Search Results for: race and the war on poverty

Race And The War On Poverty

Race and the War on Poverty PDF
Author: Robert Bauman
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
Size: 63.63 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 4037

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Race And The War On Poverty Book Description

by Robert Bauman, Race And The War On Poverty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Race And The War On Poverty books, President Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty did more than offer aid to needy Americans; in some cities, it also sparked both racial conflict and cooperation. Race and the War on Poverty examines the African American and Mexican American community organizations in Los Angeles that emerged to implement War on Poverty programs. It explores how organizers applied democratic vision and political savvy to community action, and how the ongoing African American, Chicano, and feminist movements in turn shaped the contours of the War on Poverty’s goals, programs, and cultural identity. Robert Bauman describes how the Watts riots of 1965 accelerated the creation of a black community-controlled agency, the Watts Labor Community Action Committee. The example of the WLCAC, combined with a burgeoning Chicano movement, inspired Mexican Americans to create The East Los Angeles Community Union (TELACU) and the Chicana Service Action Center. Bauman explores the connections that wove together the War on Poverty, the Watts revolt, and local movements in ways that empowered the participants economically, culturally, and politically. Although heated battles over race and other cultural issues sometimes derailed the programs, these organizations produced lasting positive effects for the communities they touched. Despite Nixon-era budget cuts and the nation’s turn toward conservatism, the War on Poverty continues to be fought today as these agencies embrace the changing politics, economics, and demographics of Los Angeles. Race and the War on Poverty shows how the struggle to end poverty evolved in ways that would have surprised its planners, supporters, and detractors—and that what began as a grand vision at the national level continues to thrive on the streets of the community.


What S Wrong With The Poor

What s Wrong with the Poor  PDF
Author: Mical Raz
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Size: 44.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 5898

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What S Wrong With The Poor Book Description

by Mical Raz, What S Wrong With The Poor Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download What S Wrong With The Poor books, In her insightful interdisciplinary history, physician and historian Mical Raz examines the interplay between psychiatric theory and social policy throughout the 1960s, ending with President Richard Nixon's 1971 veto of a bill that would have provided universal day care. She shows that this cooperation between mental health professionals and policymakers was based on an understanding of what poor men, women, and children lacked. This perception was rooted in psychiatric theories of deprivation focused on two overlapping sections of American society: the poor had less, and African Americans, disproportionately represented among America's poor, were seen as having practically nothing.


From The War On Poverty To The War On Crime

From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime PDF
Author: Elizabeth Hinton
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Size: 65.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 449
View: 3501

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From The War On Poverty To The War On Crime Book Description

by Elizabeth Hinton, From The War On Poverty To The War On Crime Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download From The War On Poverty To The War On Crime books, How did the land of the free become the home of the world’s largest prison system? Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source: not the War on Drugs of the Reagan administration but the War on Crime that began during Johnson’s Great Society at the height of the civil rights era.


Legacies Of The War On Poverty

Legacies of the War on Poverty PDF
Author: Martha J. Bailey
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Size: 32.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 324
View: 3092

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Legacies Of The War On Poverty Book Description

by Martha J. Bailey, Legacies Of The War On Poverty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Legacies Of The War On Poverty books, Many believe that the War on Poverty, launched by President Johnson in 1964, ended in failure. In 2010, the official poverty rate was 15 percent, almost as high as when the War on Poverty was declared. Historical and contemporary accounts often portray the War on Poverty as a costly experiment that created doubts about the ability of public policies to address complex social problems. Legacies of the War on Poverty, drawing from fifty years of empirical evidence, documents that this popular view is too negative. The volume offers a balanced assessment of the War on Poverty that highlights some remarkable policy successes and promises to shift the national conversation on poverty in America. Featuring contributions from leading poverty researchers, Legacies of the War on Poverty demonstrates that poverty and racial discrimination would likely have been much greater today if the War on Poverty had not been launched. Chloe Gibbs, Jens Ludwig, and Douglas Miller dispel the notion that the Head Start education program does not work. While its impact on children’s test scores fade, the program contributes to participants’ long-term educational achievement and, importantly, their earnings growth later in life. Elizabeth Cascio and Sarah Reber show that Title I legislation reduced the school funding gap between poorer and richer states and prompted Southern school districts to desegregate, increasing educational opportunity for African Americans. The volume also examines the significant consequences of income support, housing, and health care programs. Jane Waldfogel shows that without the era’s expansion of food stamps and other nutrition programs, the child poverty rate in 2010 would have been three percentage points higher. Kathleen McGarry examines the policies that contributed to a great success of the War on Poverty: the rapid decline in elderly poverty, which fell from 35 percent in 1959 to below 10 percent in 2010. Barbara Wolfe concludes that Medicaid and Community Health Centers contributed to large reductions in infant mortality and increased life expectancy. Katherine Swartz finds that Medicare and Medicaid increased access to health care among the elderly and reduced the risk that they could not afford care or that obtaining it would bankrupt them and their families. Legacies of the War on Poverty demonstrates that well-designed government programs can reduce poverty, racial discrimination, and material hardships. This insightful volume refutes pessimism about the effects of social policies and provides new lessons about what more can be done to improve the lives of the poor.


