their illusions. He recounts the story of the internal debates and struggles in the Kremlin and behind-the-scene decisions that led to the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the break-up of the Warsaw Pact and eventually the demise of the Soviet Union itself. The book is based on exclusive interviews with the leaders of the Soviet Union including Gorbachev, personal notes and diaries of their assistants and advisers and transcripts of the discussions inside the Politburo and Secretariat of the Central Committee. Together they constitute a multi-voice political confession of a whole generation of decision-makers of the Soviet Union that enables us better to understand the origin and the breathtaking trajectory of the events that led to the end of the Cold War and the unprecedented transformation of world politics in the closing decades of the 20th century.


[Full Book] From Washington To Moscow

From Washington to Moscow PDF
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Publisher: Duke University Press
Author: Louis Sell
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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From Washington To Moscow

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Louis Sell, From Washington To Moscow Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download From Washington To Moscow books, When the United States and the Soviet Union signed the first Strategic Arms Limitation Talks accords in 1972 it was generally seen as the point at which the USSR achieved parity with the United States. Less than twenty years later the Soviet Union had collapsed, confounding experts who never expected it to happen during their lifetimes. In From Washington to Moscow veteran US Foreign Service officer Louis Sell traces the history of US–Soviet relations between 1972 and 1991 and explains why the Cold War came to an abrupt end. Drawing heavily on archival sources and memoirs—many in Russian—as well as his own experiences, Sell vividly describes events from the perspectives of American and Soviet participants. He attributes the USSR's fall not to one specific cause but to a combination of the Soviet system's inherent weaknesses, mistakes by Mikhail Gorbachev, and challenges by Ronald Reagan and other US leaders. He shows how the USSR's rapid and humiliating collapse and the inability of the West and Russia to find a way to cooperate respectfully and collegially helped set the foundation for Vladimir Putin’s rise.


[Full Book] Red Fortress

Red Fortress PDF
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Publisher: Metropolitan Books
Author: Catherine Merridale
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 528

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Red Fortress

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Catherine Merridale, Red Fortress Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Red Fortress books, A magisterial, richly detailed history of the Kremlin, and of the centuries of Russian elites who have shaped it—and been shaped by it in turn The Moscow Kremlin is the heart of the Russian state, a fortress whose blood-red walls have witnessed more than eight hundred years of political drama and extraordinary violence. It has been the seat of a priestly monarchy, a worldly church and the Soviet Union; it has served as a crossroads for diplomacy, trade, and espionage; it has survived earthquakes, devastating fires, and at least three revolutions. Its very name is a byword for enduring power. From Ivan the Terrible to Vladimir Putin, generations of Russian leaders have sought to use the Kremlin to legitimize their vision of statehood. Drawing on a dazzling array of sources from hitherto unseen archives and rare collections, renowned historian Catherine Merridale traces the full history of this enigmatic fortress. The Kremlin has inspired innumerable myths, but no invented tales could be more dramatic than the operatic successions and savage betrayals that took place within its vast compound of palaces and cathedrals. Today, its sumptuous golden crosses and huge electric red stars blaze side by side as the Kremlin fulfills its centuries-old role, linking the country's recent history to its distant past and proclaiming the eternal continuity of the Russian state. More than an absorbing history of Russia's most famous landmark, Red Fortress uses the Kremlin as a unique lens, bringing into focus the evolution of Russia's culture and the meaning of its politics.


[Full Book] Collapse Of An Empire

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Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Author: Yegor Gaidar
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 332

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Collapse Of An Empire

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Yegor Gaidar, Collapse Of An Empire Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Collapse Of An Empire books, "My goal is to show the reader that the Soviet political and economic system was unstable by its very nature. It was just a question of when and how it would collapse...." —From the Introduction to Collapse of an Empire The Soviet Union was an empire in many senses of the word—a vast mix of far-flung regions and accidental citizens by way of conquest or annexation. Typical of such empires, it was built on shaky foundations. That instability made its demise inevitable, asserts Yegor Gaidar, former prime minister of Russia and architect of the "shock therapy" economic reforms of the 1990s. Yet a growing desire to return to the glory days of empire is pushing today's Russia backward into many of the same traps that made the Soviet Union untenable. In this important new book, Gaidar clearly illustrates why Russian nostalgia for empire is dangerous and ill-fated: "Dreams of returning to another era are illusory. Attempts to do so will lead to defeat." Gaidar uses world history, the Soviet experience, and economic analysis to demonstrate why swimming against this tide of history would be a huge mistake. The USSR sowed the seeds of its own economic destruction, and Gaidar worries that Russia is repeating some of those mistakes. Once again, for example, the nation is putting too many eggs into one basket, leaving the nation vulnerable to fluctuations in the energy market. The Soviets had used revenues from energy sales to prop up struggling sectors such as agriculture, which was so thoroughly ravaged by hyperindustrialization that the Soviet Union became a net importer of food. When oil prices dropped in the 1980s, that revenue stream diminished, and dependent sectors suffered heavily. Although strategies requiring austerity or sacrifice can be politically difficult, Russia needs to prepare for such downturns and restrain spending during prosperous times. Collapse of an Empire shows why it is imperative to fix the roof before it starts to rain, and why sometimes the past should be left in the past.


