Search Results for: physical theory in biology

Physical Theory In Biology

Physical Theory in Biology PDF
Author: Charles J Lumsden
Publisher: World Scientific
Size: 16.70 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 504
View: 623

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Physical Theory In Biology Book Description

by Charles J Lumsden, Physical Theory In Biology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Physical Theory In Biology books, What is the physics of life and why does it matter? The essays in this book probe this question, celebrating modern biology's vibrant dialog with theoretical physics — a scientific adventure in which biological understanding is enriched by physical theory without losing its own inherent traditions and perspectives. The book explores organic complexity and self-organization through research applications to embryology, cell biology, behavioral neuroscience, and evolution. The essays will excite the interest of physics students in thinking about biology's “grand challenges”, in part by means of self-contained introductions to theoretical computer science, symmetry methods in bifurcation theory, and evolutionary games. Seasoned investigators in both the physical and life sciences will also find challenging ideas and applications presented in this volume. This is a Print On Demand title. We no longer stock the original but will recreate a copy for you. While all efforts are made to ensure that quality is the same as the original, there may be differences in some areas of the design and packaging. Contents:Foundations:Emergence in Physics and Biology (L E H Trainor)Holism and Reduction (C J Lumsden)Complexity: A Pluralistic Approach (W A M Brandts)Dynamics, Complexity and Computation (P A Dufort & C J Lumsden)Development: Field Approaches to Pattern Formation:Vector Field Models of Morphogenesis (W A M Brandts & J Totafurno)Symmetry Breaking Bifurcations (T M Hart & L E H Trainor)Development: Principles of Self-Organization:Generic Dynamics of Morphogenesis (B Goodwin)Toward a Model of Growth and Form in Living Systems (F Cummings)Living Organization, the Coherence of Organisms and the Morphogenetic Field (M W Ho et al.)Is Spatial Pattern Formation Homologous in Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms? (J Frankel)Cellular and Organismic Biology:Statistical Mechanics of the Main Phase Transition in Lipid Bilayers (F P Jones & P Tevlin)Multi-Neuron Interactions in Neural Network Models of Associative Memory (A E Busch & L E H Trainor)Network Hierarchies in Neural Organization, Development and Pathology (J P Sutton)Category Switching — A Neural Network Approach (L E H Trainor et al.)Evolution:A Model of Molecular Evolution Based on the Statistical Analysis of Nucleotide Sequences (L Luo)Codon Space: Exploring the Origins and Development of the Genetic Code (L E H Trainor et al.)Evolution of Development: The Shuffling of Ancient Modules by Ubiquitous Bureaucracies (E W Larsen)Game Theory in Biology (G W A Rowe) Readership: Physicial scientists, biologists, engineers, applied mathematicians and philosophers. keywords:Holism and Reductionism;Complexity;Symmetry;Emergent Property;Patterns;Neural Interactions;Statistical Models;Game Theory;Biology;Morphogenesis;Morphogens;Pattern Formation;Development;Epithelia Folding;Biological Modeling;Complexity;Physical Theory;Biological Regulation;Pattern Formation;Nonlinear Dynamics;Evolution;Developmental Field;Neural Networks;Collective Behavior;Genetic Code;Emergence;Reductionism;Holism;Self-Organization;Bifurcation Theory;Morphogenetic Field;Regeneration;Phase Transitions in Bilayers;Task Switching;Nucleotide Sequences;Molecular Evolution “The important issue here is not what physics theory has done for biology (which is not very much), but what it can do in the future, and to this end the book does a marvellous job of defining the arena.” Nature “… the scope of the articles is broad … The book should be of interest to scientists coming from biological, physical and mathematical sciences.”Bulletin for Mathematical Biology


Physical Theory In Biology

Physical Theory in Biology PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Size: 72.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Biophysics
Languages : un
Pages : 486
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Physical Theory In Biology Book Description

by , Physical Theory In Biology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Physical Theory In Biology books,


Foundations Of Complex System Theories

Foundations of Complex system Theories PDF
Author: Sunny Y. Auyang
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Size: 24.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Mathematics
Languages : un
Pages : 404
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Foundations Of Complex System Theories Book Description

by Sunny Y. Auyang, Foundations Of Complex System Theories Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Foundations Of Complex System Theories books, Analyzes approaches to the study of complexity in the physical, biological, and social sciences.