The War On Poverty

The War on Poverty PDF
Author: Annelise Orleck
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Size: 44.65 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 920

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The War On Poverty Book Description

by Annelise Orleck, The War On Poverty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The War On Poverty books, Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty has long been portrayed as the most potent symbol of all that is wrong with big government. Conservatives deride the War on Poverty for corruption and the creation of "poverty pimps," and even liberals carefully distance themselves from it. Examining the long War on Poverty from the 1960s onward, this book makes a controversial argument that the programs were in many ways a success, reducing poverty rates and weaving a social safety net that has proven as enduring as programs that came out of the New Deal. The War on Poverty also transformed American politics from the grass roots up, mobilizing poor people across the nation. Blacks in crumbling cities, rural whites in Appalachia, Cherokees in Oklahoma, Puerto Ricans in the Bronx, migrant Mexican farmworkers, and Chinese immigrants from New York to California built social programs based on Johnson's vision of a greater, more just society. Contributors to this volume chronicle these vibrant and largely unknown histories while not shying away from the flaws and failings of the movement--including inadequate funding, co-optation by local political elites, and blindness to the reality that mothers and their children made up most of the poor. In the twenty-first century, when one in seven Americans receives food stamps and community health centers are the largest primary care system in the nation, the War on Poverty is as relevant as ever. This book helps us to understand the turbulent era out of which it emerged and why it remains so controversial to this day.


Economics Bureaucracy And Race

Economics  Bureaucracy  and Race PDF
Author: Judith Russell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Size: 58.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 244
View: 1542

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Economics Bureaucracy And Race Book Description

by Judith Russell, Economics Bureaucracy And Race Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Economics Bureaucracy And Race books, This is a hard-hitting analysis of the war on poverty in the United States. The book focuses on the genesis of the Economic Opportunity Act in the 1960s which constituted the core of the antipoverty crusade of President Kennedy and President Johnson.


Britain S War On Poverty

Britain s War on Poverty PDF
Author: Jane Waldfogel
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Size: 51.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 7350

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Britain S War On Poverty Book Description