[Full Book] The Cold War The Definitive Encyclopedia And Document Collection 5 Volumes

The Cold War  The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection  5 volumes  PDF
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Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Author: Spencer C. Tucker
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 2181

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The Cold War The Definitive Encyclopedia And Document Collection 5 Volumes

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Spencer C. Tucker, The Cold War The Definitive Encyclopedia And Document Collection 5 Volumes Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Cold War The Definitive Encyclopedia And Document Collection 5 Volumes books, This sweeping reference work covers every aspect of the Cold War, from its ignition in the ashes of World War II, through the Berlin Wall and the Cuban Missile Crisis, to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Cold War superpower face-off between the Soviet Union and the United States dominated international affairs in the second half of the 20th century and still reverberates around the world today. This comprehensive and insightful multivolume set provides authoritative entries on all aspects of this world-changing event, including wars, new military technologies, diplomatic initiatives, espionage activities, important individuals and organizations, economic developments, societal and cultural events, and more. This expansive coverage provides readers with the necessary context to understand the many facets of this complex conflict. The work begins with a preface and introduction and then offers illuminating introductory essays on the origins and course of the Cold War, which are followed by some 1,500 entries on key individuals, wars, battles, weapons systems, diplomacy, politics, economics, and art and culture. Each entry has cross-references and a list of books for further reading. The text includes more than 100 key primary source documents, a detailed chronology, a glossary, and a selective bibliography. Numerous illustrations and maps are inset throughout to provide additional context to the material. Includes more than 1,500 entries covering all facets of the Cold War from its origins to its aftermath, including all political, diplomatic, military, social, economic, and cultural aspects Incorporates the scholarship of more than 200 internationally recognized contributors from around the world, many writing about events and issues from the perspective of their country of origin Offers more than 100 original documents—a collection that draws heavily on material from archives in China, Eastern Europe, and the former Soviet Union Provides hundreds of powerful images and dozens of informative maps detailing specific military conflicts and movements of various groups Includes a detailed chronology of important events that occurred before, during, and after the Cold War


[Full Book] The Human Factor

The Human Factor PDF
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Publisher:
Author: Archie Brown
Category : Cold War
Languages : en
Pages : 500

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The Human Factor

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Archie Brown, The Human Factor Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Human Factor books, The Human Factor tells the dramatic story about the part played by political leaders - particularly the three very different personalities of Gorbachev, Reagan and Thatcher - in ending the standoff that threatened the future of all humanity


[Full Book] Gorbachev His Life And Times

Gorbachev  His Life and Times PDF
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Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Author: William Taubman
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 928

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Gorbachev His Life And Times

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by William Taubman, Gorbachev His Life And Times Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gorbachev His Life And Times books, A National Book Critics Circle Award Finalist “Essential reading for the twenty-first [century].” —Radhika Jones, The New York Times Book Review In the first comprehensive biography of Mikhail Gorbachev, William Taubman shows how a peasant boy clambered to the top of a system designed to keep people like him down, found common ground with America’s arch-conservative president Ronald Reagan, and permitted the USSR and its East European empire to break apart without using force to preserve them. Drawing on interviews with Gorbachev himself, transcripts and documents from the Russian archives, and interviews with Kremlin aides and adversaries, Taubman’s intensely personal portrait extends to Gorbachev’s remarkable marriage to a woman he deeply loved. Nuanced and poignant, yet unsparing and honest, this sweeping account has all the amplitude of a great Russian novel.