Bounded Noises In Physics Biology And Engineering

Bounded Noises in Physics  Biology  and Engineering PDF
Author: Alberto d'Onofrio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 73.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : un
Pages : 285
View: 1936

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Bounded Noises In Physics Biology And Engineering Book Description

by Alberto d'Onofrio, Bounded Noises In Physics Biology And Engineering Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Bounded Noises In Physics Biology And Engineering books, ​​Since the parameters in dynamical systems of biological interest are inherently positive and bounded, bounded noises are a natural way to model the realistic stochastic fluctuations of a biological system that are caused by its interaction with the external world. Bounded Noises in Physics, Biology, and Engineering is the first contributed volume devoted to the modeling of bounded noises in theoretical and applied statistical mechanics, quantitative biology, and mathematical physics. It gives an overview of the current state-of-the-art and is intended to stimulate further research. The volume is organized in four parts. The first part presents the main kinds of bounded noises and their applications in theoretical physics. The theory of bounded stochastic processes is intimately linked to its applications to mathematical and statistical physics, and it would be difficult and unnatural to separate the theory from its physical applications. The second is devoted to framing bounded noises in the theory of random dynamical systems and random bifurcations, while the third is devoted to applications of bounded stochastic processes in biology, one of the major areas of potential applications of this subject. The final part concerns the application of bounded stochastic processes in mechanical and structural engineering, the area where the renewed interest for non-Gaussian bounded noises started. Pure mathematicians working on stochastic calculus will find here a rich source of problems that are challenging from the point of view of contemporary nonlinear analysis. Bounded Noises in Physics, Biology, and Engineering is intended for scientists working on stochastic processes with an interest in both fundamental issues and applications. It will appeal to a broad range of applied mathematicians, mathematical biologists, physicists, engineers, and researchers in other fields interested in complexity theory. It is accessible to anyone with a working knowledge of stochastic modeling, from advanced undergraduates to senior researchers.


The Structure Of Biological Science

The Structure of Biological Science PDF
Author: Alexander Rosenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Size: 80.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 281
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The Structure Of Biological Science Book Description

by Alexander Rosenberg, The Structure Of Biological Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Structure Of Biological Science books, Preface p. ix Chapter 1 Biology and Its Philosophy p. 2 1.1 The Rise of Logical Positivism p. 2 1.2 The Consequences for Philosophy p. 4 1.3 Problems of Falsifiability p. 6 1.4 Philosophy of Science Without Positivism p. 8 1.5 Speculation and Science p. 10 Introduction to the Literature p. 11 Chapter 2 Autonomy and Provincialism p. 13 2.1 Philosophical Agendas versus Biological Agendas p. 13 2.2 Motives for Provincialism and Autonomy p. 18 2.3 Biological Philosophies p. 21 2.4 Tertium Datur? p. 25 2.5 The Issues in Dispute p. 30 2.6 Steps in the Argument p. 34 Introduction to the Literature p. 35 Chapter 3 Teleology and the Roots of Autonomy p. 37 3.1 Functional Explanations in Molecular Biology p. 39 3.2 The Search for Functions p. 43 3.3 Functional Laws p. 47 3.4 Directively Organized Systems p. 52 3.5 The Autonomy of Teleological Laws p. 59 3.6 The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Functional Explanation p. 62 3.7 Functional Explanation Will Always Be with Us p. 65 Introduction to the Literature p. 67 Chapter 4 Reductionism and the Temptation of Provincialism p. 69 4.1 Motives for Reductionism p. 69 4.2 A Triumph of Reductionism p. 73 4.3 Reductionism and Recombinant DNA p. 84 4.4 Antireductionism and Molecular Genetics p. 88 4.5 Mendel's Genes and Benzer's Cistrons p. 93 4.6 Reduction Obstructed p. 97 4.7 Qualifying Reductionism p. 106 4.8 The Supervenience of Mendelian Genetics p. 11 4.9 Levels of Organization p. 117 Introduction to the Literature p. 119 Chapter 5 The Structure of Evolutionary Theory p. 121 5.1 Is There an Evolutionary Theory? p. 122 5.2 The Charge of Tautology p. 126 5.3 Population Genetics and Evolution p. 130 5.4 Williams's Axiomatization of Evolutionary Theory p. 136 5.5 Adequacy of the Axiomatization p. 144 Introduction to the Literature p. 152 Chapter 6 Fitness p. 154 6.1 Fitness Is Measured by Its Effects p. 154 6.2 Fitness As a Statistical Propensity p. 160 6.3 The Supervenience of Fitness p. 164 6.4 The Evidence for Evolution p. 169 6.5 The Scientific Context of Evolutionary Theory p. 174 Introduction to the Literature p. 179 Chapter 7 Species p. 180 7.1 Operationalism and Theory in Taxonomy p. 182 7.2 Essentialism--For and Against p. 187 7.3 The Biological Species Notion p. 191 7.4 Evolutionary and Ecological Species p. 197 7.5 Species Are Not Natural Kinds p. 201 7.6 Species As Individuals p. 204 7.7 The Theoretical Hierarchy of Biology p. 212 7.8 The Statistical Character of Evolutionary Theory p. 216 7.9 Universal Theories and Case Studies p. 219 Introduction to the Literature p. 225 Chapter 8 New Problems of Functionalism p. 226 8.1 Functionalism in Molecular Biology p. 228 8.2 The Panglossian Paradigm p. 235 8.3 Aptations, Exaptations, and Adaptations p. 243 8.4 Information and Action Among the Macromolecules p. 246 8.5 Metaphors and Molecules p. 255 Bibliography p. 266 Index p. 273.


