Search Results for: men and women in interaction

Men And Women In Interaction

Men and Women in Interaction PDF
Author: Elizabeth Aries
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 63.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 303

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Men And Women In Interaction Book Description

by Elizabeth Aries, Men And Women In Interaction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Men And Women In Interaction books, For many years the dominant focus in gender relations has been the differences between men and women. Authors such as Deborah Tannen (You Just Don't Understand) and John Gray (Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus) have argued that there are deep-seated and enduring differences between male and female personalities, styles, even languages. Elizabeth Aries sees the issue as more complex and dependent on several variables, among them the person's status, role, goals, conversational partners, and the characteristics of the situational context. Aries discusses why we emphasize the differences between the sexes, the ways in which these are exaggerated, and how we may be perpetuating the very stereotypes we wish to abandon. For psychologists and researchers of gender and communication, this book will illuminate recent studies in gender relations. For general readers it will offer a stimulating counterpoint to prevailing views.


Encyclopedia Of Sex And Gender

Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender PDF
Author: Carol R. Ember
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 60.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1037
View: 2581

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Encyclopedia Of Sex And Gender Book Description

by Carol R. Ember, Encyclopedia Of Sex And Gender Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Sex And Gender books, The central aim of this encyclopedia is to give the reader a comparative perspective on issues involving conceptions of gender, gender differences, gender roles, relationships between the genders, and sexuality. The encyclopedia is divided into two volumes: Topics and Cultures. The combination of topical overviews and varying cultural portraits is what makes this encyclopedia a unique reference work for students, researchers and teachers interested in gender studies and cross-cultural variation in sex and gender. It deserves a place in the library of every university and every social science and health department. Contents:- Glossary. Cultural Conceptions of Gender. Gender Roles, Status, and Institutions. Sexuality and Male-Female Interaction. Sex and Gender in the World's Cultures. Culture Name Index. Subject Index.


Cross Cultural Communication Between Men And Women

Cross Cultural Communication between Men and Women PDF
Author: Nadine Marik
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Size: 62.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 10
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Cross Cultural Communication Between Men And Women Book Description

by Nadine Marik, Cross Cultural Communication Between Men And Women Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cross Cultural Communication Between Men And Women books, Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0 , The Australian National University (English Department - Australian National University), course: Cross Cultural Communication, 5 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In the recent history of linguistics, there have been various approaches to analyse women’s and men’s speech. It was the goal of these studies to find out if men and women speak differently. Their speech behaviour was analysed in respect to phonology, lexical choice and usage as well as interactions between men and women in discourse. Traditionally, sociolinguists have looked at gender in discourse in connection with ethnic background, age, level of education and socio-economic status. Many theories claim that differences in language result from the male tendency to dominate women, and have seen female speech behaviour as a deviation from male speech norms. Deborah Tannen, professor of linguistics at Georgetown University, has developed a different model. She claims that male-female communication is cross-cultural. Men and women may grow up in the same country, in the same society and culture, but they are members of different genders, different subcultures. Men and women talk differently: they apply different speech norms and have different expectations for their interlocutors. Misunderstandings between the sexes easily arise in discourse. In the following I will elaborate on the nature of the two different cultures, their origins, and give examples on how the gender-related cultural norms affect language. Although some of these speech-norms are apparent in western cultures, the main focus will be on Anglo-American culture. Deborah Tannen regards men and women as belonging to two different cultures. The juxtaposition of power on the male side and solidarity on the female side is the key difference between their communities. Other differences in attitudes and values are results of this contrast. Gender is not just biological sex. In linguistics, genderlect refers to an acquired form of speech behaviour that individuals learn from early on. Children learn how to behave from parents and, more importantly, from their peers. Interaction in same-sex groups of children can explain or hint at the psychological behaviour that members of each sex develop. In the male community, power and status are important values that every man will endeavour to attain and maintain. Men perceive life in hierarchies, and continuously struggle to show or defend their status in society. In communication, too, one is always one-up or onedown. Furthermore, men value independence, their language creates distance. The female world differs in attitudes and values.


Fathering Behaviors

Fathering Behaviors PDF
Author: Wade C. Mackey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 10.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 5665

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Fathering Behaviors Book Description

by Wade C. Mackey, Fathering Behaviors Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Fathering Behaviors books, Like the lines of a secret map made dimly apparent by the chemical potion brushed on a piece of paper from a child's detective kit, the outlines of what may be a substantial behavioral biology of human life seem to be coming clear. From genetic science at its most molecular to demography with its assessment of the vital experience of massive populations, there is a growing understanding of the various ways in which the human species reveals underlying commonalities of experi ence through the life cycle and over the web of interactions that constitutes the basic matter of social life. At the same time, research has been successful in two super ficially and contradictory directions: first, in showing the enormous variation in human arrangements and consciousness across and with in cultures; and second, in showing the similarity between cultures as far as basic processes of physiology, neurophysiology, and even so ciallife are concerned. But the contradiction only exists in the absence of an understanding of the fact that in a species living under as many ecological, historical, and economic niches as Homo sapiens, cultural variation is what one would naturally expect.


Men And Masculinities In Christianity And Judaism

Men and Masculinities in Christianity and Judaism PDF
Author: Björn Krondorfer
Publisher: Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd
Size: 12.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 489
View: 5738

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Men And Masculinities In Christianity And Judaism Book Description

by Björn Krondorfer, Men And Masculinities In Christianity And Judaism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Men And Masculinities In Christianity And Judaism books, A comprehensive collection of texts that maps out the field of Critical Men's Studies in Religion. It contains 35 key texts that engage with the position of men in society and church, the ideals of masculinity as engendered by religious discourse, and alternative trajectories of being in the world, whether spiritually, relationally or sexually.