[Full Book] Understanding U S Military Conflicts Through Primary Sources 4 Volumes

Understanding U S  Military Conflicts through Primary Sources  4 volumes  PDF
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Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Author: James R. Arnold
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1840

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Understanding U S Military Conflicts Through Primary Sources 4 Volumes

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by James R. Arnold, Understanding U S Military Conflicts Through Primary Sources 4 Volumes Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Understanding U S Military Conflicts Through Primary Sources 4 Volumes books, An easily accessible resource that showcases the links between using documented primary sources and gaining a more nuanced understanding of military history. • Covers benchmark documents in U.S. diplomatic and military history from 14 conflicts • Utilizes document introductions and scholarly analysis to help students understand the primary source materials • Supports document-based teaching and learning strategies • Ties into Common Core critical thinking guidelines commonly used in high school history courses for document analysis • Helps students understand the difference between original source material and unsourced claims made on the Internet


[Full Book] Misinterpreting Modern Russia

Misinterpreting Modern Russia PDF
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Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Author: Bruno S. Sergi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 290

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Misinterpreting Modern Russia

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Bruno S. Sergi, Misinterpreting Modern Russia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Misinterpreting Modern Russia books, When President Vladimir Putin ascended to the Kremlin at the end of the 1990s, he had to struggle with the after-effects of Boris Yeltsin's political agenda: outrageous corruption, endless social injustice, and deeply entrenched interests dating back to Gorbachev and beyond. From the outset, Putin saw his task as leveling out the political scenery. Discontent had been building up among ordinary Russians on these consequences of the dramatically unstable 1990s. Stabilization of the political system and cleaning up the widespread corruption were Putin's aims, and the Russian people supported him wholeheartedly. Many observers in the West were quick to condemn Putin and depict him as an authoritarian, dishonest leader who was still linked to the KGB. When asked why Russians were supporting the new Kremlin, many experts explained that it was a paradox that combined the country's supposed history of tyranny and its people's inclination towards it. These explanations shaped the West's understanding of modern Russia and they appear to be unshakeable in cultural circles today. Bruno Sergi argues, in this new study, that the way to know the complete story behind how Putin's presidency has been viewed in Russia, is to examine closely the hard realities that conditioned Putin's policies and responses. Misinterpreting Modern Russia: Western Views of Putin and his Presidency looks beyond the stereotypes to the hard logic of the 1990s, and asks a range of provocative questions about the disintegration of the old Soviet empire and the extraordinary riches that have caused so much opportunity and turmoil in recent years.


[Full Book] Armageddon And Paranoia

Armageddon and Paranoia PDF
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Rodric Braithwaite
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Armageddon And Paranoia

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Rodric Braithwaite, Armageddon And Paranoia Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Armageddon And Paranoia books, Former British Ambassador to the Soviet Union and author of the definitive account of the Soviet invasion and occupation of Afghanistan, Sir Rodric Braithwaite offers here a tour d'horizon of nuclear policy from the end of World War II and start of the Cold War to the present day. Armageddon and Paranoia unfolds the full history of nuclear weapons that began with the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union and now extends worldwide. For decades, an apocalypse seemed imminent, staved off only by the certainty that if one side launched these missiles the other would launch an equally catastrophic counterstrike. This method of avoiding all-out nuclear warfare was called "Deterrence," a policy of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). Still, though neither side actively wanted to plunge the world into nuclear wasteland, the possibility of war by misjudgment or mistake meant fears could never be entirely assuaged. Both an exploration of Deterrence and the long history of superpower nuclear policy, Armageddon and Paranoia comes at a time when tensions surrounding nuclear armament have begun mounting once more. No book until this one has offered so comprehensive a history of the topic that has guided--at times dominated--the world in which we live.


[Full Book] Russia S International Relations In The Twentieth Century

Russia s International Relations in the Twentieth Century PDF
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Publisher: Routledge
Author: Alastair Kocho-Williams
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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Russia S International Relations In The Twentieth Century

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Alastair Kocho-Williams, Russia S International Relations In The Twentieth Century Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Russia S International Relations In The Twentieth Century books, Russia has long been a major player in the international relations arena, but only by examining the whole century can Russian foreign policy be properly understood, and the key questions as to the impact of war, of revolution, of collapse, the emergence of the Cold War and Russia’s post-Soviet development be addressed. Surveying the whole of the twentieth century in an accessible and clear manner Russia’s International Relations in the Twentieth Century provides an overview and narrative, with analysis, that will serve as an introduction and resource for students of Russian foreign policy in the period, and those who seek to understand the development of modern Russia in an international context. The volume includes: an analysis of the major themes which surrounded Russia’s position in world affairs as one of the European Great Powers before the First World War the impact of Revolution and the emergence of Soviet foreign policy with its dual aims of normalization and world revolution the changes wrought to the international order by the rise of Nazi Germany and by the Second World War the origins and development of the Cold War the end of the Cold War and the Soviet collapse how Russia has rebuilt itself as an international power in the post-Soviet era. An essential resource for students of Russian history and International policy.