Sketching Theoretical Biology

Sketching Theoretical Biology PDF
Author: C. H. Waddington
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Size: 65.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 351
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Sketching Theoretical Biology Book Description

by C. H. Waddington, Sketching Theoretical Biology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Sketching Theoretical Biology books, The purpose of this volume is to bring together a number of elements that would be useful in the construction of a coherent and comprehensive theory of biology. Based on the assumption that living systems represent some kind of "organized complexity," the collection discusses meaningful ways of formulating two basic questions: what is the nature of this complexity; and, what are the principles of its organization? The question always asked about biological theory is whether or not it constitutes useful scientific theory. Because many useful biological theories cannot yet be made explicit in terms of conventional physics, Sketching Theoretical Biology illustrates the types of questions in biology that correspond to the types of issues discussed in theoretical physics. This book, originally published in 1969, centers around a vigorous debate on the role played by metaphysical beliefs in determining scientific attitudes. The discussion covers heredity and evolution, cognitive processes and control processes, general property of hierarchies, and the current status of neo-Darwinism. Contributors include theoretical physicists, philosophers, neuroscientists, theoretical chemists, computer scientists, chemical engineers, geneticists and molecular biologists.


Nmr In Molecular Biology

NMR in Molecular Biology PDF
Author: Oleg Jardetzky
Publisher: Academic Press
Size: 79.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 698
View: 6048

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Nmr In Molecular Biology Book Description

by Oleg Jardetzky, Nmr In Molecular Biology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Nmr In Molecular Biology books, NMR in Molecular Biology provides an introduction to the basic concepts and principles of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) that are essential to a critical evaluation of experimental data. It also aims to acquaint readers in some detail with those prototype experiments in which a definite, biologically relevant answer has been obtained. The book opens with a chapter on the historical development of NMR technology. Separate chapters follow on the fundamental principles of NMR; paramagnetic perturbations of NMR spectra; time scales, chemical exchange, and problems of exchange; and characteristics of NMR spectra through investigations of compounds such as amino acids and peptides; and nucleic acid bases, nucleosides, and nucleotides. Subsequent chapters deal with protein NRM spectra, protein-ligand interactions, and the structure and dynamics of membranes. This book is intended for the student or practicing scientist wishing to gain a critical understanding of the applications of NMR to a wide range of problems in molecular biology.


Molecules In Physics Chemistry And Biology

Molecules in Physics  Chemistry  and Biology PDF
Author: J. Maruani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 21.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246
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Molecules In Physics Chemistry And Biology Book Description

by J. Maruani, Molecules In Physics Chemistry And Biology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Molecules In Physics Chemistry And Biology books, Volume 1: General Introduction to Molecular Sciences Volume 2: Physical Aspects of Molecular Systems Volume 3: Electronic Structure and Chemical Reactivity Volume 4: Molecular Phenomena in Biological Sciences


Mathematical Essays On Growth And The Emergence Of Form

Mathematical Essays on Growth and the Emergence of Form PDF
Author: Peter L. Antonelli
Publisher: University of Alberta
Size: 77.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 332
View: 1864

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Mathematical Essays On Growth And The Emergence Of Form Book Description

by Peter L. Antonelli, Mathematical Essays On Growth And The Emergence Of Form Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mathematical Essays On Growth And The Emergence Of Form books, Of interest to theoretical biologists, as well as mathematicians, physical scientists or anyone concerned with problems in growth, chemical ecology and the developmental biology of form, these essays on biological modelling by American, British and Canadian researchers provide an interesting geometric excursion to the frontiers of contemporary mathematical biology.


Probabilities Laws And Structures

Probabilities  Laws  and Structures PDF
Author: Dennis Dieks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 18.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 1647

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Probabilities Laws And Structures Book Description

by Dennis Dieks, Probabilities Laws And Structures Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Probabilities Laws And Structures books, This volume, the third in this Springer series, contains selected papers from the four workshops organized by the ESF Research Networking Programme "The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective" (PSE) in 2010: Pluralism in the Foundations of Statistics Points of Contact between the Philosophy of Physics and the Philosophy of Biology The Debate on Mathematical Modeling in the Social Sciences Historical Debates about Logic, Probability and Statistics The volume is accordingly divided in four sections, each of them containing papers coming from the workshop focussing on one of these themes. While the programme's core topic for the year 2010 was probability and statistics, the organizers of the workshops embraced the opportunity of building bridges to more or less closely connected issues in general philosophy of science, philosophy of physics and philosophy of the special sciences. However, papers that analyze the concept of probability for various philosophical purposes are clearly a major theme in this volume, as it was in the previous volumes of the same series. This reflects the impressive productivity of probabilistic approaches in the philosophy of science, which form an important part of what has become known as formal epistemology - although, of course, there are non-probabilistic approaches in formal epistemology as well. It is probably fair to say that Europe has been particularly strong in this area of philosophy in recent years.​