by Jane Waldfogel, Britain S War On Poverty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Britain S War On Poverty books, In 1999, one in four British children lived in poverty—the third highest child poverty rate among industrialized countries. Five years later, the child poverty rate in Britain had fallen by more than half in absolute terms. How did the British government accomplish this and what can the United States learn from the British experience? Jane Waldfogel offers a sharp analysis of the New Labour government’s anti-poverty agenda, its dramatic early success and eventual stalled progress. Comparing Britain’s anti-poverty initiative to U.S. welfare reform, the book shows how the policies of both countries have affected child poverty, living standards, and well-being in low-income families and suggests next steps for future reforms. Britain’s War on Poverty evaluates the three-pronged anti-poverty strategy employed by the British government and what these efforts accomplished. British reforms sought to promote work and make work pay, to increase financial support for families with children, and to invest in the health, early-life development, and education of children. The latter two features set the British reforms apart from the work-oriented U.S. welfare reforms, which did not specifically target income or program supports for children. Plagued by premature initiatives and what some experts called an overly ambitious agenda, the British reforms fell short of their intended goal but nevertheless significantly increased single-parent employment, raised incomes for low-income families, and improved child outcomes. Poverty has fallen, and the pattern of low-income family expenditures on child enrichment and healthy food has begun to converge with higher-income families. As Waldfogel sees it, further success in reducing child poverty in Britain will rely on understanding who is poor and who is at highest risk. More than half of poor children live in families where at least one parent is working, followed by unemployed single- and two-parent homes, respectively. Poverty rates are also notably higher for children with disabled parents, large families, and for Pakistani and Bangladeshi children. Based on these demographics, Waldfogel argues that future reforms must, among other goals, raise working-family incomes, provide more work for single parents, and better engage high-risk racial and ethnic minority groups. What can the United States learn from the British example? Britain’s War on Poverty is a primer in the triumphs and pitfalls of protracted policy. Notable differences distinguish the British and U.S. models, but Waldfogel asserts that a future U.S. poverty agenda must specifically address child poverty and the income inequality that helps create it. By any measurement and despite obstacles, Britain has significantly reduced child poverty. The book’s key lesson is that it can be done.


The War On Welfare

The War on Welfare PDF
Author: Marisa Chappell
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Size: 56.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 1407

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The War On Welfare Book Description

by Marisa Chappell, The War On Welfare Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The War On Welfare books, Why did the War on Poverty give way to the war on welfare? Many in the United States saw the welfare reforms of 1996 as the inevitable result of twelve years of conservative retrenchment in American social policy, but there is evidence that the seeds of this change were sown long before the Reagan Revolution—and not necessarily by the Right. The War on Welfare: Family, Poverty, and Politics in Modern America traces what Bill Clinton famously called "the end of welfare as we know it" to the grassroots of the War on Poverty thirty years earlier. Marshaling a broad variety of sources, historian Marisa Chappell provides a fresh look at the national debate about poverty, welfare, and economic rights from the 1960s through the mid-1990s. In Chappell's telling, we experience the debate over welfare from multiple perspectives, including those of conservatives of several types, liberal antipoverty experts, national liberal organizations, labor, government officials, feminists of various persuasions, and poor women themselves. During the Johnson and Nixon administrations, deindustrialization, stagnating wages, and widening economic inequality pushed growing numbers of wives and mothers into the workforce. Yet labor unions, antipoverty activists, and moderate liberal groups fought to extend the fading promise of the family wage to poor African Americans families through massive federal investment in full employment and income support for male breadwinners. In doing so, however, these organizations condemned programs like Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) for supposedly discouraging marriage and breaking up families. Ironically their arguments paved the way for increasingly successful right-wing attacks on both "welfare" and the War on Poverty itself.


Health And The War On Poverty

Health and the War on Poverty PDF
Author: Karen Davis
Publisher:
Size: 58.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical policy
Languages : en
Pages : 230
View: 1368

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Health And The War On Poverty Book Description

by Karen Davis, Health And The War On Poverty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Health And The War On Poverty books,


The New Jim Crow

The New Jim Crow PDF
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: The New Press
Size: 50.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 2161

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The New Jim Crow Book Description

by Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The New Jim Crow books, Once in a great while a book comes along that changes the way we see the world and helps to fuel a nationwide social movement. The New Jim Crow is such a book. Praised by Harvard Law professor Lani Guinier as "brave and bold," this book directly challenges the notion that the election of Barack Obama signals a new era of colorblindness. With dazzling candor, legal scholar Michelle Alexander argues that "we have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it." By targeting black men through the War on Drugs and decimating communities of color, the U.S. criminal justice system functions as a contemporary system of racial control—relegating millions to a permanent second-class status—even as it formally adheres to the principle of colorblindness. In the words of Benjamin Todd Jealous, president and CEO of the NAACP, this book is a "call to action." Called "stunning" by Pulitzer Prize–winning historian David Levering Lewis, "invaluable" by the Daily Kos, "explosive" by Kirkus, and "profoundly necessary" by the Miami Herald, this updated and revised paperback edition of The New Jim Crow, now with a foreword by Cornel West, is a must-read for all people of conscience.