[Full Book] Rethinking Soviet Communism

Rethinking Soviet Communism PDF
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Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Author: Peter Shearman
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Rethinking Soviet Communism

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Peter Shearman, Rethinking Soviet Communism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rethinking Soviet Communism books, The Soviet Union and the communist ideology on which it was founded were central to a great number of people's lives and pivotal to international relations for decades, most clearly in giving rise to the Cold War. Soviet Communism provided an alternative path forward, set apart from liberal capitalism and also from the various strands of fascism that took root in the early twentieth century, and its legacy can still be felt across the contemporary globe. This innovative analysis of Soviet Communism offers a fresh perspective on the Soviet Union's role in world politics by paying particular attention to the influence of Soviet ideology and the balance of power on different regions of the world, including the West, the Third World, and the East European Soviet bloc. A central theme of the book is the diverse effects nationalism had on the Soviet Union, which the author argues not only played an important and often overlooked part in shaping Bolshevik policy but also contributed to the demise of Soviet Communism and the collapse of the USSR.


[Full Book] The Cambridge History Of The Cold War Volume 3 Endings

The Cambridge History of the Cold War  Volume 3  Endings PDF
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: Melvyn P. Leffler
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :

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The Cambridge History Of The Cold War Volume 3 Endings

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Melvyn P. Leffler, The Cambridge History Of The Cold War Volume 3 Endings Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Cambridge History Of The Cold War Volume 3 Endings books, Volume III of The Cambridge History of the Cold War examines the evolution of the conflict from the Helsinki Conference of 1975 until the Soviet collapse in 1991. A team of leading scholars analyzes the economic, social, cultural, religious, technological and geopolitical factors that ended the Cold War and discusses the personalities and policies of key leaders such as Brezhnev, Reagan, Gorbachev, Thatcher, Kohl and Deng Xiaoping. The authors show how events throughout the world shaped the evolution of Soviet-American relations and they explore the legacies of the superpower confrontation in a comparative and transnational perspective. Individual chapters examine how the Cold War affected and was affected by environmental issues, economic trends, patterns of consumption, human rights and non-governmental organizations. The volume represents the new international history at its best, emphasizing broad social, economic, demographic and strategic developments while keeping politics and human agency in focus.


[Full Book] The End Of The Cold War 1985 1991

The End of the Cold War  1985 1991 PDF
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Publisher: PublicAffairs
Author: Robert Service
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 688

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The End Of The Cold War 1985 1991

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Robert Service, The End Of The Cold War 1985 1991 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The End Of The Cold War 1985 1991 books, On 26 December, 1991, the hammer-and-sickle flag was lowered over the Kremlin for the last time. Yet, just six years earlier, when Mikhail Gorbachev became general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and chose Eduard Shevardnadze as his foreign minister, the Cold War seemed like a permanent fixture in world politics. Until its denouement, no Western or Soviet politician foresaw that the standoff between the two superpowers -- after decades of struggle over every aspect of security, politics, economics, and ideas -- would end within the lifetime of the current generation. Nor was it at all obvious that that the Soviet political leadership would undertake a huge internal reform of the USSR, or that the threat of a nuclear Armageddon could or would be peacefully wound down. Drawing on pioneering archival research, Robert Service's gripping investigation of the final years of the Cold War pinpoints the extraordinary relationships between Ronald Reagan, Gorbachev, George Shultz, and Shevardnadze, who found ways to cooperate during times of exceptional change around the world. A story of American pressure and Soviet long-term decline and overstretch, The End of the Cold War: 1985-1991 shows how a small but skillful group of statesmen grew determined to end the Cold War on their watch and transformed the global political landscape irreversibly.


[Full Book] The Kgb File Of Andrei Sakharov

The KGB File of Andrei Sakharov PDF
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Publisher: Yale University Press
Author: Joshua Rubenstein
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 448

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The Kgb File Of Andrei Sakharov

Across The Moscow River The World Turned Upside Down by Joshua Rubenstein, The Kgb File Of Andrei Sakharov Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Kgb File Of Andrei Sakharov books, DIVAndrei Sakharov (1921–1989), a brilliant physicist and the principal designer of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, later became a human rights activist and—as a result—a source of profound irritation to the Kremlin. This book publishes for the first time ever KGB files on Sakharov that became available during Boris Yeltsin’s presidency. The documents reveal the untold story of KGB surveillance of Sakharov from 1968 until his death in 1989 and of the regime’s efforts to intimidate and silence him. The disturbing archival materials show the KGB to have had a profound lack of understanding of the spiritual and moral nature of the human rights movement and of Sakharov’s role as one of its leading figures. /div