Conversational Dominance And Gender

Conversational Dominance and Gender PDF
Author: Hiroko Itakura
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Size: 71.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 227
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Conversational Dominance And Gender Book Description

by Hiroko Itakura, Conversational Dominance And Gender Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Conversational Dominance And Gender books, Annotation In this study, Itakura (The Hong Kong Polytechnic U.) analyzes gender dominance in conversations among Japanese speakers in both their native tongue (L1) and in English (L2). The interactions studied include institutional talk as well as everyday conversation. The author's approach draws upon Conversation Analysis, the Birmingham school of discourse analysis, and dialogical analysis to examine whether patterns of gender dominance in Japanese L2 conversation are similar to those found in L1 conversation. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).


Gender Interaction And Inequality

Gender  Interaction  and Inequality PDF
Author: Cecilia L. Ridgeway
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Size: 80.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 1524

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Gender Interaction And Inequality Book Description

by Cecilia L. Ridgeway, Gender Interaction And Inequality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gender Interaction And Inequality books, Causal explanations are essential for theory building. In focusing on causal mechanisms rather than descriptive effects, the goal of this volume is to increase our theoretical understanding of the way gender operates in interaction. Theoretical analyses of gender's effects in interaction, in turn, are necessary to understand how such effects might be implicated with individual-level and social structural-level processes in the larger system of gender inequality. Despite other differences, the contributors to this book all take what might be loosely called a "microstructural" approach to gender and interaction. All agree that individuals come to interaction with certain common, socially created beliefs, cultural meanings, experiences, and social rules. These include stereotypes about gendered activities and skills, beliefs about the status value of gender, rules for interacting in certain settings, and so on. However, as individuals apply these beliefs and rules to the specific contingent events of interaction, they combine and reshape their implications in distinctive ways that are particular to the encounter. As a result, individuals actively construct their social relations in the encounter through their interaction. The patterns of relations that develop are not completely determined or scripted in advance by the beliefs and rules of the larger society. Consequently, there is a reciprocal causal relationship between constructed patterns of interaction and larger social structural forms. The constructed patterns of social relations among a set of interactants can be thought of as micro-level social structures or, more simply, "microstructures.


Women In Electoral Politics

Women in Electoral Politics PDF
Author: Jill M. Bystydzienski
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Size: 38.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 129
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Women In Electoral Politics Book Description

by Jill M. Bystydzienski, Women In Electoral Politics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Women In Electoral Politics books, Focuses on how and why Norwegian women attained the highest political representation of any country, the consequences for change in the political system, and barriers that remain in women's full political integration in Norway and worldwide.


Preaching That Speaks To Women

Preaching That Speaks to Women PDF
Author: Alice P. Mathews
Publisher: Baker Books
Size: 76.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 7646

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Preaching That Speaks To Women Book Description

by Alice P. Mathews, Preaching That Speaks To Women Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Preaching That Speaks To Women books, In most twenty-first century congregations, women outnumber men by as much as fifty percent or more. Unfortunately, masculine anecdotes and a lack of understanding of the different ways women and men listen, learn, and perceive ideas of leadership and power leave many women feeling detached from the messages conveyed from the pulpit. How can a pastor effectively minister to both men and women? How do the ways in which women understand sermons differ from those of men? Preaching That Speaks to Women invites preachers to consider how gender affects the way sermons are understood and calls them to preaching that relates to the entire congregation. Drawing from her experience as a teacher of ministry students, as well as her experience as a missionary, conference speaker, and radio Bible teacher, Alice Mathews explores both the myths and legitimate boundaries for speaking about women as listeners. She considers the ways women think about themselves, make ethical decisions, handle stress, learn, and view leadership and power and applies the results to the task of preaching. Mathews advocates effective preaching that does not ignore women or merely typecast women in narrowly defined roles.


Warriors And Worriers

Warriors and Worriers PDF
Author: Joyce F. Benenson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Size: 22.61 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 5286

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Warriors And Worriers Book Description

by Joyce F. Benenson, Warriors And Worriers Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Warriors And Worriers books, The question of exactly what sex differences exist and whether they have a biological foundation has been one of our culture's favorite enduring discussions. It should. After a baby is born, a parent's first concern is for its physical health. The next concern is its sex. Only in the most modern societies does sex not virtually guarantee the type of future life a new human being will have. Even in modern societies, one's sex usually plays a large role in the path a life follows. Scientists have published thousands of papers on the subject, with the general conclusion being that men and women are mostly the same, whatever differences exist have been socialized, and what differences exist have to do with women bearing children and men being physically stronger. In Warriors and Worriers, psychologist Joyce Benenson presents a new theory of sex differences, based on thirty years of research with young children and primates around the world. Her innovative theory focuses on how men and women stay alive. Benenson draws on a fascinating array of studies and stories that explore the ways boys and men deter their enemies, while girls and women find assistants to aid them in coping with vulnerable children and elders. This produces two social worlds for each sex which sets humans apart from most other primate species. Human males form cooperative groups that compete against out-groups, while human females exclude other females in their quest to find mates, female family members to invest in their children, and keep their own hearts ticking. In the process, Benenson turns upside down the familiar wisdom that women are more sociable than men and that men are more competitive than women.